This text provides a firm foundation in the biomechanical methods and tools necessary for quantifying human movements. Research Methods in Biomechanics is an invaluable resource for developing and seasoned researchers wishing to hone their skills and learn new techniques in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data.
The reference shows how the laws of motion are applied to complex human movements. The text demonstrates how to combine segments to obtain limb or total-body measures. All the material is presented in such a way that you need only basic knowledge of Newtonian mechanics and vector algebra to benefit.
The easy-to-navigate book is organized into 11 chapters and three parts. Part 1 describes the kinematics of motion using 2- and 3-D analyses. Part 2 considers the kinetics of motion with respect to quantifying forces, work, impulse, and power. Both 2- and 3-D analyses are again provided, as well as methods to directly and indirectly measure forces. Part 3 examines numerous additional techniques to quantify motion, including electromyography, muscle modeling, and computer simulation.
Research Methods in Biomechanics contains extensive tables, reference materials, and other features that will enhance your understanding of the material:
Each chapter begins with objectives that enable you to quickly access different topics.
Exercises appear throughout the text, allowing you to test your skills.
Key terms are highlighted and defined in a handy glossary.
Current studies from scholarly journals are analyzed to demonstrate how different methods and techniques apply in actual research experiments.
Suggested readings provide direction for deeper study.
This text will help you test your skills in using a variety of research methods and apply the requirements and steps necessary for valid data collection. It is a must-have for biomechanics professionals, researchers, and students.
Introduction Biomechanics Analysis Techniques: A Primer
What Tools Are Needed in Biomechanics?
Applications of the Principles of Biomechanics: An Example
Numerical Accuracy and Significant Digits
Part I. Kinematics
Chapter 1. Planar Kinematics
Description of Position
Degrees of Freedom
Kinematic Data Collection
Chapter 2. Three-Dimensional Kinematics
Scalars, Vectors, and Matrices
Collection of Three-Dimensional Data
Determination of the Local Coordinate System
Transformations Between Reference Systems
Part II: Kinetics
Chapter 3. Body Segment Parameters
Methods for Measuring and Estimating Body Segment Parameters
Two-Dimensional (Planar) Computational Methods
Three-Dimensional (Spatial) Computational Methods
Chapter 4. Forces and Their Measurement
Types of Forces
Moment of Force, or Torque
Linear Impulse and Momentum
Angular Impulse and Momentum
Measurement of Force
Chapter 5. Two-Dimensional Inverse Dynamics
Planar Motion Analysis
General Plane Motion
Method of Sections
Human Joint Kinetics
Chapter 6. Energy, Work, and Power
Energy, Work, and the Laws of Thermodynamics
Conservation of Mechanical Energy
Ergometry: Direct Methods
Ergometry: Indirect Methods
Chapter 7. Three-Dimensional Kinetics
Data Required for Three-Dimensional Analysis
Sources of Error in Three-Dimensional Calculations
Three-Dimensional Kinetics Calculations
Presentation of the Data
Part III: Additional Techniques
Chapter 8. Electromyographic Kinesiology
Physiology of the Electromyographic Signal
Recording and Acquiring the Electromyographic Signal
Analyzing and Interpreting the Electromyographic Signal
Applications of Electromyographic Techniques
Chapter 9. Muscle Modeling
The Hill Muscle Model
Chapter 10. Computer Simulation of Human Movement
Overview: Modeling As a Process
Why Simulate Human Movement?
General Procedure for Simulations
Model Derivation: Lagrange’s Equation of Motion
Numerical Solution Techniques
Limitations of Computer Models
Chapter 11. Signal Processing
Characteristics of a Signal
Ensuring Circular Continuity
Appendix A. International System of Units Appendix B. Selected Factors for Converting Between Units of Measure Appendix C. Basic Electronics Appendix D. Vector Operations Appendix E. Matrix Operations Appendix F. Numerical Integration of Double Pendulum Equations Appendix G. Derivation of Double Pendulum Equations Appendix H. Discrete Fourier Transform Subroutine Appendix I. Shannon’s Reconstruction Subroutine
Reference for biomechanics professionals, researchers, motor behaviorists, MDs, DCs, ODs, and biomechanical professionals and ergonomists; text for undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in biomechanics methods courses.
D. Gordon E. Robertson, PhD, wrote Introduction to Biomechanics for Human Motion Analysis and coauthored Canadian Foundations of Physical Education, Recreation and Sport Studies. He has taught undergraduate- and graduate-level biomechanics at the University of British Columbia and currently teaches at the University of Ottawa. He is also Web page editor for the Canadian Society for Biomechanics.
Dr. Joseph Hamill (fellow of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance; American College of Sports Medicine; and American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education) is coauthor of a popular undergraduate textbook, Biomechanical Basis of Human Movement. He teaches undergraduate- and graduate-level biomechanics and is director of the exercise science department at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
Dr. Graham E. Caldwell (fellow of the Canadian Society for Biomechanics) teaches undergraduate- and graduate-level biomechanics at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst and previously held a similar faculty position at the University of Maryland. He is a winner of the Canadian Society for Biomechanics New Investigator Award, and in 1998 he won the Outstanding Teacher Award for the School of Public Health and Health Sciences at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Recently he served as an associate editor for Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.
Dr. Gary Kamen (fellow of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance and American College of Sports Medicine) is author of an undergraduate textbook on kinesiology,Introduction to Exercise Science. He is former president of the Research Consortium of AAPHERD and teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in motor behavior and motor control in the exercise science department at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
Dr. Saunders (Sandy) N. Whittlesey is a research associate at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. He has a background in mathematics, engineering, and electronics and works as a technical consultant for FootJoy and Titleist.