Many of the daily challenges faced by persons with Down syndrome are caused by difficulties in their perceptual-motor behavior. These challenges and their behavioral consequences have been the center of multi-disciplined research efforts over the past century.
Perceptual-Motor Behavior in Down Syndrome is a comprehensive collection of contemporary research and provides readers a window into the behavioral variability exhibited by this special group. Now you can apply this research to circumvent, or at least minimize, some of the general and specific processing challenges associated with Down syndrome.
Internationally recognized contributors from 10 different countries cover aspects of sensory, cognitive, and movement processes in infants, children, and adults with Down syndrome.
Specifically addressed are the differences and similarities among persons with Down syndrome, people with other disabilities, and non-disabled people. Contributors present fellow researchers, educators, parents, and students with an increased understanding that perceptual-motor behavior in Down syndrome is often adaptive and appropriate. Use this up-to-date resource in current program planning, educational initiatives, and future research efforts.
Part I focuses on some of the underlying functional components of perceptual-motor behavior, beginning with a discussion of muscular activation patterns and moving to more complex manual, locomotor, and visuomotor themes.
Part II discusses characteristics of motor behavior in Down syndrome in the context of maturation, learning, and adaptive change. Both Part I and Part II offer useful strategies that may facilitate skill acquisition.
Part III explores theoretical advances and the accompanying new research strategies for understanding and investigating perceptual-motor behavior in Down syndrome.
This text will facilitate an understanding of the environmental experience and development of perceptual-motor behavior in people with Down syndrome. With this text, you can help address the challenges faced by this extraordinary population.
Part I. Characteristics of Perceptual-Motor Behavior Associated With Down Syndrome
Chapter 1. Patterns of Muscle Activation in Simple Reaction-Time Tasks J. Greg Anson and Grant A. Mawston
Movement Preparation and Simple Reaction Time
The Proximal-to-Distal Phenomenon
Performance Consistency and Patterns of Muscle Activation
Chapter 2. Control of Manual Skills in Children With Down Syndrome Judith L. Charlton, Elfriede Ihsen, and Barbara M. Lavelle
Development of Abilities in Children With Down Syndrome
Brain Structure and Function
Motor Learning and Motor Control
A Model for the Reach-to-Grasp Action
Performance of Reaching and Grasping in Individuals With Down Syndrome
Chapter 3. Preparation and Control of Goal-Directed Limb Movements in Persons With Down Syndrome Timothy N. Welsh and Digby Elliott
Perceptual-Motor Speed: A Review of Reaction Time and Movement Preparation Literature
Rapid Limb Control: Vision and Kinesthesis in On-Line Regulation
The Verbal Mediation of Goal-Directed Movement
Chapter 4. Locomotor Patterns of Individuals With Down Syndrome: Effects of Environmental and Task Constraints Eliane Mauerberg-deCastro and Rosa M. Angulo-Kinzler
Dynamic Principles in Locomotion Behavior and Sources of Constraints
The Analysis of Locomotion in Down Syndrome
Chapter 5. Ophthalmic Factors in Down Syndrome: A Motoric Perspective Mark Mon-Williams, Anne Jobling, and John P. Wann
Conjugate Eye Movements
Vergence and Accommodation
Implications for Movement
Chapter 6. Face Processing in Children With Down Syndrome T.K. Pitcairn and Jennifer G. Wishart
Social Understanding in Children With Down Syndrome
Understanding Others: Developing Face-Processing Skills
Understanding the Information Available in Faces
Face-Processing Ability in Children With Down Syndrome: Some Illustrative Experiments
The Nature of the Deficit
Perceptual-Matching Ability in Children With Down Syndrome
Part II. Motor Development, Learning, and Adaptive Change
Chapter 7. Sensorimotor Deficits in Down Syndrome: Implications for Facilitating Motor Performance Gil Lúcio Almeida, Charli Tortoza, Sandra M.S. Ferreira, Nádia F. Marconi, Gerald L. Gottlieb, and Daniel M. Corcos
Similarities to Individuals Without Down Syndrome
Differences in Comparison to Individuals Without Down Syndrome
Can Movement Clumsiness Be Attributed to Impaired Decision-Making in Down Syndrome?
Chapter 8. Attention and Cognitive-Skill Acquisition Cynthia L. Dulaney and Phillip D. Tomporowski
Motor and Cognitive Skills
Chapter 9. Motor Coordination in Down Syndrome: The Role of Adaptive Changes Mark L. Latash
Main Problems of Coordination of Natural Movements
The Problem of Motor Redundancy
Structural Units and Synergies
Movement Patterns in Down Syndrome
Adaptive Changes in the Central Nervous System
Possible Routes to Optimization of Special Physical Education Programs
Chapter 10. Motor Development in Down Syndrome: A Longitudinal Perspective Anne Jobling and Mark Mon-Williams
Developmental Progress of Infants and Young Children With Down Syndrome
Developmental Progress Into the School-Age Years
Two Australian Studies
Part III. Current Research Strategies in the Investigation of Perceptual-Motor Behavior in Down Syndrome
Chapter 11. Information-Movement Coupling in Children With Down Syndrome Geert Savelsbergh, John van der Kamp, Annick Ledebt, and Tjasa Planinsek
The Functional Coupling of Information and Movement: Affordances, Constraints, and Information
Grasping: Size As a Constraint
Posture and Optic Flow Information
Chapter 12. Atypical Dynamics of Motor Behavior in Down Syndrome Michael G. Wade, Richard Van Emmerik, and Thomas P. Kernozek
Periodicity as Patterned Behavior
Optical Flow and the Control of Posture
Chapter 13. A Functional-Systems Approach to Movement Pathology in Persons With Down Syndrome Matthew Heath, Digby Elliott, Daniel J. Weeks, and Romeo Chua
Handedness and Language Lateralization
Cerebral Specialization for Haptic and Visual Processing
Cerebral Specialization for Speech Production
The Biological-Dissociation Model
Speech Errors and the Dissociation of Speech Perception and Movement (Speech) Production
Chapter 14. Neurophysiological Correlates of Perceptual-Motor Behavior in Down Syndrome Giuseppe A. Chiarenza and Paolo Stagi
Materials and Methods
Supplemental text for senior undergraduate and graduate courses in the areas of human performance, physical education, kinesiology, movement science, and motor control and learning. Reference for current and future motor behavior scientists, motor learning and control professors, adapted physical education professors, psychologists, and occupational and physical therapists.
Daniel J. Weeks, PhD, is an Associate Professor and Graduate Chair in the School of Kinesiology at Simon Fraser University in British Columbia, Canada. He has been conducting research in the area of perceptual-motor behavior in persons with Down syndrome for nearly fifteen years.
He receives grant support from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Council of Canada (NSERC) and the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH). His work has been published in numerous scholarly journals and texts, including the Journal of Experimental Psychology; Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology; Experimental Brain Research; Journal of Motor Behavior; Psychological Research; and Down Syndrome: Research and Practice. He is on the editorial board for the Journal of Motor Behavior and Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers. Dr. Weeks sits on the Board of Directors for the Canadian Down Syndrome Research Foundation & Resource Center and is a member of their Research Forum. He is also a member of the Psychonomics Society and the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA). In 1996, he received the Early Career Distinguished Scholar Award from NASPSPA.
Dr. Weeks resides in Port Coquitlam, British Columbia, Canada, and enjoys fishing, drumming, and euchre.
Romeo Chua, PhD, is an assistant professor in the School of Human Kinetics at the University of British Columbia, and a research supervisor for the Simon Fraser/McMaster University Down syndrome project. Over the past several years he has participated in collaborated research efforts of perceptual-motor behavior and functional cerebral specialization in persons with Down syndrome.
He receives grant support from NSERC and NIH. Dr. Chua is a member of the NASPSPA and the Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology (SCAPPS). In 1996, he received the Governor General's Gold Medal from Simon Fraser University and the Young Scientist Award from SCAPPS in 1992.
Dr. Chua and his wife Brenda reside in Vancover, British Columbia, Canada. He enjoys reading, music, and tennis.
Digby Elliott, PhD, is a professor in the Department of Kinesiology at McMaster University. His current research is funded by NSERC and NIH.
In the past 18 years, Elliott has published more than 100 peer-reviewed journal articles and been co-editor on two books. In 1997, he was listed by Current Contents as one of the most published authors in psychology. He is on the editorial board for the Journal of Motor Behavior and belongs to the NASPSPA and SCAPPS. He was president of SCAPPS from 1997 to 1998.
Dr. Elliott and his wife Elaine reside in Dundas, Ontario, Canada. He enjoys skin and scuba diving, jogging, and reading in his spare time.