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There is no shortage of research findings in the burgeoning field of the neurosciences and molecular biology and their impact on the physiology of exercise.
Now Neuromuscular Aspects of Physical Activity brings together—in one focused text—the latest research compiled from an array of sources and fields of science, including neuroscience, kinesiology, molecular biology, and physiology. The comprehensive approach makes it an excellent textbook for undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in muscle physiology courses. It’s also an outstanding reference for exercise and muscle physiologists.
This advanced text is thoughtfully organized in a logical way, building from a foundational discussion of muscle fibers and motor units to cover the neuromuscular responses to physical activity.
Among the many features that make this text invaluable to students are discussions of current issues in the field, especially the debate surrounding the sources and significance of fatigue at different levels of the nervous system and whether the spinal cord can “learn.”
This thorough and remarkably current text features the following:
More than 155 diagrams
Meticulous, up-to-the-minute references
Highlights of fatigue, endurance training, resistance training, and inactivity
Topics sparsely covered in research literature
No other text so clearly ties recent research information from neuroscience and molecular biology to our understanding of the physiology of exercise.
Chapter 1. Muscle Fiber Types
Grouping Fibers by Myosin Heavy-Chain (MHC) Composition
Functional Properties of Fibers Containing Different Myosin Heavy-Chain Profiles
Fiber Types and Performance
Chapter 2. Motoneurons and the Muscle Units They Innervate
The Muscle Unit and Muscle Unit Types
The Motoneuron Component of the Motor Unit
The Heckman–Binder Model of Motor Unit Recruitment
Motor Unit Recruitment During Different Types of Voluntary
Chapter 3. Neuromuscular Fatigue
Two Basic Fatigue Mechanisms Involving the Nervous System: Neuromuscular Transmission Failure and Decreased Motoneuron Activity
Reduced Motoneuron Activity During Various Types of Contractions
Evidence From Reduced Animal Preparations on Mechanisms of Neuromuscular Fatigue
Chapter 4. Endurance Training of the Neuromuscular System
The Neuromuscular Junction
Motoneuron Adaptations to Endurance Training
Spinal Cord Adaptations to Endurance Training
Chapter 5. Strength Training
Acute Effects of Strength Training on Protein Synthesis and Degradation
The Chronic Effect of Resistance Overload on Muscle Phenotype
Neural Effects of Resistance Training
Chapter 6. Neuromuscular Responses to Decrease in Normal Activity
General Principles Underlying Neuromuscular Responses to Reduced Activity
Models of Decreased Neuromuscular Usage
About the Author
Advanced text for upper-level undergraduate and beginning-level graduate students in exercise physiology; reference for exercise scientists and researchers, physiotherapists, and exercise and muscle physiologists
Philip Gardiner, PhD, is currently a professor in the department of kinesiology at the University of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. He also is an associate member of the school of physical and occupational therapy at McGill University and associate researcher at the institute de kinesitherapie at the Free University of Brussels.
For 25 years, Dr. Gardiner has conducted and published research pertaining to the effects of physical activity on the neuromuscular system, and his work has appeared in leading physiology journals. He is president of the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology.
The former editor of the Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, Dr. Gardiner obtained his doctorate in exercise physiology from the University of Alberta at Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.