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It has long been known that almost all elite athletes use imagery and that most sport psychologists apply imagery in working with athletes. But most material on the subject has been, to this point, relegated to single chapters in books, to journal articles, or to conference proceedings.
Now Imagery in Sport addresses the breadth of what researchers and practitioners in sport psychology know about the topic, and it treats each issue in depth, considering current theories and research on imagery and its application in sport. The reference also addresses future directions in research and practice for imagery in sport. In doing so, Imagery in Sport provides the most comprehensive look at the state of imagery and its uses in sport today. The authors take readers step by step through understanding, investigating, applying, and advancing imagery in sport. The text includes the following:
Sample scripts, preperformance suggestions, and sport-specific and site-specific tips
Presentation and critical analysis of 10 well-known theoretical frameworks for understanding imagery
A full chapter devoted to understanding and successfully using the available measures of imagery in sport, including how to administer imagery-ability measures
Imagery in Sport takes complex theories and presents them clearly, using examples from everyday sport contexts. The book helps readers become familiar with the current knowledge about the topic and learn to view it with a critical eye. And it provides practicing sport psychologists with guidelines and strategies for using imagery to help athletes improve their performances.
Part I: Understanding Imagery in Sport Chapter 1. Introduction: The Power of Imagination
Power of Imagery
Challenges, Theory, and Research on Imagery
Chapter 2. Definitions: What Is Imagery?
Definitions From Cognitive Sport Psychology
Definitions From Sport Psychology
Working Definition of Sport Imagery
Operational Definitions of Imagery Ability and Imagery Use
Conceptualizations From Sport Psychology
Chapter 3. Theories: How Does Imagery Work?
Early Theories of Mental Practice
Cognitive Theories of Imagery
Psychological State Explanations
Functional Equivalence and Neurophysiological Explanations
Part II: Investigating Imagery in Sport Chapter 4. Imagery-Ability and Imagery-Use Assessment
Components of Imagery Ability
Classification of Imagery-Ability and Imagery-Use Measures
Measures of Imagery Used in Sport Psychology
Evidence Related to the Construct Validation of Imagery Measurement
Chapter 5. Imagery Research
Does Imagery Work?
Which Factors Influence the Effectiveness of Imagery?
How Much Imagery Is Enough?
Is Imagery Research in Its Own Little Dream World?
Chapter 6. Imagery Perspectives
Definitions of Imagery Modality and Imagery Perspectives
Visual and Kinesthetic Imagery Research
Internal and External Imagery Research
Visual/Kinesthetic and Internal/External Imagery Research
Chapter 7. Psychophysiological Research on Imagery
Part III: Applying Imagery in Sport Chapter 8. Strategies for Applying Imagery
Overview of Existing Imagery-Based Interventions
Key Components of an Imagery Training Program
Chapter 9. Uses for Imagery
Uses of Imagery in the General Athletic Population
Uses of Imagery in Special Athletic Populations
Chapter 10. Technical Aids to Imagery
Video Modeling and Imagery
Biofeedback and Imagery in Sport
Flotation and Imagery
Chapter 11. Injury Rehabilitation and Imagery
Role of Imagery in Rehabilitation
Use of Imagery in Rehabilitation
Implications for Practice
Part IV: Advancing Imagery in Sport Chapter 12. Exercise and Imagery
Theoretical Basis for Imagery Use in Exercise Settings
Research on Imagery and Exercise
Applications of Imagery in Exercise Settings
Chapter 13. Future Directions in Research and Practice
Future Directions in Imagery Research
Future Directions in Imagery Practice
About the Authors
A reference for researchers, sport psychologists, and motor learning and control specialists; a text for graduate students in sport psychology.
Tony Morris, PhD, is a professor of sport and exercise psychology at Victoria University in Victoria, Australia. Morris has published widely on imagery in sport and is known as the leading researcher on the topic. He has authored numerous book chapters on imagery in sport and is the author of one of the leading texts on sport and exercise psychology as well as an authoritative reference text on the status of sport psychology around the world. He has held numerous positions with national and international sport psychology associations, including president of the Asian South Pacific Association of Sport Psychology since 1999 and treasurer of the International Society of Sport Psychology since 2001.
Michael Spittle, PhD, is a lecturer in motor behavior at the University of Ballarat in Victoria, Australia. His current teaching includes motor learning, motor control, sport and exercise psychology, measurement and evaluation in human movement, and cricket, as well as supervision of several postgraduate students. Spittle has a Physical Education and honors degree from Victoria University, a postgraduate degree in psychology from Deakin University, and a PhD from Victoria University in the area of imagery perspectives and performance of open and closed motor skills. He has participated in and enjoys many sports and activities including cricket, Australian Rules football, soccer, surfing, running and fitness training.
Anthony Watt, PhD, is a lecturer in physical education at Victoria University in Victoria, Australia. Under Dr. Morris he completed his PhD work in 2003 in the area of assessment of imagery ability in sport. In addition to his lecturing, he cosupervises doctoral students working in the area of imagery use in sport. Watt has extensive background in physical education and sport, in which imagery has been examined.
"Imagery in Sport addresses the breadth of what researchers and practitioners in sport psychology know about the topic, and treats each issue in depth, considering current theories and research on imagery and its application in sport.”