discover the essentials to prepare for your adventure,
learn the basic skills and techniques from master teachers,
find tips and insights regarding equipment and gear,
test your knowledge with questions at the end of each chapter, and
learn to use the Web to find great trails and adventures.
Hiking and backpacking are great leisure-time activities. But before heading out, you need to know how to ensure a safe, environmentally sound, and enjoyable hiking and backpacking experience. Hiking and Backpacking covers all that, and much more! Through this book you will learn how to
prepare yourself physically for the rigors of hiking and camping;
select and prepare the right equipment, gear, clothing, and footwear;
manage risks and work to maintain safety while on the trail; and
use good trail etiquette and proper hiking, backpacking, and camping techniques.
Master teachers take you step by step through the preparation, skills, and techniques you need to know for a successful adventure. They provide you with practical tips in all these areas, and they also supply you with Web addresses to help you plan your hiking and backpacking adventures throughout the world. This practical book presents all the essential information you need for hiking, overnight camping, and backpacking.
Part I prepares you for your adventure with the necessary background knowledge, fitness basics, equipment and gear selection, nutritional needs, safety, and survival skills. In part II, you build your basic techniques and skills so you can embark on your first trek and subsequent adventures of increasing difficulty. Starting with easy day trips, you move on to more challenging hikes, overnight camping, and extended backpacking adventures as well as adventures that include groups, families, and dogs. Throughout the book, expert guides offer technique, consumer, and safety tips from their extensive experience. Web sites help you explore the world of outdoor adventure.
Use Hiking and Backpacking to lead you on new trails, explore new places, and join other hiking and backpacking enthusiasts all over the world in one of the fastest-growing outdoor activities. Around each bend in a trail is a perfect moment waiting to happen—and this book will prepare you to take full advantage of that moment!
Outdoor Adventure Series
Want to go on outdoor adventures of canoeing, kayaking, hiking and backpacking, and rock climbing? Start today with the Outdoor Adventures series. This practical series provides you with the essential information to get ready and go. The Outdoor Adventure series is designed to prepare you with instruction in the basic techniques and skills so you can be on your way to an adventure in no time.
Part I. Preparing for a Hiking or Backpacking Adventure Chapter 1. Going Hiking and Backpacking Briget Tyson Eastep and Marni Goldenberg
What’s Hiking All About?
What’s Backpacking All About?
In Between Day Hiking and Backpacking
Taking Care of Yourself, Your Companions, and the Environment
Where to Go?
Chapter 2. Getting Fit for Hiking and Backpacking Denise Mitten
Fitness Benefits of Hiking and Backpacking
Components of Physical Fitness
Matching Fitness to Trips
Getting Fit for Backpacking
Chapter 3. Footwear, Clothing, and Gear Scott Jordan and Christine Cashel
Basic Rules for Purchasing Gear
Dressing for Outdoors
Selecting and Using Day Packs and Backpacks
Food and Water: Eating on the Trail
First Aid Kit
Essentials for the Day Hiker
Gear Considerations for Overnight and Longer Trips
Gear Function and Maintenance
Chapter 4. Getting Trail Ready: Finding Your Way Hugh Gibson and Jerel Cowan
Planning the Route
Using a Map, Compass, and More
Permits and Paperwork
Getting to the Trailhead
Chapter 5. Trail Safety and Survival Skills Bruce Martin and Scott A. Robertshaw
Wilderness First Aid
Emergencies, Rescues, and Survival
Part II. On the Trail Chapter 6. Hiking Basics Timothy W. Kidd and Jennifer Marie Hazelrigs
Maintaining Energy Levels
Strategies for Various Terrains and Environments
Descending and Climbing
Crossing Streams and Rivers
Chapter 7. Hiking Adventures Jennifer L. Hinton, Jim Lustig, and Briget Tyson Eastep
Types of Hiking Adventures
Hiking Environments and Seasons
Additional Considerations for Day Hiking
Chapter 8. Basics of Backcountry Camping Andrew Jerome Bobilya and Brad Daniel
Selecting a Campsite
Factors Involved in Setting Up Camp
Chapter 9. Planning Your Backpacking Experience Jack Drury
Thinking Through the Planning Process
Trip Planning and Length
About the Contributors
Text for college-level basic hiking and backpacking courses. Resource for consumers who want to learn the basics of hiking and backpacking. Also used by the Wilderness Education Association for introductory courses and workshops.
The Wilderness Education Association (WEA) is a not-for-profit organization that develops and implements educational curricula and programs aimed at educating people about the appropriate use of wildlands and protected areas. The WEA also forms strategic alliances with federal land management agencies, conservation groups, and all organizations that benefit from wildlands and believe that the existence of wildlands is important to the quality of life.
The WEA has an affiliate network of more than 40 colleges, universities, private, and nonprofit groups that offer their courses. These affiliates are in the United States as well as Canada, Mexico, and Hong Kong. Through WEA's courses, students can learn a wide range of outdoor leadership skills.
Marni Goldenberg, PhD, assistant professor in the recreation, parks, and tourism administration department at California Polytechnic, San Luis Obispo, coauthored chapter 1. She is a WEA-certified instructor and an instructor for Outward Bound, and she has been hiking and backpacking for over 15 years.
Bruce Martin, PhD, assistant professor in the school of recreation and sport sciences at Ohio University, coauthored chapter 5. He has been hiking and backpacking throughout the United States and Canada for over 20 years. He is an ACA instructor trainer, a Leave No Trace master educator, and has taught outdoor leadership for a number of years.
About The Contributors
Andrew Jerome Bobilya, PhD, assistant professor of outdoor education at Montreat College, coauthored chapter 8. He also trains outdoor leaders through multiweek expeditions using the WEA's curriculum and looks for opportunities to paddle or backpack with his family, including a recent trip on the Colorado River through the Grand Canyon and backpacking in the mountains of western North Carolina.
Christine Cashel, EdD, retired professor from Oklahoma State University, coauthored chapter 3. She was an educator for 34 years and an outdoor leader and instructor for 27 years. She has planned and participated in more than 50 trips ranging from weekend to 35-day expeditions in the United States and abroad.
Jerel Cowan, MS, instructor at University of Central Oklahoma, coauthored chapter 4. He is a Leave No Trace master educator, WEA professional short course participant, backpacking instructor, climbing instructor, outdoor adventure trip leader, and former adventure camp director. He is an active backpacker and climber in the western and northwestern United States.
Brad Daniel, PhD, professor of environmental studies and outdoor education at Montreat College, coauthored chapter 8. He has course experience as a participant with Outward Bound, NOLS, and WEA. He has been lead instructor on many extended wilderness expeditions (longer than 20 days) and numerous shorter trips.
Jack Drury, co-owner of Leading EDGE, a professional development organization, has taught WEA courses since 1979. He is past president of WEA, a veteran of numerous National Outdoor Leadership School courses and has led adventures throughout North America, Central America, Europe, and Siberia.
Briget Tyson Eastep, PhD, assistant professor and director of outdoor recreation in parks and tourism at Southern Utah University, coauthored chapters 1 and 7. She hiked and backpacked throughout New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, and Idaho with family and friends—from weekend trips to completing the 500-mile Colorado Trail in seven weeks.
Hugh Gibson, EdD, assistant professor in charge of the outdoor recreation curriculm at Missouri State University, coauthored chapter 4. He has led trips in the Northeast, Southeast, Midwest, and Colorado. He is an ACA instructor and Leave No Trace trainer.
Jennifer Marie Hazelrigs, ME, outdoor director of campus recreation at the University of Arkansas, coauthored chapter 6. She leads a majority of the outdoor educational trips, trains student leaders, and developed the trip leading program. She has led backpacking trips in Arkansas, Florida, North Carolina, Arizona, and Tennessee.
Jennifer L. Hinton, PhD, assistant professor in the school of recreation and sport sciences and coordinator of the recreation studies program at Ohio University, coauthored chapter 7. In addition to her education and teaching experiences, she has been day hiking for much of her life and continues to do so with her husband and children.
Scott Jordan, MS, adjunt professor at the school of education and coordinator of outdoor adventure at Oklahoma State University, coauthored chapter 3. He is a certified instructor for the WEA and a Leave No Trace master educator. He coordinates the logistics for about 10 backpacking trips each year.
Timothy W. Kidd, PhD, associate professor of outdoor leadership at John Brown University, coauthored chapter 6. He has extensive experience over the past 25 years leading backpacking trips in the backcountry among a variety of groups, including college students, church youth groups, and Scout groups.
Denise Mitten, PhD, associate professor at Ferris State University, coauthored chapter 2. She has taught rock climbing, skiing, and whitewater canoeing. A widely experienced adventure guide, she has led climbs on Mt. McKinley, in the Swiss Alps, and in the Himalayas. She has guided raft and kayak trips down the Colorado, Green, and Rio Grand rivers and bicycle trips in Europe and New Zealand.
Jim Lustig, MS, outdoor programs coordinator and adjunct professor at San Diego State University, coauthored chapter 7. Lustig has been leading and guiding hiking and backpacking trips professionally since 1984. He thru-hiked the entire 2,100-mile Appalachian Trail in 1982.
Scott A. Robertshaw, MS, coauthored chapter 5. He is director of the experiential learning center at Colorado State University at Pueblo. He has been teaching for 10 years in camps, schools, and a wilderness program and has been hiking and backpacking for over 15 years.