For the first time, the most influential readings in the field of sport and exercise psychology are compiled here in one volume. Essential Readings in Sport and Exercise Psychology contains the most exciting, innovative, and diverse theoretical orientations and research perspectives generated in the first hundred years of this growing field. In this book, readers will find abridged versions of 50 readings that provide a concise reference to the history, growth, development, and future directions of the field.
The book is written by an all-star cast of sport psychologists—all leading professionals from around the world who have been included in a variety of literature reviews and used as references in numerous sport psychology lectures. From the first research article in the field by Norman Triplett in 1898 to papers regarding the more recent challenges of professional practice in the field, the selections in this compilation are the backbone of sport and exercise psychology. Readers will learn about the development and application of commonly used instruments, such as the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-II, the Group Environment Questionnaire, and the Sport Imagery Questionnaire. This book contains one of Coleman Griffith’s influential early writings, Rainer Martens’ explorations of science and practice, Ken Ravizza’s pioneering work on peak experience, and Robin Vealey’s investigation of psychological skills training. These readings are only a few examples of the depth and richness of the content contained in this single volume.
The field couldn’t be more ready for this first-ever compilation of key readings. The diverse selection of writings is a sign of the field’s maturity, and each reading provides valuable context to the progress of exercise and sport psychology. Professionals interested in the development of the subdiscipline will find this text to be an excellent single-volume reference of the important primary research documenting the evolution of the field.
Anyone with a passion for sport psychology will benefit from this groundbreaking text. Sport psychology students will gain a solid background for future studies by reviewing proven primary research from the field’s biggest names and gain an understanding of how various lines of study have evolved. Experienced scholars and practitioners will enjoy the convenience of having seminal articles all in one essential reference. Instructors will save time by using this inclusive single volume rather than searching for key articles individually.
The 50 essential readings in the landmark text are organized in a logical structure that mirrors the path of many texts in the field. Introductions to each part and article orient the reader to the topic being discussed. Part I establishes the historical foundation of sport and exercise psychology. Part II addresses personal factors that affect our understanding of sport and exercise behavior. Part III focuses on environmental and situational factors that affect athletic behavior. Part IV emphasizes the importance of understanding group processes. Part V examines various concepts associated with performance enhancement. Part VI explores the influence psychological factors have on exercise, health, and wellness. Part VII studies how psychological development, growth, and well-being occur and may be facilitated as consequences of sport and exercise participation. The final section, part VIII, examines professional issues critical to any developing academic organization.
Essential Readings in Sport and Exercise Psychology highlights the creativity and growth in the field and shows how the field will continue to evolve by viewing these readings as the building blocks for a brighter future. There is no better text for understanding the dynamic field of sport and exercise psychology and why it has matured so dramatically and quickly.
Part I: Understanding the Historical Foundations
1. The Dynamogenic Factors in Pacemaking and Competition Norman Triplett
2. The Relation of Strength of Stimulus to Rapidity of Habit Formation Robert M. Yerkes and John D. Dodson
3. Getting Ready to Coach Coleman Griffith
4. America’s First Sport Psychologist Walter Kroll and Guy Lewis
5. About Smocks and Jocks Rainer Martens
Part II: Understanding Individual Differences Among Sport Participants
6. The Trait Psychology Controversy William P. Morgan
7. Emotions and Athletic Performance: Individual Zones of Optimal Functioning Model Yuri L. Hanin
8. A Multidimensional Theory of Competitive State Anxiety Rainer Martens, Damon Burton, Robin S. Vealey, Linda A. Bump, and Daniel E. Smith
9. Motivation in Sport Settings: A Goal Perspective Approach Joan L. Duda
10. Does the Iceberg Profile Discriminate Between Successful and Less Successful Athletes? A Meta-Analysis Allan J. Rowley, Daniel M. Landers, L. Blaine Kyllo, and Jennifer L. Etnier
11. Personality and Intellectual Capabilities in Sport Psychology Gershon Tenenbaum and Michael Bar-Eli
Part III: Understanding Sport and Exercise Environments
12. Peak Experiences in Sport Kenneth Ravizza
13. Cooperative Games: Systematic Analysis and Cooperative Impact T.D. Orlick, Jane McNally, and Tom O'Hara
14. Behavioral Research and Intervention in Youth Sports Ronald E. Smith and Frank L. Smoll
15. Factors Influencing the Occurrence of Flow State in Elite Athletes Susan A. Jackson
16. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation in Sport: Toward a Hierarchical Model Robert J. Vallerand and Stéphane Perrault
Part IV: Understanding Group Processes
17. Team Performance Outcome and the Cohesiveness of Competitive Coacting Groups Daniel M. Landers and Günther Lüschen
18. Cohesiveness and Performance in Sport Groups Diane L. Gill
19. Dimensions of Leader Behavior in Sports: Development of a Leadership Scale Packianathan Chelladurai and S.D. Saleh
20. The Development of an Instrument to Assess Cohesion in Sport Teams: The Group Environment Questionnaire Albert V. Carron, W. Neil Widmeyer, and Lawrence R. Brawley
21. Building Bridges for Disengagement: The Transition Process for Individuals and Teams Steven J. Danish, Susanna S. Owens, Scott L. Green, and John P. Brunelle
Part V: Enhancing Performance
22. The Arousal–Performance Relationship Revisited Daniel M. Landers
23. The Effects of Mental Practice on Motor Skill Learning and Performance: A Meta-Analysis Deborah L. Feltz and Daniel M. Landers
24. The Application of Sport Psychology for Performance Optimization Daniel Gould and Robert C. Eklund
25. Mental Training With Children for Sport and Life Terry Orlick and Nadeane McCaffrey
26. The Coleman Roberts Griffith Address: Three Myths About Applied Consultancy Work Lew Hardy
27. Imagery Use by Athletes: Development of the Sport Imagery Questionnaire Craig R. Hall, Diane E. Mack, Allan Paivio, and Heather A. Hausenblas
28. Reliability and Validity of the Attentional and Interpersonal Style (TAIS) Inventory Concentration Scales Robert M. Nideffer
29. Self-Confidence and Sports Performance Deborah L. Feltz
30. Future Directions in Psychological Skills Training Robin S. Vealey
31. Effect of Goal Difficulty, Goal Specificity and Duration of Practice Time Intervals on Muscular Endurance Performance Michael Bar-Eli, Gershon Tenenbaum, Joan S. Pie, Yaacov Btesh, and Asher Almog
Part VI: Enhancing Health and Well-Being
32. Toward a Cognitive-Affective Model of Athletic Burnout Ronald E. Smith
33. A Model of Stress and Athletic Injury: Prediction and Prevention Mark B. Andersen and Jean M. Williams
34. Historical and Conceptual Roots of Exercise Psychology W. Jack Rejeski and Amy Thompson
35. Increasing Physical Activity: A Quantitative Synthesis Rod K. Dishman and Janet Buckworth
36. Psychological Effects of Endogenous Testosterone and Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids Michael S. Bahrke
37. Social Influence and Exercise: A Meta-Analysis Albert V. Carron, Heather A. Hausenblas, and Diane E. Mack
38. Exercise Motivation Across the Life Span Stuart J.H. Biddle
Part VII: Facilitating Psychological Growth and Development
39. Coach Effectiveness Training: A Cognitive-Behavioral Approach to Enhancing Relationship Skills in Youth Sport Coaches Ronald E. Smith, Frank L. Smoll, and Bill Curtis
40. Understanding Attrition in Children’s Sport Daniel Gould
41. Sport as a Context for Developing Competence Steven J. Danish, Albert J. Petitpas, and Bruce D. Hale
42. Can Sports Build Character? David Light Shields and Brenda Light Bredemeier
43. Toward a Multidimensional Definition of Sportsmanship Robert J. Vallerand, Paul Deshaies, Jean-Pierre Cuerrier, Nathalie M. Briere, and Luc G. Pelletier
44. “That’s What Friends Are For”: Children’s and Teenagers’ Perceptions of Peer Relationships in the Sport Domain Maureen R. Weiss, Alan L. Smith, Marc Theeboom
Part VIII: Understanding Professional Issues
45. Science, Knowledge, and Sport Psychology Rainer Martens
46. Critical Issues Confronting the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology John M. Silva III, David E. Conroy, and Samuel J. Zizzi
47. Applied Sport Psychology: Issues and Challenges Robert S. Weinberg
48. The Coleman Roberts Griffith Address: Toward the Integration of Theory, Research, and Practice in Sport Psychology Albert V. Carron
49. Ethical Beliefs and Behaviors in Applied Sport Psychology: The AAASP Ethics Survey Albert J. Petitpas, Britton W. Brewer, Patricia M. Rivera, and Judy L. Van Raalte
50. Certification in Sport and Exercise Psychology Samuel Zizzi, Leonard Zaichkowsky, and Frank M. Perna
A primary text for seminar and graduate courses in sport and exercise psychology; a supplemental text for undergraduate courses in sport and exercise psychology; a reference and personal text for professionals.
Daniel Smith, PhD, has been an active sport psychology professional for 25 years. Currently he is instructional dean and professor at Cerritos College in Norwalk, California. Dr. Smith served as a sport psychology consultant and faculty member at the National Institute of Education at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. He is coauthor of the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory (CSAI-II). He was the first full-time sport psychologist in a major university athletic program, the University of Illinois. Smith has been a sport psychology consultant to professional sport teams, including the Chicago Bulls, Chicago White Sox, Indiana Pacers, and Buffalo Sabres.
Dr. Smith was on the executive board of the Asian-South Pacific Association of Sport Psychology and was a member of the National Association of Basketball Coaches. He earned a PhD in physical education and sport psychology from the University of Illinois.
He has published extensively in the field of sport psychology and is a certified consultant of the Association for Applied Sport Psychology, where he has an international reputation in this field of study. He has also conducted performance-enhancement workshops for East Singaporean, German, Russian, Japanese, Swedish, French, and Taiwanese elite coaches and athletes.
Michael Bar-Eli is a professor in the department of business administration, and Nat Holman chair in sports research, at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel. He studied psychology and sociology at universities in Israel and Germany. Bar-Eli has published more than 135 international refereed journal articles and book chapters as well as numerous publications in Hebrew and has served as associate editor and section editor of leading sport psychology journals. He held senior psychology positions in the Israel Defense Forces and is psychological consultant to elite athletes and teams in various sports. Bar-Eli is senior vice president of ASPASP (Asian-South Pacific Association of Sport Psychology).
"This is a useful compilation that provides a rich context and historical background for understanding the field."