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This landmark book delivers into your hands the work and thinking of two long-standing authorities in biochemical monitoring whose work has not been widely available in the West—until now.
Biochemical Monitoring of Sport Training expands the knowledge base in the field and paints a full and detailed picture of why and how biochemical monitoring is done. Those seeking scientific information to select and apply the best biochemical methods to monitor sport training need look no further—it’s all here.
There are other books available on the subject, but Biochemical Monitoring of Sport Training is the only one that provides a combined package of theory and application. It provides in-depth explanations of what happens biochemically while athletes perform and it offers practical suggestions for how to actually biochemically monitor athletes yourself.
Part I includes a discussion of why biochemical monitoring of training is necessary and the opportunities it presents for both coaches and athletes.
Part II examines methodological limitations of studies in this area.
Part III presents how to apply biochemical methods to monitor training in the real world.
An essential reference and course text for exercise scientists, researchers, and elite-level coaches, Biochemical Monitoring of Sport Training provides access to the tools you need to optimize training and improve performance in a variety of sports.
Part I. The Purpose of Biochemical Monitoring of Training
Chapter 1. Introduction: Necessity and Opportunity
• Historial Remarks
• Principles and Design of Training Monitoring
Chapter 2. Metabolic Adaptation in Training
• Cellular Adaptation’s Role in Training-Induced Changes
• Adaptive Protein Synthesis
• Metabolic Control
• Acute and Long-Term Adaptation
• Improved Metabolic Control
Part II. Tools for Biochemical Monitoring of Training
Chapter 3. Metabolites and Substrates
• Muscle Biopsy
• Blood Metabolites
• Oxidative Substrates in Blood
• General Remarks
Chapter 4. Methodology of Hormone Studies
• General Methodological Considerations
• Interpreting Results
Chapter 5. Hormones As Tools for Training Monitoring
• Pituitary-Adrenocortical system
• Pancreatic Hormones
• Growth Hormone and Growth Factors
• Thyroid Hormones
• Hormones Regulating Water and Electrolyte Balance
• Sex Hormones
• Endogenous Opioid Peptides
• Summarizing Conclusions
Chapter 6. Hematological and Immunilogical Indices and Water- Electrolyte Balance
• Hematological Indices
• Immunological Indices
• Water and Electrolyte Equilibrium
• Part II conclusions
Part III. Actualization of Biochemical Monitoring of Training
Chapter 7. Information of Training-Induced Effects
• Muscle Energetics and Exercise Classification
• Anaerobic Energetics
• Aerobic Energetics
• Monitoring Energy Production Mechanisms
• Assessing Other Training Effects
Chapter 8. Evaluating Training Loads
• Training Session Workout
• Training Microcycles
Chapter 9. Assessing Adaptivity Changes for Optimizing Training Strategies
• Adaptivity Changes in Training
• Hormonal and Metabolic Changes During a Training Year
• Altering Immune Activities During a Training Year
• Special Phenomena of Top-Level Sport
About the Authors
Reference for exercise scientists and physiologists, sports medicine specialists, researchers, graduate students, coaches, and athletes
Atko-Meeme Viru, PhD, DSc, is a professor emeritus specializing in exercise physiology at the University of Tartu in Estonia. His investigations examine both the fundamental problems and applied questions related to the foundations of training monitoring. He earned a PhD from the University of Tartu in Estonia and a DSc from the Academy of Sciences of Estonia.
Mehis Viru, PhD, is a senior reseacher, head of the Laboratory of Sports Physiology, and the chair of coaching studies at the University of Tartu in Estonia. His main research areas are training monitoring, overtraining, and metabolic-hormonal adaptation to exercise and training. Dr. Viru has spent 15 years monitoring the training of Estonian elite athletes in different sport events. He studied and worked for four years at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, one of the world's leading medical institutes. Dr. Viru earned a PhD from the University of Tartu in Estonia.