Learn more about Wheelchair Sport, a new book from HK
Wheelchair sport can increase confidence and self-esteem, and it may provide people with a positive outlook on life. There is a wheelchair sport for almost everyone who wants to participate and for any level of expertise, from novice through to Paralympic competition.
Many people find it difficult to relate to someone who has a physical disability. This lack of understanding can create additional challenges for people with disabilities. If society responded more adequately to people who have impairments, they would not experience nearly as many challenges and limitations
Wheelchair Sport helps coaches, teachers, and athletes at all levels maximize training and performance. It covers training principles as they apply to wheelchair athletes and sport-specific drills and tactics for basketball, rugby, tennis, racing, and hand cycling. It also provides insight into the psychology of working with wheelchair athletes.
People who use wheelchairs have a greater opportunity than ever before to be physically active. Scientific research continues to refine knowledge about maximizing training for those with spinal cord injuries; cutting-edge adaptive technology continues to afford more innovative and efficient movement possibilities; and opportunities for recreation and sport for athletes at all levels, from novice to expert, continue to expand worldwide.
Wheelchair Sport provides coaches, practitioners, and athletes with the information they need to compete and succeed in wheelchair sports. Written by top coaches, athletes, sport scientists, and specialists in sports medicine and physical therapy who work with wheelchair athletes, this resource offers
an explanation of the physiological differences between able-bodied and disabled athletes and the physiological adaptations that result from training;
guidelines for training that are customized to wheelchair athletes’ unique needs, including strength and conditioning, nutrition and hydration, and mental wellness;
tips on the practical aspects of competing in wheelchair sports, such as optimizing chair set-up and preparing for travel; and
expert guidance in developing top-notch training programs for athletes at all skill levels.
This book will help coaches and athletes understand the many benefits of wheelchair sports and maximize training for their chosen sport. Top coaches and athletes, including Dame Tanni Grey-Thompson and Peter Norfolk, offer advice on improving performance and delivering optimal support for wheelchair athletes.
Each chapter in part I delves into sport science issues as they affect wheelchair athletes, providing practical tips for athletes and coaches along the way. These chapters focus on physiological considerations, strength and conditioning, body composition and nutrition, and medical and practical concerns related to traveling and chair configuration.
Part II offers tactics and drills for tennis, rugby, basketball, racing, and hand cycling. Each chapter presents background information on the sport, tactical advice, and drills that will help athletes improve training and performance in competition. These chapters also include sport-specific training programs.
In addition, Wheelchair Sport helps readers understand the psychology of working with wheelchair athletes and describes the coaching attributes required for successful coaching of disabled athletes, from the novice level to the Paralympic level. Readers also gain insight into how the best wheelchair athletes became successful.
Wheelchair Sport equips coaches, teachers, and wheelchair athletes to develop their minds and bodies to their potential and enjoy their participation in sports.
Part I: Understanding Wheelchair Sport
Chapter 1. Introduction to Wheelchair Sport
Sean Tweedy and Nik Diaper
Spinal Cord Injury
Health-Related Effects of Wheelchair Sport
Sports for Wheelchair Athletes
Using Sport Knowledge for Athlete Profiling
Chapter 2. Sport Chair Set-Up and Selection
Hsin-yi Liu, Ian M. Rice, Justin Z. Laferrier, Rosemarie Cooper, Mike Boninger, MD, and Rory A. Cooper
Wheelchair Components and Accessories
Basic Wheelchair Set-Up
Sport-Specific Wheelchair Set-Up
Chapter 3. Physiology of Wheelchair Sport
Vicky Goosey-Tolfrey and Mike Price
Types of Training
Measuring Exercise Intensity and Fitness
Chapter 4. Strength and Conditioning for Wheelchair Sport
Andy Allford and Linda Mitchell-Norfolk
Unique Strength Training Needs of Wheelchair Athletes
Guidelines for Safe and Effective Training
Guidelines for Exercise Prescription
Strength Training Equipment
Free Weights Versus Fixed Resistance machines
Sample Training Programmes
Chapter 5. Nutrition and Body Composition
Tom Reilly and Jeanette Crosland
Eating to Train
Eating to Win
Chapter 6. The Traveling Athlete
Mike Price, Jeanette Crosland, and Nick Webborn MD
Medical Issues Related to Travel
Practical Concerns Related to Flying
Accommodations and Adaptations
Nutrition and Hydration When Travelling
Exercising in the Heat
Chapter 7. Psychological Aspects of Wheelchair Sport
Elisabeth Bressan and David Shearer
Getting Involved in Wheelchair Sport
Developing Athletes’ Sport Commitment
Understanding Psychological Aspects of Wheelchair Sport
Part II: Training for Wheelchair Sports
Chapter 8. Wheelchair Basketball
Power Start and Stop
Forward Partner Pulls
Backward Partner Pulls
Jump and Recover
Chapter 9. Wheelchair Racing
Dame Tanni Grey-Thompson and Ian Thompson
Skill and Fitness Training
Racing Tactics for Sprints
Racing Tactics for Endurance
Wheelchair Racing Rules
Chapter 10. Wheelchair Rugby
Kevin Orr and Laurie A. Malone
Game Play and Rules
Equipment Selection and Maintenance
Drills for Rugby Skill Development
Hot Seat Passing
Diamond in the Rough
Chapter 11. Wheelchair Tennis
Dawn Newbery, Geraint Richards, Stephanie Trill, and Martyn Whait
Ten Steps to the Top
Attack and Defence Drills
Returning Second Serve
Deep, Short, Deep, Short
Deep, Mid, Short
Hit Down the Line Off a Crosscourt Ball
Hit Crosscourt Off a Down-the-Line Ball
Down the Mountain
Park the Car
Through the Gate
Sprint, Slalom, Reverse
Chapter 12. Handcycling
Thomas Abel, Yves Vanlandewijck, and Joeri Verellen
Strength for Long and Intensive Routes
Cadence Versus Power
Steering, Braking, and Accelerating
Riding in Groups
About the Editor
About the Contributors
Resource for wheelchair athletes, coaches, teachers, and practitioners involved with wheelchair sports.
Vicky Goosey-Tolfrey, PhD,is a senior lecturer in exercise physiology and director of the Peter Harrison Centre for Disability Sport at LoughboroughUniversity in Leicestershire, UK. Her work in 1994 with Prof. Ian Campbell and Dame Tanni Grey-Thompson sparked her interest in disability sport, and she went on to earn her PhD in sport science from ManchesterMetropolitanUniversity five years later.
Dr. Goosey-Tolfrey attended the Atlanta 1996 and Sydney 2000 Paralympic Games with the Great Britain wheelchair racing and wheelchair basketball teams, respectively, and was the lead physiology consultant for the British Paralympic Association for the Athens 2004 and Beijing 2008 Games. In her leisure time, she enjoys being with her family, golfing, and watching films.