Therapeutic Modalities for Musculoskeletal Injuries, Third Edition, provides comprehensive coverage of evidence-based therapies for rehabilitation of athletic injury. The text goes beyond simply explaining how to apply each therapy by alsoaddressing why and when each modality would prove safe and effective.
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Therapeutic Modalities for Musculoskeletal Injuries, Third Edition, provides comprehensive coverage of evidence-based therapies for athletic injury rehabilitation. Part of Human Kinetics’ Athletic Training Education Series, the updated third edition presents the most current research regarding therapeutic modalities for athletic injuries and improves on previous editions through the alignment of the text’s content with the National Athletic Trainers’ Association (NATA) Athletic Training Educational Competencies. The result is a valuable resource for students preparing for NATA certification.
Therapeutic Modalities for Musculoskeletal Injuries, Third Edition, assists students and professionals in understanding the theoretical basis for and safe use of each modality. Readers will also find the text helpful in their research of the clinical literature to determine the effectiveness of each modality. In addition to explaining how to apply each therapy, this text addresses why and when each modality would prove safe and effective, providing readers with information for improved decision making regarding the utility of each modality in the injury management continuum.
Therapeutic Modalities for Musculoskeletal Injuries offers balanced coverage of the uses and abuses of modality treatments, allowing readers to evaluate and apply the most effective modalities for specific injuries. The third edition begins with a discussion of the physical and psychological aspects of injury and rehabilitiation, persistent and chronic pain and pain relief, and the impact of injury and pain on neuromuscular control. Following that is a presentation of evidence-based application of therapeutic modalities, including cryotherapy and superficial heat, electrotherapy, ultrasound, diathermy, electromagnetic fields, low-level laser therapy, and manual therapies. Suggested treatment plans for acute musculoskeletal injuries, clinical applications for neuromuscular control and biofeedback, and clinical management of persistent pain conclude the text.
Though specific treatment for individual problems is not prescribed, reference is made to specific guidelines, summary articles, and research articles for further study. In this way, the text encourages students and professionals to seek additional research in order to construct optimal treatment strategies and to support the clinical decisions they make.
Therapeutic Modalities for Musculoskeletal Injuries, Third Edition, offers a variety of learning aids to help students understand, apply, and review the content, including chapter objectives, practical scenarios, key points, key terms, sidebars, review questions, and references. To reinforce practical scenarios, summary boxes throughout the text provide at-a-glance highlights of how treatments are used. Instructors will find time-saving supplemental materials, including a fully updated instructor guide, test bank, and image bank, accessible online at www.HumanKinetics.com/TherapeuticModalitiesforMusculoskeletalInjuries.
Human Kinetics’ Athletic Training Education Series contains six textbooks, each with its own supporting instructional resources. Featuring the work of respected athletic training authorities, the series parallels and expounds on the content areas established by the NATA Education Council. To learn more about the books in this series, visit the Athletic Training Education Series Web site at www.HumanKinetics.com/AthleticTrainingEducationSeries.
Chapter 1. The Contemporary Use of Therapeutic Modalities
Legal Aspects of Therapeutic Modality Application: Practice Acts and Negligent Treatment
The Rehabilitation Plan of Care
Chapter 2. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation
Psychological Response to Injury
Maximizing Compliance With a Rehabilitation Plan of Care
Barriers to Successful Rehabilitation
Clinical Outcomes and Efficacy of Therapeutic Modalities
A Word About Placebo
Chapter 3. Tissue Injury, Inflammation, and Repair
Healing Tissues and Inflammation: An Overview
Acute Phase of the Inflammatory Response
Repair Phase of the Inflammatory Response
Maturation Phase of the Inflammatory Response
Chapter 4. Pain and Pain Relief
What is Pain?
Pain and the Physical Exam
Transmission of the Pain Sensation
Pain Control Theories
Chapter 5. Persistent Pain and Chronic Pain
Where and How Pain Sensitivity Increases
Sources of Persistent Pain
Chapter 6. Impact of Injury and Pain on Neuromuscular Control
Integration of Components of Neuromuscular Control Into a Rehabilitation Plan of Care
Why Is Neuromuscular Control Lost?
The Role of Therapeutic Modalities in Restoring Neuromuscular Control
Chapter 7. Evidence-Based Application of Therapeutic Modalities
The Need for Evidence-Based Practice
Tools Necessary for Assessing Outcomes
Finding and Assessing the Evidence
Beyond the RCT – Systematic Review and Practice Guidelines
Chapter 8. Cold and Superficial Heat
Cryotherapy and Cryokinetics
Heat and Cold: Contrast Therapy
Heat, Cold, and Contrast Therapy: Deciding What to Apply
Chapter 9. Principles of Electrotherapy
Basics of Electricity
Types of Electrical Current: Alternating, Direct, and Pulsatile
Parameters of Electrical Stimulation
Chapter 10. Clinical Uses of Electrical Stimulation
Pain Relief: Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation
Muscle Reeducation: Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulators
Iontophoresis and Stimulation of Denervated Muscle: Direct Current (DC) Stimulator
Wound Healing: Microcurrent Electrical Nerve Stimulator
Chapter 11. Ultrasound, Diathermy, and Electromagnetic Fields
Application of Acoustic Energy:Ultrasound
Efficacy of Ultrasound Therapy for Musculoskeletal Conditions
Application of Electromagnetic Energy: Diathermy and Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields
Efficacy of Diathermy and PEMF Therapy for Musculoskeletal Conditions
Stimulation of Fracture Healing
Chapter 12. Low-Level Laser Therapy
Properties of Laser Light
Laser Parameter Selection
Comparing Low-Level Laser Therapy Treatments
Biological Effects of Laser
Contraindications and Precautions
Chapter 13. Mechanical Energy
Is Manual Therapy Effective?
Traction and Intermittent Compression: Effective Therapies?
Chapter 14. Treatment Plans for Acute Musculoskeletal Injuries
Management in the Acute Stage: Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
Modalities Used in Addition to RICE
Chapter 15. Neuromuscular Control and Biofeedback
Volitional Control and Biofeedback
Clinical Applications: Restoring Control of Volitional Contraction
Clinical Applications: Functional Progression
Chapter 16. Clinical Management of Persistent Pain
Treating Persistent Pain
Diagnosis and Plan of Care Problems
Treating Chronic Pain
About the Authors
Text for students enrolled in athletic training courses and those preparing for NATA certification. Reference for athletic trainers, physical therapists, sports medicine specialists, and sport physiotherapists
Craig R. Denegar, PhD, ATC, PT, is a professor in the department of kinesiology and director of the doctor of physical therapy program at the University of Connecticut. He has more than 30 years of experience as an athletic trainer and extensive clinical practice experience related to persistent orthopedic pain. Denegar is a member of the National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA) and is the former vice chair of free communications on the NATA Research and Education Foundation: Research Committee. He is also a member of the American Physical Therapy Association and in 2003 was the recipient of the William G. Clancy Medal for Distinguished Athletic Training Research. In 2004, he received the Distinguished Merit Award from the Pennsylvania Athletic Trainers' Society.
Currently, Denegar serves as the senior associate editor and on the editorial board of the Journal of Athletic Training. He also serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Sport Rehabilitation.
In his spare time, Denegar enjoys playing soccer, cycling, and studying the history of the American West. He and his wife, Susan, live in Mansfield Center, Connecticut.
Susan Foreman Saliba, PhD, ATC, PT, is an assistant professor in the Curry School of Education at the University of Virginia at Charlottesville. She has over 20 years of clinical experience and has taught therapeutic modalities annually during that time. Susan is a member of both the NATA and the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) and has served on the NATA's Educational Executive Committee and the Free Communications Committee of the NATA Research and Education Foundation. She is currently conducting research on clinical application of therapeutic modalities.
Ethan Saliba, PhD, ATC, PT, has been teaching therapeutic modalities at the University of Virginia at Charlottesville for over 25 years. He is the head athletic trainer and associate athletics director for sports medicine, and he oversees 25 varsity sports. Saliba is a certified athletic trainer, licensed physical therapist, and sport-certified specialist who has written extensively on various aspects of athletic injuries and rehabilitation. Saliba was honored as the NATA Head Athletic Trainer of the Year in 2007.
Instructor guide. Specifically developed for instructors of Therapeutic Modalities for Musculoskeletal Injuries, Third Edition, the instructor guide includes chapter overviews, lecture outlines, and supplemental class activities.
Test package. Created with Respondus 2.0, the test package includes more than 590 questions in true-or-false, fill-in-the-blank, multiple-choice, essay, and short-answer formats. With Respondus, instructors can create versions of their own tests by selecting from the question pool, select their own test forms and save them for later editing or printing, and export the tests into a word-processing program.
Image bank. The image bank includes most of the figures, content photos, and tables from the text, sorted by chapter, that can be used in developing a customized presentation based on specific course requirements.