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Understanding the current physical activity guidelines for adults
This is a review of national health objectives and recommendations for physical activity and presents current information on public health guidelines for physical activity for adults, including a description of the most current U.S. guidelines for physical activity, contained in the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans.
Daily physical activity recommended for children and adolescents
It is imperative that children and adolescents are encouraged to participate in a variety of activities that reflect their developmental stage and are also enjoyable—the latter being key to participation.
Concentrated effort needed when planning community-wide campaigns
Community-wide campaigns involve many community sectors and partnerships, are large in scale and require high-intensity efforts with sustained high visibility, and use communication techniques to develop the physical activity campaign messages.
Promoting Physical Activity, Second Edition, has been fully updated to reflect advances made in this evolving field. It translates current research into accessible practice, laying out all the information you need to create a physical activity promotion program or intervention that meets your community’s needs. It provides an overview of recommended interventions and a flexible blueprint for planning, implementing, and evaluating programs in any community setting.
Motivating people to get moving for health and wellness just got easier with Promoting Physical Activity, Second Edition. This guide for community action offers the tools and information you need to help people get off the couch and on their way to healthy living. If you want to encourage your community or group members to hop on their bike, take the stairs, or walk the neighborhood, Promoting Physical Activity, Second Edition, is for you.
Whether you have just become interested in promoting physical activity or are experienced in health and wellness promotion but need new ideas to improve or expand existing programs, this user-friendly resource has the tools you need:
Information on the benefits of physical activity, such as obesity prevention and management of chronic disease, and goals and guidelines for physical activity that will help you make a case for your intervention programs
A practical overview of recommended evidence-based interventions with advice and examples that will help you carry out the interventions in your community
A flexible blueprint for planning, implementing, and evaluating programs in any community setting, whether alone or in partnership with other organizations
An extensive list of additional resources to assist you in planning interventions, including a directory of agencies and organizations interested in physical activity promotion, excerpts from the Surgeon General’s Report on Physical Activity and Health, and suggested readings for building your knowledge of physical activity promotion
Real-world examples, suggestions, and tips from a variety of settings to give you multiple perspectives on planning community-based interventions
The newly updated second edition of Promoting Physical Activity discusses emerging topics related to physical activity and public health with a renewed focus on community-wide physical activity interventions. You’ll find up-to-date summaries of the national health objectives and the latest physical activity recommendations for adults, children, and older adults, which can serve as a foundation for your programs. You’ll also find a more in-depth exploration of establishing partnerships in order to enhance the effectiveness and reach of your programs and an expanded discussion of program evaluation.
With Promoting Physical Activity, Second Edition, you don’t have to be an expert in physical activity promotion in order to succeed in getting people moving. The book translates current research into accessible practice, laying out all the information you need to create an intervention that meets your community’s needs. First you’ll look at why physical activity is important and how much activity is neeeded for general health. Then you’ll learn about three general approaches to promoting physical activity— informational, social and behavioral, and environmental and policy—as well as eight types of interventions that research shows are effective in group and community settings. This will help you choose the strategy or combination of strategies that works best for the people you want to reach.
Armed with this information, you’ll be ready to move on to program implementation and evaluation. In addition to the nuts and bolts of planning, you’ll explore topics such as creating effective partnerships, setting program objectives, and measuring program success.
Promoting Physical Activity: A Guide for Community Action, Second Edition, is an essential resource filled with advice, ideas, inspiration, and education to help you bring health and wellness to your community. It provides the information—both scientific and practical—to help you energize existing physical activity intervention programs and use physical activity as a pathway to improving the health and quality of life of those in your community.
Part I: Foundations for Physical Activity Promotion
Chapter 1: Health Benefits of Physical Activity
What Is Physical Activity?
What Is Physical Fitness?
Physical Activity and Energy Expenditure
Determinants of the Health Benefits of Physical Activity
Types of Physical Activity
Other Attributes of Physical Activity
Preventive Health Benefits of Physical Activity
Health Benefits of Physical Activity in Children
Prevention of Functional Limitations and Disability
Perspective on Physical Activity Risks
Chapter 2: Physical Activity Recommendations
Healthy People 2010: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives Related to Physical Activity and Physical Fitness
Physical Activity Recommendations for Adults—Historical Considerations
Overview of Current Physical Activity Guidelines for Adults
Current Physical Activity Guidelines for Adults
What’s New About the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines For Americans?
Physical Activity Recommendations for Older Adults—Historical Considerations
Current Physical Activity Guidelines for Older Adults
Physical Activity Recommendations for Children and Adolescents—Historical Considerations
Current Physical Activity Guidelines for Children And Adolescents
Part II: Approaches and Interventions for Changing Physical Activity Behavior
Chapter 3: Informational Approaches to Promoting Physical Activity
Chapter 4: Behavioral and Social Approaches to Promoting Physical Activity
Enhanced School-Based Physical Education
Individually-Adapted Behavior Change Interventions
Social Support Interventions in Community Settings
Chapter 5: Environmental and Policy Approaches to Promoting Physical Activity
Creation of or Enhanced Access to Places for Physical Activity Combined With Informational Outreach Activities
Community-Scale and Street-Scale Urban Design and Land Use Policies and Practices to Promote Physical Activity
Part III: Planning, Implementing, and Evaluating Your Intervention or Program
Chapter 6: Partnerships
Key Steps to an Effective Partnership
Step 1: Determine Whether a Partnership Is Necessary
Step 2: Determine Whether Potential Partners Have the Capacity and Interest to Support the Physical Activity Partnership
Step 3: Recruit Partners
Step 4: Establish Leadership
Step 5: Determine One or More Common Goals
Step 6: Determine the Partner’s Level of Involvement and Cooperation in the Partnership
Step 7: Define the Partnership’s Operational Structure
Step 8: Keep the Long-Term Goal in View
Step 9: Start with Reasonable Short-Term Objectives
Step 10: Evaluate the Partnership
Chapter 7: Program Planning and Evaluation
Part IV: Resources for Action
Appendix A. Physical Activity and Disability by James H. Rimmer, PhD Appendix B. Physical Activity Surveillance by Sandra A. Ham Appendix C. Physical Activity and Fitness (HP 2010 Progress Review) Appendix D. Physical Activity and Health: A Report of the Surgeon General (Executive Summary) Appendix E. Resources
About the Organization
About the Editors
A resource for state, territorial, tribal and local governments, and public health departments; transportation, health, and community planners; exercise specialists and health professionals; community groups; businesses; schools, colleges, and universities; parks and recreation agencies; social service organizations; and any other professionals or volunteers who wish to promote physical activity and healthier lifestyles in their community.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is the nation’s premier public health agency, working to ensure healthy people in a healthy world.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, is the primary federal agency for conducting and supporting public health activities in the United States. CDC’s focus is not only on scientific excellence but also on the essential spirit that is CDC—to protect the health of all people. CDC keeps humanity at the forefront of its mission to ensure health protection through promotion, prevention, and preparedness.
CDC’s, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity (DNPAO) is part of the CDC’s National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. DNPAO’s vision, mission, and goals are:
DNPAO’s vision – a world where regular physical activity, good nutrition, and healthy weight are part of everyone's life.
DNPAO’s mission – to lead strategic public health efforts to prevent and control obesity, chronic disease, and other health conditions though regular physical activity and good nutrition.
•Increase health-related physical activity through population-based approaches.
•Improve those aspects of dietary quality most related to the population burden of chronic disease and unhealthy child development.
•Decrease prevalence of obesity through preventing excess weight gain and maintenance of healthy weight loss.