The next skill in developing a feel for the water involves sculling (figure 2.3) and putting pressure on the water with both your hands and your forearms. Your hand position should be loose rather than rigid.
As land-based creatures, we cannot process oxygen out of water as fish do; therefore, we must find a way to breathe air while swimming. In freestyle, this need is met by rotating the head so that the mouth and nose are out of the water at a good time during the stroke cycle (figure 3.4), thus allowing the swimmer to breathe without interrupting his or her rhythm.
Set: 1. Stand at the front edge of the block with one foot forward and the toes curled over the edge. 2. Place your other foot at the back of the block. 3. Bend at your waist and bend your knees slightly to assume almost a crouched position.
Swimming: Steps to Success provides progressive instruction on
mastering the four basic strokes, starts, turns, and other aquatic
skills. Using detailed instruction, full-color photo sequences, drills,
and skill assessments, readers will learn to be confident and competent
If you are a member of the HK Rewards Program, when buying a new print edition of this book, you
will be granted the option for downloading the e-book edition at no additional charge. Learn more.
Be confident in the pool or open water with Swimming: Steps to Success. This proven program will help you master these techniques:
Starts and Turns
Step-by-step instruction and full color photos show basic arm and leg movements along with proper body position for each skill. Drills reinforce the instruction and help you practice each stroke. There’s even a scoring system for gauging success and determining readiness to advance to new skills.
Whether you’re instructing, learning to swim, or looking to improve your aquatic skills, Swimming: Steps to Success will let you develop at your own pace. Part of the highly successful Steps to Success Sport Series with more than 1.6 million copies sold, it’s your guide to in-water excellence.
Climbing the Steps to Swimming Success
The Sport of Swimming
Step 1 Floating
Step 2 Manipulating the Water
Step 3 Freestyle
Step 4 Backstroke
Step 5 Breaststroke
Step 6 Butterfly
Step 7 Turns
Step 8 Starts
Step 9 Open Water and Survival Swimming
Step 10 Continuing with Swimming
Scott Bay is an American Swimming Coaches Association (ASCA)
level 5 certified coach who has been actively coaching and teaching
swimming at various levels since 1986. His high school swimmers have
qualified for state meets and placed in the top 10 on many occasions. At
the masters level he currently coaches national champions,
all-Americans, and world-record holders who have swum more than 300 top
10 U.S. Masters Swimming (USMS) swims and achieved more than 30 world
records in just the past five years.
Throughout a career that includes coaching age-groupers, senior
swimmers, and triathletes, Bay has taught thousands how to swim or how
to swim better. He has written numerous articles on technique and
coaching in addition to being a major contributor to the revised USMS
and ASCA certification curriculum. He is a frequent presenter at clinics
across the United States and has presented at the prestigious ASCA World
Clinic for several years.
Coach Bay is the chair of the USMS Coaches Committee, head coach of YCF
Masters, and is a high-school level swimming coach.