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Written by James Watkins, an authority on functional anatomy, Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System, Second Edition, integrates anatomy and biomechanics to describe the intimate relationship between the structure and function of the musculoskeletal system. This unique reference thoroughly explores the biomechanical characteristics of musculoskeletal components and the response and adaptation of these components to the physical stress imposed by everyday activities. Following a systematic approach, Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System describes
• the basic composition and function of the musculoskeletal system;
• mechanical concepts and principles that underlie human movement;
• functional anatomy of the skeletal, connective tissue, articular, and neuromuscular systems;
• mechanical characteristics of musculoskeletal components;
• structural adaptation of musculoskeletal components; and
• the etiology of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries.
Also available as an e-book, the second edition of Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System features nearly 700 detailed, full-color illustrations showing key structures and biomechanical properties of the musculoskeletal system. Elementary biomechanical concepts are incorporated throughout the text, offering readers a more integrated understanding of how forces are created and relayed by the components of the musculoskeletal system.
The second edition of Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System also includes new information on the effects of aging on muscle function as well as a new appendix with illustrations of each muscle group and tables detailing the origin, insertion, and action of individual muscles. In addition, several new case studies illustrate the response and adaptation of the musculoskeletal system to exercise at various ages and in various situations. These case studies present current research and how the findings can be put to practical use in physical activity, competitive sport, rehabilitation, and activities of daily living.
Students new to anatomy or biomechanics will benefit from the book's reader-friendly structure featuring applied examples, summaries, review questions, references, an extensive subject index, and a glossary that runs parallel to the text. Learning objectives at the beginning of each chapter identify the key topics, and interesting facts and key points are set off within highlight boxes throughout the text. Highlighted introductory figures assist readers in understanding content as they refer to a sequence of subsequent figures while reading the text. Plus, nearly all the images from the text are included in an image bank that is free to instructors who adopt the text.
Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System, Second Edition, offers readers a clear conception of how the components of the musculoskeletal system coordinate to produce movement and continuously adapt their structure to the strain of everyday physical activity as well as the effects of aging. Illustrated with full-color detail, this unique resource will assist both future and current professionals in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders by enhancing their understanding of the relationship between the structure and function of the musculoskeletal system.
Part I. Functional Anatomy of the Musculoskeletal System
Chapter 1. The Musculoskeletal System
Unicellular and Multicellular Organisms
Cellular Organization in Multicellular Organisms
Composition and Function of the Musculoskeletal System
Chapter 3. Connective Tissues
Functions of Connective Tissues
Ordinary Connective Tissues
Chapter 4. The Articular System
Structural Classification of Joints
Stability-Flexibility Classification of Joints
Synovial Joint Classification
Flexibility, Stability, and Laxity in Synovial Joints
Chapter 5. Joints of the Axial Skeleton
Joints Between the Vertebrae
Degeneration and Damage in the Vertebral Column
Normal Shape of the Vertebral Column
Abnormal Curvature of the Vertebral Column
Joints of the Pelvis
Chapter 6. Joints of the Appendicular Skeleton
Joints and Joint Complexes
Chapter 7. The Neuromuscular System
Skeletal Muscle Structure
Muscle Fiber Structure and Function
Kinesthetic Sense and Proprioception
Mechanical Characteristics of Musculotendinous Units
Muscle Architecture and Function
Part II. Musculoskeletal Response and Adaptation to Loading
Chapter 8. Elementary Biomechanics
Mechanics and Biomechanics
Center of Gravity
Center of Pressure
Vector and Scalar Quantities
Moment of a Force
Chapter 9. Forces in Muscles and Joints
Selective Recruitment of Motor Units to Match Functional Requirements
Forces Acting on the Head in Upright Postures
Moment of External Forces Versus the Magnitude of Internal Forces
Forces About the Hip Joint in One-Leg Stance
Effect of Squat and Stoop Postures on Forces in the Lumbar Region
Swing and Stabilization Components of Muscle Force
Chapter 10. Mechanical Characteristics of Musculoskeletal Components
Stress-Strain Relationships in Solids
Work, Strain Energy, and Kinetic Energy
Viscosity and Viscoelasticity
Active and Passive Loading
Impact and Shock
Chapter 11. Structural Adaptation of the Musculoskeletal System
Biopositive and Bionegative Effects of Loading
Response and Adaptation of Musculoskeletal Components to Loading
Chapter 12. Etiology of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Injuries
Risk Factors for Musculoskeletal Disorders
About the Author
An undergraduate-level text for students in sport and exercise science, kinesiology, exercise physiology, biomechanics, or physiotherapy programs; also a reference for graduate students and professionals in the exercise science fields.
James Watkins, PhD, is a professor of biomechanics in the School of Human Sciences and director of the Sport and Exercise Science Research Centre at the Swansea University in Wales. Watkins spent over 20 years in Glasgow, Scotland, as a lecturer and researcher, and he served as the head of the department of physical education, sport and outdoor education at Jordanhill College and later at the University of Strathclyde, both in Glasgow.
Watkins’ main teaching and research specializations are musculoskeletal anatomy and the biomechanics of sport and exercise. He has authored over 80 publications, including three well-known textbooks (An Introduction to the Mechanics of Human Movement, 1983; this text, Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System; and An Introduction to Biomechanics of Sport and Exercise, 2007).
Watkins is a fellow of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences (BASES), a fellow of the Physical Education Association of the United Kingdom (PEAUK), and an honorary member of the Association for Physical Education (afPE). He is an advisory board member of the Journal of Sports Sciences and a former chair of the Biomechanics Section of BASES.
In 1975 Watkins received his PhD in biomechanics from the University of Leeds in England. He resides in Swansea, where he enjoys walking, playing golf, and reading about the history of science.
Image bank. Features most of the nearly 700 illustrations from the text, sorted by chapter. The images can be used for developing a customized presentation based on specific course requirements. A blank PowerPoint template is also provided, along with easy-to-follow instructions for quickly creating a presentation.
The image bank is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-0-7360-8385-0