Metabolism refers to all of the energy-requiring chemical reactions occurring inside your body. At any one time, trillions of reactions are going on inside of you, including the growth of new tissue, muscle contraction, and the breakdown of food for energy.
Recommendations for exercise during pregnancy have undergone significant modifications since 1985. Initial guidelines placed restrictions on exercise intensity and duration, limiting women to a heart rate of less than 140 beats per minute and restricting exercise to 15 minutes or less.
Although stress fractures and patellofemoral pain syndrome are the most common running-related injuries among women, other overuse injuries can occur in female runners, including iliotibial band syndrome, plantar fasciitis, and Achilles tendonitis. These injuries are common in both recreational and experienced runners who increase their training load too quickly.
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As best-selling author John Gray pointed out, men are from Mars and women are from Venus. There are obvious differences between women and men in anatomy, physiology, hormones, and metabolism. So why do most running books take a one-size-fits-all approach to training? Finally, here’s one that doesn’t.
Running for Women provides comprehensive information on training female runners based on their cardiovascular, hormonal, metabolic, muscular, and anatomical characteristics. In this authoritative guide, authors Jason Karp and Carolyn Smith answer the questions and tackle the topics women need to know:
The impact of the menstrual cycle on hydration, body temperature, metabolism, and muscle function
The most effective workouts for endurance, speed and strength, lactate threshold, and VO2max
How and when to train during the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and menopause
Preventing knee injuries, stress fractures, and other common running-related injuries
Avoiding the risks of the female athlete triad—disordered eating, osteoporosis, and menstrual irregularities
How to use sex differences to your advantage
Based on the latest research on estrogen, metabolism, and other sex-specific performance factors, Running for Women will change the way you fuel, train, and compete. If you are serious about running, this is one guide you must own.
Part I Physiology
Chapter 1 Performance Factors and Sex Differences Chapter 2 Menstrual Cycle, Hormones, and Performance Chapter 3 Pregnancy Chapter 4 Menopause Chapter 5 Older Runners
Part II Training
Chapter 6 Training Components Chapter 7 Base Building Chapter 8 Acidosis (Lactate) Threshold Training Chapter 9 Aerobic Power Training for VO2max Chapter 10 Speed and Strength Training Chapter 11 Building Your Training Program
Part III Health and Wellness
Chapter 12 Female Athlete Triad Chapter 13 Injuries and Female Runners Chapter 14 Performance Nutrition and Female Runners
Appendix: Evolution of Women’s Competitive Running
About the Authors
Jason Karp, PhD, is an exercise physiologist, a running and fitness expert, and the 2011 IDEA Personal Trainer of the Year. He offers science-based coaching to runners of all levels and consulting to coaches through his company, RunCoachJason. He is in demand as a presenter at numerous coaching, fitness, and academic conferences, including U.S. Track & Field and Cross Country Coaches Association, American College of Sports Medicine, American Society of Exercise Physiologists, and IDEA World Fitness Convention. Karp is also a prolific writer, with four books and more than 200 articles published in magazines, including Runner’s World, Running Times, Shape, Oxygen, Self, and Ultra-Fit.
Karp has enjoyed success coaching at high school, college, and club levels. He has taught USA Track & Field’s highest level of coaching certification and was an instructor at the USATF/U.S. Olympic Committee’s Emerging Elite Coaches Camp at the U.S. Olympic Training Center. The founder and coach of REVO2LT running team and a competitive runner himself, Dr. Karp is a USA Track & Field-certified coach and is sponsored by PowerBar as a member of PowerBar Team Elite.
Karp received his PhD in exercise physiology with a physiology minor from Indiana University in 2007, his master’s degree in kinesiology from the University of Calgary in 1997, and his bachelor’s degree in exercise and sport science with an English minor from Pennsylvania State University in 1995. Dr. Karp has taught exercise physiology and biomechanics at several universities and taught in the fitness certificate program at the University of California at Berkeley. He is currently an adjunct faculty member at Miramar College in San Diego, where he teaches applied exercise physiology.
Carolyn Smith, MD, is a family practice and sports medicine physician who serves as director of the student health service at Marquette University and head medical team physician for the department of intercollegiate athletics. She also maintains her teaching interests in her role as medical director for the athletic training education program.
After a postcollegiate career running shorter distances, Smith embraced ultrarunning in 2002 and has enjoyed success in distances ranging from the 50-mile run to the 24-hour run. She is a former 24-hour and 100K national champion. She has had the privilege of representing the United States on two 24-hour national teams (2005, 2007) and is a six-time 100K national team member (2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011).
As a runner, she is a national age-group record holder and a member of the 100-kilometer national ultramarathon team. In 2009, she held the fastest time in the world for the 50-mile ultramarathon and was ranked No. 1 in that event in the United States. She represented the United States for the sixth time in the 100-Kilometer World Cup, which was held in the Netherlands in 2011. In 2011 she set a national age-group record for the 12-hour run, finishing first among all participants in the FANS 12-hour ultramarathon in Minnesota, running 83 miles in 12 hours - more than 12 miles ahead of the second place finisher.
In addition to a medical degree from the University of Illinois, Smith holds a master’s degree from Northern Illinois University and a bachelor’s degree from the University of Wisconsin, both in exercise physiology. Following a faculty position with the St. Michael Hospital Residency Program in Milwaukee, and the Medical College of Wisconsin, Smith joined the Marquette University student health service in 2002.
"Using meticulous research, Karp and Smith have created a practical and intriguing masterpiece for female runners of all ages and abilities. Highly recommended!"
Lorraine Moller-- Boston Marathon Winner, Olympic Marathon Medalist, Cofounder of the Lydiard Foundation, Author of On the Wings of Mercury
“In Running for Women, Carolyn Smith and Jason Karp combine scientific research with realistic guidelines that all women can follow to combat the effects of aging.”
Meghan Arbogast-- Four-Time Qualifier to the Olympic Marathon Trials, Team USA Leader at World 100K Championships, World-Record Holder for 50+ Age Group in the 100K
“In Running for Women, Dr. Karp and Dr. Martin provide women and their coaches a clear path to success and enjoyment in training and racing."
Joe Compagni-- Director and Head Coach, Men's and Women's Track and Field and Cross Country Monmouth University