Compression garments may be beneficial to recovery process
While performance outcomes are often the central focus for any athlete or sport scientist, compression garments may have greater advantages to improve recovery following an exercise bout (Duffield, Cannon, and King 2010).
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In today’s competitive sport environment, discovering effective methods of facilitating optimal athletic performance is paramount to success. The recovery period is essential in maintaining athletes’ physical and psychological well-being and crucial in the pursuit of intense physical training and satisfying performances. Recovery for Performance in Sport presents techniques and modalities currently used to enhance athletes’ recovery, optimize training time, and avoid overtraining. Edited by members of l’Institut National du Sport, de l'Expertise et de la Performance (INSEP), Christophe Hausswirth, and Iñigo Mujika, the text encompasses the latest scientific research in the study of recovery and draws from the experience of applied sport scientists working with elite athletes in leading performance and recovery centers. Readers will find proven strategies for enhancing the recovery process and learn the importance of structuring an individualized and evidenced-based recovery plan for improving performance.
Appealing to a broad audience encompassing professionals, athletes, coaches, and students, Recovery for Performance in Sport provides a scientific base of information as well as specific elements that allow for practical application in the real world. More than 30 international professionals contributed to chapter content, including case studies of international athletes and coaches. These case studies complement the scientific explanations by bringing additional context to the discussion of safe recovery modalities and how to apply those concepts to specific sports. Cutting-edge research and techniques allow readers to maximize the recovery of their athletes by learning from the proven strategies of international experts.
Recovery for Performance in Sport is divided into four parts, each presenting scientific knowledge, practical applications, and related case studies. The first two parts focus on the physiology of optimal training, how to prevent overtraining, and how to peak for optimal performance. Part III is a discussion of current recovery modalities along with strategies for optimizing recovery through the combination of modalities. Focusing on recovery at the muscular level, this part discusses nutrition strategies, electrostimulation, compression, massage, and immersion procedures, among others.
Part IV of the text considers situations that offer unique variables to consider when choosing recovery techniques. Differences between men and women in postexercise recovery are detailed along with a current discussion of thermoregulatory responses and adaptations to exercise and heat stress. Consideration is also given to the interventions used to alleviate thermal strain and the limitations of various recovery strategies after exercise in the heat. The physiological responses to altitude exposure and its impact on performance and various factors related to recovery are also discussed along with practical recommendations to facilitate altitude adaptation and recovery.
Recovery is one of the least understood and most under-researched components of the exercise-adaptation cycle. Yet, the importance of the recovery period cannot be overstated considering that athletes spend more time in recovery than in active training and that many adaptations to training take place during the recovery period.The current knowledge and applied information featured in Recovery for Performance in Sport will assist readers in improving the recovery process to help athletes achieve easier adaptation to training loads, lower their risk of overload and injury, and ultimately improve athletic performance.
Part I: Fundamentals of Fatigue and Recovery Chapter 1. Physiology of Exercise Training Michael Lambert, PhD, Newlands, South Africa Iñigo Mujika, PhD, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
Training and Recovery
Chapter 2. Overtraining Syndrome Romain Meeusen, PhD, Brussels, Belgium
Continuum of Fatigue
Prevalence of Overtraining
Overtraining Syndrome Diagnosis Research
Assessment of Overtraining
Part II: Periodization and Managing Recovery Chapter 3. Overtraining Prevention Michael Lambert, PhD, Newlands, South Africa Iñigo Mujika, PhD, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
Models of Periodization
Monitoring Exercise Tolerance
Fitness and Fatigue Relationship
Chapter 4. Managing Active Recovery Yann Le Meur, PhD, Paris, France Christophe Hausswirth, PhD, Paris, France With: Thierry Blancon, Régis Mollard, Christian Palierne, Frédéric Sadys
Recovery Methods and Interval Work
Recovery Methods and Development of Aerobic Qualities
Active Recovery and Repeated Performances
Chapter 5. Psychological Aspects of Recovery Jean Fournier, PhD, Paris, France Nicolas Lemyre, PhD, Oslo, Norway With: Christophe Hausswirth, PhD
Effects of Poor Recovery
Motivation and Burnout
Engagement and Motivation Pattern
Evaluation Methods for Psychological Recovery
Part III: Strategies for Optimizing Recovery Chapter 6. Stretching Giuseppe Rabita, PhD, Paris, France Anne Delextrat, PhD, London, UK With: Cédric Lucas, Arnaud Daufrène, Frank Métais, Christophe Cozzolino
Types of Muscle Stretches
Physiology of Muscle Stretching
Effects of Stretching on Performance
Stretching and Recovery Research
Chapter 7. Hydration Christophe Hausswirth, PhD, Paris, France With: Véronique Rousseau, Éric Joussellin
Distribution of Water Loss During Exercise
Dehydration and Physical Performance
Dehydration and Mental Performance
Chapter 8. Nutrition Christophe Hausswirth, PhD, Paris, France With: Véronique Rousseau, Éric Joussellin
Protein Metabolism and Recovery
Combining Protein, Carbohydrate, and Leucine for Muscle Recovery
Branched-Chain Amino Acids and Postexercise Mental Performance
Sugar and Recovery
Coingestion of Carbohydrate and Protein
Chapter 9. Sleep Yann Le Meur, PhD, Paris, France Rob Duffield, PhD, Bathurst, Australia Melissa Skein, PhD, Bathurst, Australia
Stages of the Sleep Cycle
Physiology of Sleep Deprivation
Sleep Deprivation and Exercise Performance
Sleep Deprivation and the Perceptual State
Tryptophan and Sleep Cycles
Hyperhydration and Sleep Disturbances
Effects of Alcohol and Stimulants on Sleep Quality
Advantages of Napping
Chapter 10. Massage and Physiotherapy Antoine Couturier, PhD, Paris, France With: Yann Le Meur, PhD, Cécile Huiban, Marc Saunier, François-Xavier Férey
Physiological Effects of Massage
Massage and Recovery
Physiological Effects of Electrostimulation
Electrostimulation and Recovery
Chapter 11. Compression Garments Antoine Couturier, PhD, Paris, France Rob Duffield, PhD, Bathurst, Australia
Physiological Responses to Compression
Effects During Exercise Performance
Compression and Recovery
Chapter 12. Local Thermal Applications Sylvain Dorel, PhD, Paris, France With: Cédric Lucas, Lorenzo Martinez-Pacheco
Physiological Responses to Local Thermal Applications
Muscle Function and Performance Effects
Current Uses and Modes of Application
Chapter 13. Variations in Thermal Ambience Christophe Hausswirth, PhD, Paris, France With: François Bieuzen, Marielle Volondat, Hubert Tisal, Jacques Guéneron, Jean-Robert Filliard
Physiological Responses to Air Temperature
Humid-Heat Steam Room
Chapter 14. Water Immersion Therapy François Bieuzen, PhD, Paris, France With: Marielle Volondat, Marc Michnowski, Christophe Cozzolino
Physiological Responses to Water Immersion
Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage and Immersion
High-Intensity Exercise and Immersion
Part IV: Unique Considerations for Recovery Chapter 15. Gender Differences Christophe Hausswirth, PhD, Paris, France Yann Le Meur, PhD, Paris, France
Recovery and Maintenance of Energy Stores
Metabolic Responses After Brief, Intense Exercise
Chronic Fatigue and Daily Energy Balance
Recovery and the Musculoskeletal Regeneration Process
Targeted Recovery Strategies
Chapter 16. Temperature and Climate Frank E Marino PhD, Bathurst, Australia
Thermoregulation During Exercise
Exercise-Induced Hyperthermia and Performance
Reducing Thermal Strain and Improving Performance
Morphology and Heat Strain
Heat Stress and Exercise Recovery
Chapter 17. Recovery at Altitude Charles-Yannick Guézennec, PhD, Font- Romeu, France With: Nicolas Bourrel
Physiological Responses to Altitude Exposure
Effects of Altitude on Performance
Effects of Altitude on Recovery
Effects of Altitude on Body Composition, Nutrition Patterns, and Sleep
Reference for sport scientists, athletes, coaches, students, and strength and conditioning professionals; resource for athletic trainers and therapists, physical therapists, and physiotherapists in understanding how different modalities can be used to prevent injury, enhance recovery, and prevent reinjury.
Christophe Hausswirth, PhD, has been the senior physiologist at l’Institut National du Sport, de l'Expertise et de la Performance (National Institute of Sport, Expertise and Performance, or INSEP) since 1995 and is an associate professor and leader in recovery and nutrition guidelines in the research department. In 1996 he earned his PhD in biomechanics and physiology of human movement at the University of Orsay, France. In 2000 he earned his diploma in supervising research dealing with the energy cost of locomotion in long-duration sport events. He also serves on the scientific board of the International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance.
Hausswirth has performed extensive research on the physiological aspects of endurance sport performance by manipulating cadence in several sports. He has published more than 70 articles in peer-reviewed journals, 3 books, and 10 book chapters. He is responsible for running a mission providing clinical counseling and education of athletes, research, student supervision and teaching, development of educational resources, and organization of food service via fact sheets. His research interests include fluid needs for optimal performance; carbohydrate metabolism and performance of exercise in BMX cycling; pacing strategies in triathlon; recovery strategies in synchronized swimming, soccer, and handball players; precooling strategies for exercise in temperate and hot conditions; and postexercise recovery.
Iñigo Mujika, PhD, is an associate professor in the department of physiology, faculty of medicine and odontology, at the University of the Basque Country in Leioa, Spain. As a researcher, sport science practitioner, and coach, Mujika is widely considered one of the most respected experts on tapering and peaking for optimal performance.
Since 1992 Mujika has been devoted to the research of applied sport physiology. He has published 3 books, more than 80 peer-reviewed scientific articles, and 28 book chapters. He has also presented nearly 200 lectures on sport physiology and training at conferences and seminars worldwide.
As a sport physiologist, Mujika works closely with elite athletes and coaches in a variety of individual and team sports. From 2003 to 2004, Mujika was senior physiologist at the Australian Institute of Sport. In 2005, he worked as physiologist and trainer of the professional road bicycle racing team Euskaltel Euskadi. Between 2006 and 2008 Mujika was the head of the department of research and development for the Spanish professional football team Athletic Club Bilbao. In the lead-up to the London 2012 Olympics he was the physiologist of the Spanish swimming team. He is also a coach of world-class triathletes, including Olympians Ainhoa Murua (Athens 2004, Beijing 2008, and London 2012) and Eneko Llanos (Athens 2004).
Mujika serves as associate editor of the International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. In 1995 he earned a doctoral degree in biology of muscular exercise from the University of Saint-Etienne in France, and in 1999 he earned a second doctorate in physical activity and sport sciences along with an Extraordinary Doctorate Award from the University of the Basque Country in Spain. In 2002 and 2007 he received the National Award for Sport Medicine Research from the University of Oviedo in Spain. He has also received two awards for his work with triathletes: Best Coach of Female Athlete (2006) from the Spanish Triathlon Federation and the High Performance Basque Sport Award (2007) from the Basque Sport Foundation.
Fluent in four languages (Basque, English, French, and Spanish), Mujika has lived in California, France, South Africa, and Australia. He currently resides in the Basque Country, Spain. Mujika enjoys surfing, cycling, swimming, strength training, and hiking, as well as cinema and traveling.