Traditionally, exercise physiologists have recommended one of three regimens to improve aerobic power: continuous exercise at a moderate to high intensity; long, slow (low-intensity) exercise; or interval training.
Physiology of Sport and Exercise, Fifth Edition, offers comprehensive coverage of the relationship between human physiology and exercise. Updated in both content and design, this edition features revamped artwork that better illustrates how the body performs and responds to physical activity.
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The leading textbook for undergraduate exercise physiology courses, Physiology of Sport and Exercise, Fifth Edition With Web Study Guide, has been fully updated in both content and design.The authors, all distinguished researchers and past presidents of the American College of Sports Medicine, combine their expertise to deliver superior technical content while maintaining the accessible, reader-friendly format that has made this textbook a favorite of instructors and students alike.
The fifth edition has been redesigned to enhance its visual appeal and provide students with an improved learning experience. Completely revamped photos, illustrations, and medical artwork offer a higher level of detail and clarity to better illustrate how the body performs and responds to physical activity. The text has been carefully designed to reinforce the impact of the new artwork, thereby facilitating students’ comprehension of the topics covered.
In addition to the improved artwork, Physiology of Sport and Exercise, Fifth Edition, features new and updated content based on the latest research in the field, including the following:
A complete rewrite of the chapters on resistance training, including updated strength training principles based on the 2009 ACSM position stand and new sections on core strength, stability training, and high-intensity interval training (HIT)
A full update and reorganization, based on instructors’ feedback, of the chapters on metabolism and hormonal control to aid students’ comprehension of these complex systems
New content on lactic acid as a fuel source, muscle cramps, childhood obesity, substrate utilization and endocrine response to exercise, and vascular aging
Updated coverage of central and peripheral cardiac functions, the female athlete triad, and the menstrual cycle
New research on effects of physical activity on health, including the addition of international data on the incidence of cardiovascular disease and obesity
Ease of reading and understanding has been the cornerstone of this popular text. The fifth edition of Physiology of Sport and Exercise continues to offer comprehensive coverage of the complex relationship between human physiology and exercise while maintaining an engaging and student-friendly tone. Unique learning features allow students to build their knowledge as they discover the depth and breadth of this fascinating field of study. The book’s accessible layout, including chapter-opening outlines and review boxes found throughout each chapter, will help students focus on the major concepts addressed. Study questions and a list of key terms at the end of the chapter increase students’ opportunities for recall and self-testing. A comprehensive glossary and lists of common abbreviations and conversions provide easy reference for students as they complete labs and assignments.
To facilitate a more integrated learning experience, both students and instructors can take advantage of the web-based ancillaries that accompany the fifth edition of Physiology of Sport and Exercise. The web study guide offers new learning activities that complement each chapter in the book, and study guide reminders prompt students when to access the study guide to practice, review, and develop their understanding of chapter concepts.
Students can also use the guide’s dynamic and interactive learning activities to expand learning beyond a typical lab situation. Key concepts are reinforced as students work with interactive versions of select artwork from the book and apply their knowledge of exercise physiology to real-world scenarios. In addition, the study guide offers access links to scientific and professional journals as well as organization and career information.
One convenient web address gives instructors access to an updated instructor guide, presentation package, image bank, and test package. The presentation package includes PowerPoint slides with key points and content, which can be modified to suit a variety of class structures. The image bank features all of the graphics, artwork, and content photos from the text for easy insertion into tests, quizzes, handouts, and other course materials. Both the test package and instructor guide include resources and teaching aids designed to decrease lecture and test preparation time and increase pedagogical effectiveness.
Physiology of Sport and Exercise, Fifth Edition, stands alone as the best, most comprehensive resource framing the latest research findings in a reader-friendly format. This winning combination makes it easier—and more engaging—than ever for students to develop their understanding of the body’s marvelous abilities to perform various types and intensities of exercise and sport, to adapt to stressful situations, and to improve its physiological capacities.
Student and Instructor Resources
An Introduction to Exercise and Sport Physiology
Focus of Exercise and Sport Physiology
Acute and Chronic Responses to Exercise
The Evolution of Exercise Physiology
Research: The Foundation for Understanding
Part I. Exercising Muscle
Chapter 1. Structure and Function of Exercising Muscle
Functional Anatomy of Skeletal Muscle
Skeletal Muscle and Exercise
Chapter 2. Fuel for Exercise: Bioenergetics and Muscle Metabolism Substrates
Controlling the Rate of Energy Production
Storing Energy: High-Energy Phosphates
The Basic Energy Systems
Interaction Among the Energy Systems
The Oxidative Capacity of Muscle
Chapter 3. Neural Control of Exercising Muscle
Structure and Function of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Chapter 4. Hormonal Control During Exercise
The Endocrine System
Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones: An Overview
Hormonal Regulation of Metabolism During Exercise
Hormonal Regulation of Fluid and Electrolytes During Exercise
Chapter 5. Energy Expenditure and Fatigue
Measuring Energy Expenditure
Energy Expenditure at Rest and During Exercise
Fatigue and Its Causes
Part II. Cardiovascular and Respiratory Function
Chapter 6. The Cardiovascular System and Its Control
Chapter 7. The Respiratory System and Its Regulation
Transport of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide in the Blood
Gas Exchange at the Muscles
Regulation of Pulmonary Ventilation
Chapter 8. Cardiorespiratory Responses to Acute Exercise
Cardiovascular Responses to Acute Exercise
Respiratory Responses to Acute Exercise
Part III. Exercise Training
Chapter 9. Principles of Exercise Training
General Principles of Training
Resistance Training Programs
Anaerobic and Aerobic Power Training Programs
Chapter 10. Adaptations to Resistance Training
Resistance Training and Gains in Muscular Fitness
Mechanisms of Gains in Muscle Strength
Resistance Training for Special Populations
Chapter 11. Adaptations to Aerobic and Anaerobic Training
Adaptations to Aerobic Training
Adaptations to Anaerobic Training
Specificity of Training and Cross-Training
Part IV. Environmental Influences on Performance
Chapter 12. Exercise in Hot and Cold Environments
Body Temperature Regulation
Physiological Responses to Exercise in the Heat
Health Risks During Exercise in the Heat
Acclimation to Exercise in the Heat
Exercise in the Cold
Physiological Responses to Exercise in the Cold
Health Risks During Exercise in the Cold
Chapter 13. Exercise at Altitude
Environmental Conditions at Altitude
Physiological Responses to Acute Altitude Exposure
Exercise and Sport Performance at Altitude
Acclimation: Prolonged Exposure to Altitude
Altitude: Optimizing Training and Performance
Health Risks of Acute Exposure to Altitude
Part V. Optimizing Performance in Sport
Chapter 14. Training for Sport
Optimizing Training: A Model
Tapering for Peak Performance
Chapter 15. Body Composition and Nutrition for Sport
Body Composition in Sport
Nutrition and Sport
Chapter 16. Ergogenic Aids and Sport
Researching Ergogenic Aids
Part VI. Age and Sex Considerations in Sport and Exercise
Chapter 17. Children and Adolescents in Sport and Exercise
Growth, Development, and Maturation
Body Composition: Growth and Development of Tissues
Physiological Responses to Acute Exercise
Physiological Adaptations to Exercise Training
Motor Ability and Sport Performance
Chapter 18. Aging in Sport and Exercise
Height, Weight, and Body Composition
Physiological Responses to Acute Exercise
Physiological Adaptations to Exercise Training
Chapter 19. Sex Differences in Sport and Exercise
Body Size and Composition
Physiological Responses to Acute Exercise
Physiological Adaptations to Exercise Training
Part VII. Physical Activity for Health and Fitness
Chapter 20. Prescription of Exercise for Health and Fitness
Health Benefits of Exercise: The Great Awakening
Monitoring Exercise Intensity
Exercise and Rehabilitation of People With Diseases
Chapter 21. Cardiovascular Disease and Physical Activity
Forms of Cardiovascular Disease
Understanding the Disease Process
Determining Individual Risk
Reducing Risk Through Physical Activity
Risk of Heart Attack and Death During Exercise
Exercise Training and Rehabilitating Patients With Heart Disease
Chapter 22. Obesity, Diabetes, and Physical Activity
About the Authors
Textbook for undergraduate courses in exercise physiology. A reference for graduate students in exercise science, exercise scientists, sports medicine specialists, physicians, athletic trainers, kinesiotherapists, sport physical therapists, physical educators, and fitness specialists.
W. Larry Kenney, PhD, is a professor of physiologyand kinesiology at Pennsylvania State University in University Park, Pennsylvania. He received his PhD in physiology from Penn State in 1983. Working at Noll Laboratory, Kenney is currently researching the effects ofaging and elevated cholesterol on the control of blood flow in human skin and has been continuously funded by NIH since 1983. He has also studied the effects of heat, cold, and dehydration on various aspects of health, exercise, and athletic performance as well as the biophysics of heat exchange between humans and the environment. He is the author of some 200 papers, books, book chapters, and other publications.
Kenney served as president of the American College of Sports Medicine from 2003 to 2004. He is a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine and of the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education and a member of the American Physiological Society.
For his service to the university and his field, Kenney has been awarded Penn State University’s Faculty Scholar Medal, the Evan G. and Helen G. Pattishall Distinguished Research Career Award, and the Pauline Schmitt Russell Distinguished Research Career Award. He was awarded the American College of Sports Medicine’s New Investigator Award in 1987 and the Citation Award in 2008.
Kenney has been a member of the editorial and advisory boards for several journals, including Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Current Sports Medicine Reports (inaugural board member), Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, the Journal of Applied Physiology, Human Performance, Fitness Management, and ACSM’s Health & Fitness Journal (inaugural board member). He is also an active grant reviewer for the National Institutes of Health and many other organizations. He and his wife, Patti, have three children, all of whom are or were college athletes: Matt (Cornell football), Alex (Penn State football and track), and Lauren (Penn State track).
Jack H. Wilmore, PhD, is the Margie Gurley Seay Centennial professor emeritus in the department of kinesiology and health education at the University of Texas at Austin. He retired in 2003 from Texas A&M University as a distinguished professor in the department of health and kinesiology. From 1985 to 1997, Wilmore was the chair of the department of kinesiology and health education and the Margie Gurley Seay Endowed Centennial professor at the University of Texas at Austin. Prior to that, he served on the faculties at the University of Arizona, the University of California, and Ithaca College. Wilmore earned his PhD in physical education from the University of Oregon in 1966.
Wilmore has published 53 chapters, more than 320 peer-reviewed research papers, and 15 books on exercise physiology. He was one of five principal investigators for the Heritage Family Study, a large multicenter clinical trial investigating the possible genetic basis for the variability in the responses of physiological measures and risk factors for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes to endurance exercise training. Wilmore’s research interests have included determining the role of exercise in the prevention and control of both obesity and coronary heart disease, determining the mechanisms accounting for alterations in physiological function with training and detraining, and factors limiting the performance of elite athletes.
A former president of the American College of Sports Medicine, Wilmore was the recipient of the American College of Sports Medicine’s Honor Award in 2006. In addition to serving as chair for many ACSM organizational committees, Wilmore served on the United States Olympic Committee’s Sports Medicine Council and chaired their Research Committee. He is currently a member of the American Physiological Society and a fellow and former president of the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education. Wilmore has served as a consultant for several professional sports teams, the California Highway Patrol, the President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sport, NASA, and the U.S. Air Force. He has also served on several journal editorial boards.
In his free time, Wilmore enjoys Bible study, running, walking, and playing with his grandchildren. He and his wife, Dottie, have three daughters (Wendy, Kristi, and Melissa) and sons-in-law and seven grandchildren.
David L. Costill, PhD, is the emeritus John and Janice Fisher chair in exercise science at Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana. He established the Ball State University Human Performance Laboratory in 1966 and served as its director for over 32 years.
Costill has written and coauthored more than 425 publications over the course of his career, including 6 books and articles in both peer-reviewed and lay publications. He served as the original editor in chief of the International Journal of Sports Medicine for 12 years. Between 1971 and 1998, he averaged 25 U.S. and international lecture trips each year. He was president of the ACSM from 1976 to 1977, a member of its board of trustees for 12 years, and a recipient of ACSM Citation and Honor Awards. Many of his former students are now leaders in the field of exercise physiology.
Costill received his PhD in physical education and physiology from Ohio State University in 1965. He and his wife, Judy, have two daughters, Jill and Holly. In his leisure time, Costill is a private pilot, auto and experimental airplane builder, competitive masters swimmer, and ex-marathon runner.
Supplementary Instructional Materials
All ancillary materials for this text are FREE to course adopters and available online at www.HumanKinetics.com/PhysiologyOfSportAndExercise.
Instructor guide. Includes sample lecture outlines, key points, and student assignments for every chapter in the text, along with sample laboratory exercises, and direct links to a wide range of detailed sources on the Internet. Test package. Features a bank of more than 1,600 questions, including true-or-false, fill-in-the-blank, essay and short-answer, and multiple-choice. The test package is available for use through multiple formats, including a learning management system, Respondus, and rich text.
Presentation package. Includes 1,171 PowerPoint slides of text, photos, and artwork from the book that instructors can use for class discussion and illustration. The slides in the presentation package can be used directly within PowerPoint or be printed to make transparencies or handouts for distribution to students. Instructors can easily add, modify, and rearrange the order of the slides as well as search for slides based on key words.
Image bank. Includes all of the improved illustrations and artwork, content photos, and tables from the text, sorted by chapter. For the fifth edition, the image bank has been separated from the presentation package to make it easier to use and provide instructors with greater flexibility when creating their own resources, including customized presentations, handouts, and other course resources.
The presentation package and image bank is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-1-4504-1400-5.
Art animations, also included in the web study guide, bring 18 images and figures from the text to life, providing a dynamic new way to experience course material. Instructors will be able to stream all animations in a single playlist, or access individually to allow display of a specific graphic.
Web study guide. Includes dynamic and interactive learning activities. These activities can be conducted outside the lab and include activity feedback that helps students find the correct information. A Key Terms activity is included in each chapter to reinforce the important terms introduced in the text. The online chapters include quizzes that test students’ knowledge of the material, and the resources section of the study guide includes links to professional journals as well as information on organizations and careers to extend students’ knowledge beyond the school environment. Art animations bring 18 images and figures from the text to life, providing a dynamic new way to experience course material. The study guide also includes a glossary of terms used in the text.