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Physical Activity and Obesity, Second Edition, addresses an array of topics that explore and divulge the links between physical activity (or inactivity) and obesity. Leading scientists from various backgrounds team up to provide an unrivaled resource examining the latest research and developments in the field. Each chapter provides researchers and practitioners with a clear explanation of the concepts, research techniques, and results of studies critical to understanding physical activity and the obesity epidemic.
In the 10 years since the first edition of this book was published, the field of physical activity and obesity has mushroomed with new research, sparking the need for not only a new edition but an innovative and refreshing approach to the contents. Editors Bouchard and Katzmarzyk create a go-to resource with 89 succinct, authoritative chapters that may be used independently or as a complete text. Packed with the most up-to-date information linking obesity and physical activity, this comprehensive book
delves into areas of uncertainty and controversy instead of avoiding them or skirting the issues;
emphasizes, where appropriate, the underlying mechanisms between physical activity and obesity; and
points to research areas that need further exploration and attention.
The nine parts of the book flow logically and address obesity in all populations, including children and adults of various backgrounds, ethnicities, and social classes. An overview of the methods used in assessing the levels of sedentary behavior and physical activity is given, followed by a global view of the problem of physical inactivity and obesity. Readers will learn about the key determinants of physical activity levels and obesity and the links between a sedentary lifestyle and the risk of obesity. Other topics examined include behavioral and environmental correlates and determinants of obesity, the relationship between low physical activity energy expenditure and obesity risk, clinical implications, and policy and research issues related to physical activity and obesity.
Physical Activity and Obesity, Second Edition, helps readers better understand the role of physical activity in the overall energy balance equation. The unique format, expert contributors, and complete references make this resource indispensable for researchers, health and exercise practitioners, and students studying the ever-expanding topic of obesity as it relates to physical activity.
Part I. Definition and Assessment of Physical Activity and Obesity
Chapter 1. Introduction Claude Bouchard and Peter T. Katzmarzyk Chapter 2. The Physical Activity and Exercise Continuum Darren Warburton Chapter 3. Assessing the Level of Sedentarism Mark S. Tremblay Chapter 4. Assessing the Level of Physical Activity in Adults Barbara E. Ainsworth Chapter 5. Assessing the Level of Physical Activity in Children Russell E. Pate Chapter 6. Assessment of Obesity in Adults George A. Bray Chapter 7. Assessment of Obesity in Children John H. Himes Chapter 8. The Limitations of Self-Report in Physical Activity and Obesity Research Richard P. Troiano
Part II. Prevalence and Cost Issues
Chapter 9. The Prevalence of Adult Physical Inactivity Around the World Wendy J. Brown Chapter 10. The Prevalence of Childhood Physical Inactivity Around the World Chris Riddoch Chapter 11. The Prevalence of Adult Obesity Around the World W. Philip T. James Chapter 12. The Economic Cost of Obesity Peter T. Katzmarzyk Chapter 13. The Prevalence of Childhood Obesity Around the World Tim Lobstein Chapter 14. The Economic Cost of Physical Inactivity Ian Janssen Chapter 15. The Cost-Benefit Relationship of Physical Activity Interventions for Obesity Larissa Roux
Part III. Determinants of Physical Activity Levels
Chapter 16. Biological Regulation of Physical Activity Level Catherine M. Kotz Chapter 17. Genetics and Physical Activity Level Tuomo Rankinen Chapter 18. Epigenetic or Programming Effects on Physical Activity Level Mark Vickers Chapter 19. Socioeconomic Position and Physical Activity Levels Lise Gauvin Chapter 20. Ethnic Differences in Physical Activity Level Robert L. Newton, Jr. Chapter 21. Psychological Factors and Physical Activity Level Rod K. Dishman Chapter 22. Effects of the Built Environment on Physical Activity Level James F. Sallis
Part IV. Physical Activity and Risk of Obesity
Chapter 23. Sedentary Time and the Risk of Obesity in Adults Ross Andersen Chapter 24. Sedentary Time and the Risk of Obesity in Children Steven L. Gortmaker Chapter 25. Physical Activity Level and the Risk of Obesity in Adults John M. Jakicic Chapter 26. Physical Activity Level and the Risk of Obesity in Children Margarita S. Treuth Chapter 27. Childhood Physical Activity and Risk of Adult Obesity Robert M. Malina Chapter 28. Childhood Obesity and Risk of Adult Obesity Francois Trudeau Chapter 29. Physical Activity and Risk of Obesity in Older People Wendy M. Kohrt Chapter 30. Physical Fitness and Risk of Obesity Steven N. Blair Chapter 31. The Interaction of Diet and Physical Activity on Obesity Tom Baranowski
Part V. Physical Activity and Biological Determinants of Obesity
Chapter 32. Physical Activity Level and Resting Metabolic Rate Angelo Tremblay Chapter 33. Physical Activity Level and Thermic Effect Of Food Yves Schutz Chapter 34. Physical Activity Level and Substrate Oxidation Rates Steven R. Smith Chapter 35. Physical Activity Level and Sympathetic Nervous System Activity Ian Macdonald Chapter 36. Physical Activity Level and Adipose Tissue Biology Isabelle de Glisezinski Chapter 37. Physical Activity Level and Leptin Biology David J. Dyck Chapter 38. Physical Activity Level and Hypothalamic Peptides Christopher D. Morrison Chapter 39. Physical Activity Level and Gut Peptides Stephen C. Woods Chapter 40. Physical Activity Level and Thyroid Hormones Anthony C. Hackney Chapter 41. Physical Activity Level and the HPA Axis Denis Richard Chapter 42. Physical Activity Level and Skeletal Muscle Biology David A. Hood Chapter 43. Postexercise Energy Expenditure Elizabet Borsheim Chapter 44. Genetics of Obesity Ruth J.F. Loos Chapter 45. Epigenetic Effects on Obesity Peter Nathanielsz
Part VI. Physical Activity, Behavioral and Environmental Determinants of Obesity
Chapter 46. Physical Activity Level and Sleep Shawn D. Youngstedt Chapter 47. Physical Activity Level and Occupational Work David R. Bassett, Jr. Chapter 48. Physical Activity Level and Mode of Transportation Catrine Tudor-Locke Chapter 49. Effects of the Built Environment on Obesity Neville Owen Chapter 50. Socioeconomic Status and Obesity Youfa Wang Chapter 51. Physical Activity Level and Dietary Intake Conrad Earnest
Part VII. Physical Activity in the Prevention and Treatment of Obesity
Chapter 52. Physical Activity in the Prevention of Weight Gain Mikael Fogelholm Chapter 53. Physical Activity for Weight Loss Robert Ross Chapter 54. Physical Activity Versus Diet-Induced Weight Loss Joseph Donnelly Chapter 55. Role of Physical Activity in Pharmacological Weight Loss Frank Greenway Chapter 56. Role of Physical Activity in Surgical Weight Loss Paul O’Brien Chapter 57. Physical Activity and Depot-Specific Fat Loss Victor Katch Chapter 58. Physical Activity, Visceral Fat, and Ectopic Fat Deposition Bret Goodpaster Chapter 59. Physical Activity, Weight Loss, and Maintenance of Lean Mass Steven Heymsfield Chapter 60. Physical Activity for Weight Loss Maintenance Rena Wing Chapter 61. Physical Activity and Weight Control During Pregnancy Michelle Mottola Chapter 62. Physical Activity and Postpartum Weight Loss Cheryl Lovelady Chapter 63. Physical Activity and Birth Weight Johan G. Eriksson Chapter 64. Physical Activity and Body Composition in Children Bob Gutin
Part VIII. Clinical Implications
Chapter 65. Physical Activity and Mortality Rates in Obesity Kevin R. Fontaine Chapter 66. Physical Activity and Impaired Glucose Tolerance in Obesity Markku Laakso Chapter 67. Physical Activity and Type 2 Diabetes in Obesity Edward S. Horton Chapter 68. Physical Activity and Hypertension in Obesity James M. Hagberg Chapter 69. Physical Activity and Heart Disease in Obesity Timothy Church Chapter 70. Physical Activity and Stroke in Obesity Janice Eng Chapter 71. Physical Activity and Endothelial Dysfunction in Obesity Christopher A. DeSouza Chapter 72. Physical Activity and Inflammation in Obesity Mark Hamer Chapter 73. Physical Activity and Depression in Obesity Adrian H. Taylor Chapter 74. Physical Activity and Breast Cancer in Obesity Kerry S. Courneya Chapter 75. Physical Activity and Colon Cancer in Obesity I-Min Lee Chapter 76. Physical Activity and Other Cancers in Obesity Roy Shephard Chapter 77. Physical Activity, Obesity, and Metabolic Syndrome Mercedes R. Carnethon Chapter 78. Physical Activity and Musculoskeletal Disorders in Obesity Jennifer M. Hootman Chapter 79. Physical Activity and Risk of Falls in Obese Elderly Teresa Liu Ambrose Chapter 80. Adverse Events of Physical Activity in Obese Persons Kenneth E. Powell Chapter 81. Physical Activity and CVD Risk Profile in Obese Children Lars Bo Andersen Chapter 82. Physical Activity and Risk of Diabetes in Obese Children Louise Baur
Part IX. Policy and Research Issues
Chapter 83. Global Policy Initiatives Related to Physical Activity and Obesity Timothy Armstrong Chapter 84. The Role of Government in the Promotion of Physical Activity Art Salmon Chapter 85. Community-Based Physical Activity Programs to Address Obesity W. Kerry Mummery Chapter 86. School-Based Physical Activity Programs to Address Obesity Chantal Simon Chapter 87. The Role of Industry in the Promotion of Physical Activity John C. Peters Chapter 88. Mass Media Approaches to Addressing Physical Inactivity and Obesity Adrian Bauman Chapter 89. Physical Activity and Obesity Research: Looking to the Future Peter T. Katzmarzyk and Claude Bouchard
Reference for exercise physiologists, obesity specialists, sport nutritionists, sports medicine specialists, fitness specialists, and government agencies concerned with public health.
Claude Bouchard, PhD, is executive director of the Pennington Biomedical Research Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. For more than 40 years he has researched the role of physical activity on physiology, metabolism, and health indicators, taking into account genetic uniqueness. He also has authored or coauthored more than 1,000 scientific publications, and he served as president of the International Society for the Study of Obesity from 2002 to 2006. He also has served as president of the Canadian Society for Applied Physiology and has directed the Physical Activity Sciences Laboratory at Laval University, Quebec City, Canada, for over 20 years.
Dr. Bouchard has received numerous awards over the years, including the TOPS award from the North American Association for the Study of Obesity in 1998 and the Albert Creff Award in Nutrition of the National Academy of Medicine of France in 1997.
Peter T. Katzmarzyk, PhD, is a professor and the associate executive director for Population Science at the Pennington Biomedical Research Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He holds the Louisiana Public Facilities Authority endowed chair in nutrition. His main research interest is the epidemiology and public health impact of obesity and physical inactivity, and determining the relationships between physical activity, physical fitness, obesity, and related disorders such as metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes.
Dr. Katzmarzyk has published his research findings in more than 190 scholarly journals and books, and he regularly participates in the scientific meetings of several national and international organizations. He is currently an editorial board member for the International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, Journal of Physical Activity and Health, and Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders.