Guiding research for the direction and development of grade-level outcomes
In reviewing the current literature in physical education, the task force identified several areas as critical to the direction and development of grade-level outcomes: motor skill competency, student engagement and intrinsic motivation, instructional climate, gender differences, lifetime activity approach and physical activity.
The goal of the National Standards & Grade-Level Outcomes for K-12 Physical Education is to develop physically literate individuals who are confident in their abilities and knowledge so that they will become lifelong movers.
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National Standards & Grade-Level Outcomes for K-12 Physical Education focuses on measurable outcomes, empowering physical educators to help students become physically literate individuals. Created by SHAPE America this text presents the new SHAPE America National Standards for K-12 Physical Education, which have been retooled to support students’ holistic development.
This is the third iteration of the National Standards for K-12 Physical Education, and this latest version features two prominent changes:
The term "physical literacy" underpins the standards. It encompasses the three domains of physical education (psychomotor, cognitive, and affective) and considers not only physical competence and knowledge but also attitudes, motivation, and the social and psychological skills that students need to develop to attain physical literacy.
Grade-Level Outcomes support the National Standards. These measurable outcomes are organized by level (elementary, middle, and high school) and by standard. They provide a bridge between SHAPE America's National Standards and K-12 physical education curriculum development and make it easy for teachers to assess and track student progress across grades, resulting in physically literate students.
In developing the Grade-Level Outcomes, SHAPE America focused on motor skill competency, student engagement and intrinsic motivation, instructional climate, gender differences, lifetime activity approach, and physical activity. All outcomes are written to align with the standards and with the intent of fostering lifelong physical activity. National Standards & Grade-Level Outcomes for K-12 Physical Education presents the standards and outcomes in ways that will help preservice teachers and current practitioners plan curricula, units, lessons, and tasks. The text also:
empowers physical educators to help students meet the Common Core State Standards;
allows teachers to see the new standards and the scope and sequence for outcomes for all grade levels at a glance in a colorful, easy-to-read format; and
provides administrators, parents, and policy makers with a framework for understanding what students should know and be able to do as a result of their physical education instruction.
The result is a text that teachers can use confidently in creating and enhancing high-quality programs that prepare students to be physically literate and active their whole lives.
Section I. Exploring the National Standards & Grade-Level Outcomes
Chapter 1. Developing a Curriculum Framework
Key Changes to the Standards
Application of Findings
Chapter 2. National Standards for K-12 Physical Education
Grade-Level Outcomes for Middle School (Grades 6-8)
Operational Definitions of Activity Categories
Chapter 5. High School-Level Outcomes (Grades 9-12)
Guidance for Using High School Outcomes
Outcomes for High School (Grades 9-12)
Operational Definitions of Activity Categories
Section II. Implementing the Outcomes
Chapter 6. Outcomes Skills & Knowledge Across Grade Levels
Scope & Sequence for K-12 Physical Education
Chapter 7. Teaching for Content and Skill Mastery
Defining Deliberate Practice
The Role of Feedback and Deliberate Practice
Creating a Mastery Climate
Chapter 8. Evidence of Student Learning
The Goal of Assessment
Guidelines for Developing Assessments
Chapter 9. Resources for Teaching the Standards & Outcomes
Using Technology to Teach the Standards & Outcomes
Choosing the Right Technology
SHAPE America Resources for Teaching to the Standards & Outcomes
About the Chapter 9 Contributors
About the Authors
Text for higher education students taking physical education and
education classes. Reference for K-12 PE teachers, PE directors, and
SHAPE America — Society of Health and Physical Educators (formerly
AAHPERD) — is the largest organization of physical educators in the
country, with close to 20,000 members. SHAPE America created the
first-ever K-12 physical education national standards; developed the
Let’s Move in School public awareness campaign to increase physical
activity before, during, and after school; and originated the Shape of
the Nation Report, which reviews the status of physical education across
the United States. Among its many partners, SHAPE America works with the
Alliance for a Healthier Generation, the American Heart Association, The
Cooper Institute, First Lady Michelle Obama’s Let’s Move! initiative,
and the President’s Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition.