NSCA’s Essentials of Personal Training, Second Edition, is
the authoritative text for personal trainers, health and fitness
instructors, and other fitness professionals as well as the primary
preparation source for those taking the NSCA-CPT exam.
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Comprehensive and research based, the second edition of NSCA's Essentials of Personal Training is the resource to rely on for personal training information and guidance. With state-of-the-art knowledge regarding applied aspects of personal training as well as clear explanations of supporting scientific evidence, NSCA’s Essentials of Personal Training, Second Edition, is also the authoritative preparation text for those preparing for the National Strength and Conditioning Association’s Certified Personal Trainer (NSCA-CPT) exam.
This essential reference was developed by the NSCA to present the knowledge, skills, and abilities required for personal trainers. With contributions from leading authorities in the field, the text will assist both current and future personal trainers in applying the most current research to the needs of their clients:
A discussion on nutrition outlines the role of the personal trainer in establishing nutrition guidelines, including the application of nutrition principles for clients with metabolic concerns.
The latest guidelines on client assessment from prominent organizations—such as the American Heart Association (AHA) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)—keep personal trainers up to speed on the latest assessment protocols.
New information is presented on flexibility training and cardiovascular exercise prescription as well as a discussion of research on the effectiveness of stability ball training.
Revised information on design of resistance training programs incorporates the latest information on the application of periodization of training.
New information addressing injuries and rehabilitation prepares personal trainers to work with clients with special concerns such as orthopedic conditions, low back pain, ankle sprains, and hip arthroscopy.
New guidelines for determining resistance training loads will assist those whose clientele includes athletes.
A variety of fitness testing protocols and norms allows readers to select from several options to evaluate each component of fitness.
A new instructor guide and image bank aid instructors in teaching the material to students.
NSCA’s Essentials of Personal Training, Second Edition, focuses on the complex process of designing safe, effective, and goal-specific resistance, aerobic, plyometric, and speed training programs. Featuring over 200 full-color photos with accompanying technique instructions, this resource offers readers a step-by-step approach to designing exercise programs with special attention to the application of principles based on age, fitness level, and health status. Using comprehensive guidelines and sample clients portrayed in the text, readers can learn appropriate ways to adjust exercise programs to work with a variety of clients while accommodating each client’s individual needs.
Personal trainers will appreciate the book’s presentation of detailed exercise programming guidelines for specific populations. Modifications and contraindications to exercise are given for prepubescent youth, older adults, and athletes as well as for clients who are overweight or obese or have eating disorders, diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, hyperlipedimia, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, and cerebral palsy. In addition, the book provides clear, easy-to-understand guidelines for initial client consultation and health appraisal.
For those preparing for the NSCA-CPT exam, this second edition features new and revised study questions at the end of each chapter. These questions are written in the same style and format as those found on the NSCA-CPT exam to fully prepare candidates for exam day. For efficient self-study, answers to study questions and suggested solutions for the applied knowledge questions are located in the back of the text. Chapter objectives and key points provide a framework for study and review of important information, while sidebars throughout the text present practical explanations and applications of scientific concepts and theory.
The second edition of NSCA’s Essentials of Personal Training is the most comprehensive resource available for current and future personal trainers, exercise instructors, fitness facility and wellness center mangers, and other fitness professionals. Unmatched in scope, this text remains the leading source for personal training preparation and professional development.
Part I. Exercise Sciences
Chapter 1. Structure and Function of the Muscular, Nervous, and Skeletal Systems
The Muscular System
The Nervous System
The Skeletal System
Chapter 2. Cardiorespiratory System and Gas Exchange
Cardiovascular Anatomy and Physiology
Chapter 3. Bioenergetics
Substrate Depletion and Repletion
Oxygen Uptake and the Aerobic and Anaerobic Contributions to Exercise
Practical Application of Energy Systems
Chapter 4. Biomechanics
Biomechanics of Human Movement
Muscular Control of Movement
Biomechanics of Resistance Exercise
Chapter 5. Resistance Training Adaptations
Basic Adaptations to Resistance Training
Factors That Influence Adaptations to Resistance Training
Chapter 6. Physiological Responses and Adaptations to Aerobic Endurance Training
Acute Responses to Aerobic Exercise
Chronic Adaptations to Aerobic Exercise
Factors That Influence Adaptations to Aerobic Endurance Training
Chapter 7. Nutrition in the Personal Training Setting
Role of the Personal Trainer Regarding Nutrition
Who Can Provide Nutrition Counseling and Education?
Evaluating Weight Loss Diets
The Art of Making Dietary Recommendations
Chapter 8. Exercise Psychology for the Personal Trainer
Mental Health Aspects of Exercise
Methods to Motivate a Client
Part II. Initial Consultation and Evaluation
Chapter 9. Client Consultation and Health Appraisal
Purpose of Consultation and Health Appraisal
Preparticipation Health Appraisal Screening
Evaluation of Coronary Risk Factors, Disease, and Lifestyle
Interpretation of Results
Chapter 10. Fitness Assessment Selection and Administration
Purposes of Assessment
Choosing Appropriate Assessments
Assessment Case Studies
Administration and Organization of Fitness Assessments
Interpretation and Review of Results
Chapter 11. Fitness Testing Protocols and Norms
Part III. Exercise Technique
Chapter 12. Flexibility, Body Weight, and Stability Ball Exercises
Flexibility Training as Part of the Total Exercise Program
Benefits of Flexibility Training
Factors Affecting Flexibility
Elasticity and Plasticity
Types of Flexibility Training
Recommended Flexibility Routine and Guidelines
Body Weight and Stability Ball Exercises
Flexibility, Body Weight, and Stability Ball Exercises
Chapter 13. Resistance Training Exercise Techniques
Fundamental Exercise Technique Guidelines
Spotting Resistance Training Exercises
Resistance Training Exercises
Chapter 14. Cardiovascular Training Methods
Training on Cardiovascular Machines
Nonmachine Cardiovascular Exercise Techniques
Part IV. Program Design
Chapter 15. Resistance Training Program Design
General Training Principles
Initial Fitness Consultation and Evaluation
Determination of Training Frequency
Training Load: Resistance and Repetitions
Training Volume: Repetitions and Sets
Sample Programs for Targeted Training Outcomes
Chapter 16. Aerobic Endurance Training Program Design
Specificity of Aerobic Endurance Training
Components of an Aerobic Endurance Training Program
Types of Aerobic Endurance Training Programs
Chapter 17. Plyometric and Speed Training
Plyometric Mechanics and Physiology
When to Use Plyometric Exercise
Plyometric Program Design
Speed Training Mechanics and Physiology
Speed Training Safety Considerations
Combining Plyometrics and Speed Training With Other Forms of Exercise
Plyometric and Speed Drills
Part V. Clients With Unique Needs
Chapter 18. Clients Who Are Preadolescent, Older, or Pregnant
Chapter 19. Clients With Nutritional and Metabolic Concerns
Overweight and Obesity
Chapter 20. Clients With Cardiovascular and Respiratory Conditions
Health Screening and Risk Stratification
Myocardial Infarction, Stroke, and Peripheral Vascular Disease
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Chapter 21. Clients With Orthopedic, Injury, and Rehabilitation Concerns
Impact of Injury on Function
Tissue Healing Following Injury
Orthopedic Concerns and the Personal Trainer
Chapter 22. Clients With Spinal Cord Injury, Multiple Sclerosis, Epilepsy, and Cerebral Palsy
Spinal Cord Injury
Chapter 23. Resistance Training for Clients Who Are Athletes
Factors in Program Design
Periodization of Resistance Training
Linear and Nonlinear Models of Periodized Resistance Training
Part VI. Safety and Legal Issues
Chapter 24. Facility and Equipment Layout and Maintenance
Facility Design and Planning
Facility Specification Guidelines
Selecting Exercise Equipment
Floor Plan and Equipment Organization
Special Considerations for a Home Facility
Facility and Equipment Maintenance
Chapter 25. Legal Aspects of Personal Training
Claims and Litigation
Fitness Industry Response to Claims and Litigation
Claims in Health and Fitness Activities
Records and Documentation
The authoritative resource for personal trainers, exercise instructors,
fitness facility and wellness center managers, and other fitness
professionals, as well as the primary preparation source for the
NSCA-Certified Personal Trainer examination.
Founded in 1978, the National Strength and Conditioning Association
(NSCA) is an international nonprofit educational association with
members in over 56 countries. Drawing on its vast network of members,
the NSCA develops and presents the most advanced information regarding
strength training and conditioning practices, injury prevention, and
Unlike any other organization, the NSCA brings together a diverse group
of professionals from the sport science, athletic, allied health, and
fitness industries. By working to find practical applications for new
research findings in the strength and conditioning field, the
association fosters the development of strength training and
conditioning as a discipline and as a profession.
Jared W. Coburn, PhD, CSCS,*D, FNSCA, FACSM, is a professor of
kinesiology at California State University at Fullerton, where he has
earned numerous awards for teaching and research excellence. Before
entering the world of academia, Coburn worked as a personal trainer,
strength and conditioning coach, and director of physical therapy
clinics and fitness and wellness centers. His interest in applying
scientific principles to the training of clients and athletes is based
largely on his experience as a practitioner.
Coburn has published widely and frequently lectures on topics related to
exercise training. He is particularly interested in studying muscle
function during strength, power, and endurance exercises and has
presented his work in peer-reviewed journals and textbook chapters.
Coburn is an active member of the National Strength and Conditioning
Association, where he has held membership since 1984. He holds
bachelor’s and master’s degrees from California State University at
Fullerton and a PhD from the University of Nebraska at Lincoln.
Coburn lives with his wife, Tamara, and their two children in Norco,
Moh H. Malek, PhD, CSCS,*D, NSCA-CPT,*D, FNSCA, FACSM, is an
associate professor in the College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences and
director of the Integrative Physiology of Exercise Laboratory at Wayne
State University in Detroit, Michigan.
Malek conducts research in both human and animal models examining the
underlying mechanisms of muscle fatigue. In 2010, Malek received the
NSCA’s Terry J. Housh Outstanding Young Investigator of the Year Award.
Malek has published over 60 peer-reviewed papers related to exercise
physiology and has presented his research at the NSCA National
Conference since 2004. Since 2007, he has served as associate editor of
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. He also serves on the
editorial board of Medicine & Science in Sport & Exercise. Malek
received his bachelor’s degrees in biology and psychology from Pitzer
College, his master’s degree in kinesiology from California State
University at Fullerton, and a PhD in exercise physiology from the
University of Nebraska at Lincoln.
Malek and his wife, Bridget, reside in Northville, Michigan. In his free
time, Malek enjoys watching football, fitness training, and reading.
Instructor guide. Provides chapter summaries; sample lecture outlines; ideas for assignments, lab activities, and class projects; ideas for discussion or essay topics; lists of additional suggested readings; tips for presenting key concepts; and the study questions and answers from the book.
Image bank. Contains figures, tables, and photos from the text for easy incorporation into lectures and presentations.
The image bank is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-0-7360-8433-8