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Simple, yet sophisticated, Measurement Theory and Practice in Kinesiology is presented without the need to work through rigorous equation sets. The text appeals to a broad readership interested in measurement. Researchers and students can fathom the conceptual basis for topical measurement techniques and their application, and they are exposed to measurement issues in various physical activity fields. The text grounds readers in measurement basics in an easy-to-understand fashion and is for non-measurement specialists who deal with measurement in various physical activity fields.
But it goes beyond simple. It takes full advantage of the advances in computer technology and programming to offer an array of advanced test construction and modeling methodologies to researchers and practitioners. And it describes new methods in handling both large and small data sets.
Measurement Theory and Practice in Kinesiology provides a contemporary reference on measurement issues. The authors take both a broad and focused look at measurement issues in the physical domain. Readers learn about the tools that can facilitate their more advanced work, particularly with regard to statistical techniques, and learn practical applications in areas such as educational assessment and preemployment physical testing.
The book is divided into four parts. Part I introduces readers to measurement basics, including validity, reliability, and test construction. Part II explores current issues in measurement, including ethical issues, computerized adaptive testing, item bias, and scaling and equating measures. Part III focuses on advanced statistical techniques, including analysis of large and small data sets, analysis of longitudinal data, and structural equation modeling and its applications. In part IV, the authors look at measurement in practice, current issues in physical education, measurement of physical activity, measurement issues in the clinical setting, epidemiology and physical activity, and preemployment physical testing.
With this simple yet sophisticated approach, Measurement Theory and Practice in Kinesiology can be used by students in graduate-level introductory measurement courses or as a reference by researchers and clinicians in the allied health professions.
List of Contributors
Part I Measurement Basics Chapter 1 Introduction Terry M. Wood
Evolution of Measurement Theory and Practice
Measurement in Practice
Chapter 2 Validity David A. Rowe and Matthew T. Mahar
Chapter 3 Reliability and Error of Measurement Ted A. Baumgartner
Reliability Estimation for Norm-Referenced Physical Performance Tests
Standard Error of Measurement for Norm-Referenced Physical Performance Tests
Reliability Estimation for Criterion-Referenced Physical Performance Tests
Reliability Estimates for Scores From Knowledge Tests and Questionnaires
Other Reliability Topics
Chapter 4 Constructing Tests Using Item Response Theory Weimo Zhu
What Is IRT?
Commonly Used IRT Models
Assumptions Related to IRT
Estimation of Item and Ability Parameters
Addressing Model–Data Fit
Some Unique Features and Advantages of IRT
Item Bank and IRT-Based Test Construction
IRT Limitations and Future Direction
Part II Current Issues in Measurement Chapter 5 Ethical Issues in Measurement Patricia Patterson
Example 1: Ethics and the Measurement of Physical Activity (PA)
Example 2: Ethics and the Measurement of Effective Coaching
Example 3: Ethics in Performance Assessments
Chapter 6 Scaling, Equating, and Linking to Make Measures Interpretable Weimo Zhu
Equating and Linking
Kinesiology Applications and Future Research Directions
Chapter 7 Item Bias and Differential Item Functioning Allan Cohen
Bias and Differential Item Functioning
Multidimensional Framework for DIF
Measures of the Amount of DIF
Areas of Future DIF Research
Chapter 8 Computerized Adaptive Testing Richard C. Gershon and Betty A. Bergstrom
Introduction to Computer-Based Testing
Historical Background of Adaptive Testing
Advantages of CAT
Process of CAT
Critical Issues in Constructing and Maintaining CAT
Part III Advanced Statistical Techniques Chapter 9 Structural Equation Modeling and Its Applications in Exercise Science Research Fuzhong Li and Peter Harmer
Structural Equation Models
Chapter 10 Repeated Measures and Longitudinal Data Analysis Ilhyeok Park and Robert W. Schutz
Analysis of Variance for Repeated Measures Designs
Hierarchical Linear Modeling With Longitudinal Data
Structural Equation Modeling With Longitudinal Data
Comparison Among Statistical Models: ANOVA vs. HLM vs. LCM
Analysis of Change in the Near Future
Chapter 11 Analyzing Very Large and Very Small Data Sets Weimo Zhu and Anre Venter
Analyzing Very Large Data Sets
Analyzing Very Small Data Sets
Resources: Some Useful Web Links
Part IV Measurement in Practice Chapter 12 Current Issues in Physical Education Terry M. Wood
Educational Reform and Assessment Practice
Understanding New Assessment Practice
Evidence for Validity of Performance Assessments
Chapter 13 Measuring Physical Activity Michael J. LaMonte, Barbara E. Ainsworth, and Jared P. Reis
Conceptual Framework for Physical Activity Measurement
Measures of Energy Expenditure
Direct Measures of Energy Expenditure
Measures of Physical Activity
Selecting a Method of Measurement
Chapter 14 Epidemiology and Physical Activity Richard A. Washburn, Rod K. Dishman, and Gregory Heath
Concepts and Methods in Physical Activity Epidemiology
Evaluating Associations in Epidemiologic Studies
Determining Cause in Epidemiologic Studies
Chapter 15 Measurement Issues in the Clinical Setting Marilyn A. Looney
Evaluating Test Performance
Evaluating the Diagnostic Accuracy of Tests
Major Sources of Bias Affecting the Size of Diagnostic Statistics
Chapter 16 Preemployment Physical Testing Andrew S. Jackson
About the Editors
A reference for measurement specialists, exercise scientists, clinical researchers, clinicians, and physical education teachers. Text for graduate-level introductory measurement courses in kinesiology.
Terry M. Wood, PhD, is emeritus associate professor in the department of nutrition and exercise sciences at Oregon State University in Corvallis, Oregon. He has 20 years of experience in teaching, researching, and practicing measurement at Oregon State University and has coauthored two other books on measurement theory and practice. In addition, he has authored chapters in measurement practice texts; has written more than 40 refereed research articles, abstracts, and proceedings on measurement topics; and has given 65 professional presentations on measurement topics at the local, regional, national, and international levels.
Dr. Wood is the former chair of the AAHPERD Measurement and Evaluation Council, and he served as president of the International Society for Measurement and Evaluation. He is a member of AAHPERD and has been a member of a number of other professional associations in educational research and measurement as well as the American College of Sports Medicine.
Weimo Zhu, PhD, is currently an associate professor in the department of kinesiology and community health at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and a visiting professor at Guangzhou Institute of Physical Education and Shanghai Institute of Physical Education, both in China. His major area of research is measurement and evaluation in kinesiology.
Dr. Zhu's primary research interests are in the study and application of new measurement theories (e.g., item response theory) and models to the field of kinesiology. His research works have earned him international recognition. He served as the measurement section editor of the Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport from 1999 to 2005, and he is a fellow of the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education, American College of Sports Medicine, and Research Consortium, AAHPERD. He is a member of the Science Board of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports and the Fitnessgram/Activitygram Advisory Committee. He is also a member of the editorial board for three other journals and serves on the executive committees of several national and international professional organizations. Dr. Zhu was the chair of the Measurement and Evaluation Council, AAHPERD. Currently, Dr. Zhu is also examining the application of advanced measurement and statistical techniques to several measurement issues in the area of public health. A tangible practical application of Zhu's theoretical work has been his work in the assessment of physical activity, and he is exploring a new idea (physical activity space) and technologies (voice recognition and automatic scoring) to solve the problems raised.