Both genetic and extrinsic factors influence normal and abnormal embryonic and fetal growth
The growth process begins the instant an ovum (egg) and spermatozoon fuse in fertilization. Carried out under the control of genes, early development is astonishingly precise. Genes, then, determine the normal aspects of development and inherited abnormal development.
Several manipulative skills are basic to sport performance. In these skills, a performer must gain possession or control of an object by reaching to intercept a moving object or stopping it with an implement.
Consider and assess posture and balance across the lifespan
Postural control and balance are perfect examples of perception and action as an ecosystem. To control our posture in order to sit, stand, or assume any desired position, we must continually change our motor response patterns according to the perceptual information that specifies the environment and our bodies’ orientation in it.
This updated edition uses the model of constraints in discussing reasons for changes in movement throughout the life span. It encourages students to examine how the interactions of the individual, environment, and task bring about changes in a person’s movements.
Life Span Motor Development, Sixth Edition With Web Study Guide, uses the model of constraints in discussing reasons for changes in movement throughout the life span. Focusing on assessment more heavily than previous editions, this updated edition encourages students to examine how the interactions of the individual, environment, and task bring about changes in a person’s movements. The principles of motor development are presented in an accessible manner so that even readers with minimal movement science background will comprehend the material.
A key component of the sixth edition is an improved web study guide featuring revised lab activities and better functionality. New to this edition, lab activity record sheets and questions are available as fillable documents so that students can complete and submit them electronically, resulting in increased efficiency and reduced paperwork for instructors. In several labs, guided assessments teach students to observe video and categorize movements accurately. These assessments cue students to look at particular parts of the movement and guide students through questions, answers, and feedback. Then students are provided opportunities for unguided assessments via video clips or live observation, putting into practice what they have learned in the guided assessments. There are also over 100 new video clips in the web study guide, including a comprehensive video diary of the motor development milestones in the first nine months of a baby’s life.
Life Span Motor Development, Sixth Edition, contains several other updates that are appealing to instructors and students alike:
A new full-color interior provides for a more engaging presentation of the material.
Updated research includes Generation R studies and connections to fitness and motor skills.
An updated presentation package and image bank, plus a test package and chapter quizzes, are included.
An instructor guide includes recommendations on using the lab activities in the web study guide both in and out of class.
Multiple learning exercises that were previously part of the web resource have been moved to the book to allow the video-rich lab activities to occupy students’ learning time when they are online
As in past editions, students understand how maturational age and chronological age are distinct and how functional constraints affect motor skill development and learning. It also covers normal and abnormal developmental issues across the full life span, especially in the formative years. The text shows how the four components of physical fitness—cardiorespiratory endurance, strength, flexibility, and body composition—interact to affect a person’s movements over the life span. It also describes how relevant social, cultural, psychosocial, and cognitive influences can affect a person’s movements. Significant updates focus on assessment, including new figures that help to explain in detail the functional constraints approach to assessment.
Life Span Motor Development, Sixth Edition, not only provides students with the observational skills necessary for assessing motor development, but it also expertly ties the information to real life. The text continues to emphasize the application of motor development concepts to the real world by beginning each chapter with an example of a common experience and then revisiting that experience at the end of the chapter, allowing readers to apply the material to the example. The book also retains the objectives; running glossary; and key points, sidebars, and application questions throughout each chapter.
Life Span Motor Development, Sixth Edition, encompasses the most current research in motor development. It is enhanced with practical online resources for instructors and students, making the concepts of motor development come alive. The text gives students a solid foundation not only for beginning their studies in motor development but also for applying the concepts to real-world situations.
Part I. Introduction to Motor Development
Chapter 1. Fundamental Concepts Defining Motor Development Constraints: A Model for Studying Motor Development How Do We Know It Is Change? A Developmental Paradox: Universality Versus Variability Summary and Synthesis
Chapter 2. Theoretical Perspectives in Motor Development Maturational Perspective Information Processing Perspective Ecological Perspective Summary and Synthesis
Chapter 3. Principles of Motion and Stability Understanding the Principles of Motion and Stability Using the Principles of Motion and Stability to Detect and Correct Errors Summary and Synthesis
Part II. Physical Growth and Aging
Chapter 4. Physical Growth, Maturation, and Aging Prenatal Development Postnatal Development Summary and Synthesis
Chapter 5. Development and Aging of Body Systems Development of the Skeletal System Development of the Muscular System Development of the Adipose System Development of the Endocrine System Development of the Nervous System Summary and Synthesis
Part III. Development of Motor Skills Across the Life Span
Chapter 6. Early Motor Development How Do Infants Move? Why Do Infants Move? The Purpose of Reflexes Motor Milestones: The Pathway to Voluntary Movements Development of Postural Control and Balance in Infancy Summary and Synthesis
Chapter 7. Development of Human Locomotion The First Voluntary Locomotor Efforts: Creeping and Crawling Walking Across the Life Span Running Across the Life Span Other Locomotor Skills Summary and Synthesis
Chapter 8. Development of Ballistic Skills Overarm Throwing Kicking Punting Sidearm Striking Overarm Striking Summary and Synthesis
Chapter 9. Development of Manipulative Skills Grasping and Reaching Catching Anticipation Summary and Synthesis
Part IV. Perceptual-Motor Development
Chapter 10. Sensory-Perceptual Development Visual Development Kinesthetic Development Auditory Development Intermodal Perception Summary and Synthesis
Chapter 11. Perception and Action in Development The Role of Action in Perception Postural Control and Balance Summary and Synthesis
Part V. Functional Constraints to Motor Development
Chapter 12. Social and Cultural Constraints in Motor Development Social and Cultural Influences as Environmental Constraints Society and Socialization as Environmental Constraints Other Sociocultural Constraints: Race, Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Status Summary and Synthesis
Chapter 13. Psychosocial Constraints in Motor Development Self-Esteem &n
A textbook for undergraduate courses on motor development. Also a reference for researchers in motor behavior and motor development as well as practitioners in physical and occupational therapy, physical education, and rehabilitation.
Kathleen M. Haywood, PhD, is a professor and associate dean for academic programs at the University of Missouri at St. Louis, where she has researched life span motor development and taught courses in motor behavior and development, sport psychology, and biomechanics. She earned her PhD in motor behavior from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1976.
Haywood is a fellow of the National Academy of Kinesiology and the Research Consortium of the Society for Health and Physical Education (SHAPE). She is also a recipient of SHAPE’s Mabel Lee Award. Haywood has served as president of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity and as chairperson of the Motor Development Academy of SHAPE.
Haywood is also the coauthor of four editions of Archery: Steps to Success and of Teaching Archery: Steps to Success, published by Human Kinetics. She resides in Saint Charles, Missouri, and in her free time enjoys fitness training, tennis, and dog training.
Nancy Getchell, PhD, is an associate professor at the University of Delaware in Newark. For nearly 30 years, Getchell has investigated developmental motor control and coordination in children with and without disabilities. She teaches courses in motor development, motor control and learning, research methods, and women in sport.
Getchell is a professional member of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity, the International Society of Motor Control, and the International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. She is a research fellow for the Research Consortium of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (AAHPERD). From 2005 to 2009, Getchell served as editor for the Growth and Motor Development section of Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. Getchell has also served as the chairperson of the AAHPERD Motor Development and Learning Academy.
Getchell obtained her PhD from the University of Wisconsin at Madison in 1996 in kinesiology with a specialization in motor development. In 2001, Getchell was the recipient of the Lolas E. Halverson Young Investigators Award in motor development.
Getchell resides in Wilmington, Delaware, where she enjoys hiking, geocaching, and bicycling.