If it is not clear yet in this chapter, let me be unequivocal now. Leadership - your leadership - is about you. Your ability to be the best leader you can be does not depend on your attempts to copy others or emulate great historical figures. Rather, it has everything to do with knowing who you are and understanding what you need to do to become a better version of you. It is all about you.
In the technology-rich environment in which we live, our key interpersonal and professional encounters are not likely to be solely face-to-face or virtual. Rather, our relationships exist on a continuum between more or less virtual. Some of us believe that virtual encounters, via Facebook, MySpace, Skype, FaceTime, and the like, enhance our already established relationships.
Working in a group is usually a good way to get things done, especially in recreation and leisure settings. Bringing together diverse people with their own opinions and ways of doing things can create a rich environment for success. However, traps and pitfalls can occur; leaders can avoid them by understanding some of the warning signs and responding accordingly.
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Leadership in Recreation and Leisure Services presents cutting-edge guidance and helps students apply their newfound knowledge as they prepare to enter the rapidly changing leisure services field.
This text presents fresh insights on leadership from the most prominent voices in the field today. The contributors present a comprehensive look at modern leadership, identify the challenges future leaders will face, and reveal how future leaders can best prepare to meet those challenges.
Leadership in Recreation and Leisure Services provides
• a detailed look at the collaborative approach to leadership in leisure services that represents a new direction in the field;
• insight into classical leadership as well as innovative and modern leadership theory and best practices; and
• an understanding of the roles and functions students will fulfill as they enter the profession.
The material, designed for undergraduate recreation and leisure services leadership courses, is presented in three parts. Part I explores personal leadership issues, including communication skills, negotiation strategies, and leadership styles. Part II delves into professional leadership, examining topics such as group dynamics, supervision practices, and team leadership. Part III explores organizational leadership, including internal and external leadership and professional development.
The authors present new theories of leadership from research in the field of recreation and leisure. Several learning aids—including chapter-opening scenarios, key terms, glossary, references, and chapter-ending questions for reflection and discussion—appear throughout the text. In addition, each chapter features a Leisure Leaders sidebar that profiles a leader in the field who addresses preparation for the job, a peek at day-to-day work, and advice for aspiring leaders. And a Best Practices sidebar showcases an organization whose innovative leadership has led to positive organizational outcomes.
Leadership in Recreation and Leisure Services helps students understand the range of leadership skills they need to develop for successful careers.
Part I Personal Leadership
Chapter 1 Introduction to 21st-Century Leadership in Leisure Services
What Is Leadership?
Recreation and Leisure Services Leaders in the 21st Century
Setting the Stage for Leading in 21st-Century Recreation and Leisure Services
Chapter 2 Self-Leadership
Toward a Definition of Leadership
Understanding Your Self
Values, Beliefs, and Emotional Intelligence
Chapter 3 Interpersonal Communication Skills
The Nature of Interpersonal Communication
Listening and the Perception Process
Communication Competence and Leadership
Task- Versus Relations-Oriented Leadership
Traditional Face-to-Face Versus E-Leadership
Interpersonal Leadership Model
Chapter 4 Facilitating Group Experiences
Roles of a Facilitator
Chapter 5 Leadership, Diversity, and Inclusion
Variations: A New Way of Thinking
Professional Development for Inclusive Leaders
The New Norm
Best Practices in Inclusive Leadership
Chapter 6 Leadership Styles and Ethics
Values and Ethics
Part II Leading as a Professional in Leisure Services
Chapter 7 Understanding Group Dynamics
Tim O’Connell and Michael Van Bussel
History of Groups
Leadership Theory and Working With Groups
Common Issues With Groups
Chapter 8 Direct Leadership in Recreation, Leisure, Hospitality, and Tourism
Michael Van Bussel
Preferences in Leadership Behavior
Dimensions of Leader Behavior
Multidimensional Model of Leadership
Tools for Direct Leadership: Setting Goals and Objectives
Chapter 9 Supervising Staff and Volunteers
Marilynn R. Glasser
How to Be a Top-Notch Parks and Recreation Supervisor
Chapter 10 Team Development and Team Leadership
Understanding Team Development
Teamwork in the 21st Century
Team Learning Dynamics
Individual Factors for Team Success
Team and Individual Leadership
Team Delivery Programs
Successful and Unsuccessful Team Development
Chapter 11 Risk Management in Leadership
Designing the Experience
2\x\2 Risk Matrix: Perceived Versus Actual Risks
Adventure Experience Paradigm
Accident Causation and Safety Management
Part III Organizational Leadership
Chapter 12 Internal Organizational Leadership and Professional Development
Step 1: Understand Agency Development Needs
Step 2: Assess Job Demands, Competencies, and Bench Strength
Step 3: Build the Talent Pool
Chapter 13 External Community and Organizational Leadership
External Community Leaders
External Organizational Leadership
Chapter 14 Leading in the Profession
Jane H. Adams and Elaine Schilling
Macro Trends Affecting Parks and Recreation
Competencies for the 21st-Century Parks and Recreation Leader
About the Editors
About the Contributors
Text for upper-level university recreation and leisure students. Reference for current and future professionals.
Timothy S. O’Connell, PhD, is a professor of recreation and leisure studies at Brock University in St. Catharines, Ontario. He has taught group dynamics since 1997 and has been a wilderness guide since 1991. A member of the National Recreation and Parks Association, the Society for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, the Association for Experiential Education, and the Council of Outdoor Educators of Ontario, O’Connell has developed outdoor recreation curricula and coedited the Journal of Experiential Education. He has received many awards for his teaching. An avid outdoor recreationist, O’Connell enjoys rock climbing, sea kayaking, and home brewing in his spare time.
Brent Cuthbertson, PhD, is an associate professor of outdoor recreation, parks, and tourism at Lakehead University in Thunder Bay, Ontario. He has been a wilderness educator and guide for more than 25 years and coeditor of the Journal of Experiential Education. He has written book chapters, papers in refereed journals, and a variety of other refereed and nonrefereed contributions. Cuthbertson has received awards for his teaching excellence. In his leisure time he enjoys wilderness canoeing, sea kayaking, woodworking, and sailing.
Terilyn J. Goins, PhD, is a career management and independent consultant is Yorktown, Virginia. She worked for 19 years for Christopher Newport University as a professor of communication studies and leadership studies. She also served for four years as chair of the communication studies department at the university. Goins received the National Speaker’s Association Outstanding Professor Award, was voted Professor of the Year at Christopher Newport University by the student body, and has published numerous articles for trade and academic journals related to personal and professional growth and development.