This lab manual offers testing procedures used in the assessment of human performance, health, and wellness. Students will explore testing for oxygen consumption, anaerobic and aerobic fitness, musculoskeletal fitness, pulmonary function, body composition, ECG, and other areas.
Designed for undergraduate students, Laboratory Manual for Exercise Physiology offers comprehensive coverage of the basic testing procedures used in the assessment of human performance, health, and wellness. This user-friendly resource will assist students in developing the knowledge and skills to perform a wide range of tests and to critically analyze and synthesize data.
Authors Gregory Haff and Charles Dumke have assembled a text that introduces readers to testing that can be applied in a variety of professional settings. The book’s 15 labs encompassing 49 activities lead students through a series of learning opportunities that explore the basics of testing and pretest screening as well as methods for evaluating flexibility, blood pressure, oxygen consumption and energy expenditure, aerobic and anaerobic fitness, lactate metabolism, muscular strength, pulmonary function, body composition, and electrocardiogram assessments.
Laboratory Manual for Exercise Physiology has been expertly sequenced to offer students an optimal learning experience. Organized in a logical progression, the labs build in complexity as students progress through the book and develop their knowledge base. A consistent heading structure enables students to easily follow the material and grasp the focus of the activities. Each laboratory is a complete lesson beginning with objectives, definitions of key terms, and background information that set the stage for learning. For each of the laboratory activities, students will find step-by-step instructions, making it easier for those new to the lab setting to complete the activities. Figures and photos throughout the text illustrate the key techniques. Data sheets are provided for each of the tests, allowing students to record their individual findings. Question sets found after each activity prompt students to put their lab experiences into context, and case studies help them understand the practical applications of the tests.
The manual includes many features that further support learning. Special binding allows the book to lie flat on the lab table, and perforated pages enable students to remove their completed worksheets from the manual for grading without removing content needed for future reference. A resource finder at the front of the book helps readers locate the tests and formulas they need. A web resource packaged with new texts provides additional tools that assist students in working through the lab activities. Here they will find each of the question sets—a handy way to fill in and print answers after completing a laboratory activity. Group data sheets found only in the web resource allow students to move beyond collecting individual data. They can use these group sheets to compile data from the entire class, calculate values such as mean and range, and compare their findings to the normative data discussed in the lab.
Instructors will find that Laboratory Manual for Exercise Physiology offers great flexibility in choosing the activities that suit the needs of their course and their students. Each lab contains multiple activities that cover distinct methods for introducing the testing concepts. The activities can be adapted to specific lab settings, available equipment, and time allotted. Equipment lists at the beginning of each activity make it easier to choose the labs that will work best in the lab facility. To further assist instructors in preparing for courses, access to an image bank features all the photos, illustrations, and tables from the text that can be inserted into tests, quizzes, handouts, and other course materials.
Laboratory Manual for Exercise Physiology will help students build their professional knowledge and skills. This resource will give them the hands-on practice they need to learn in order to evaluate athletes, clinical clients, and other healthy individuals.
Laboratory 1: Primary Data Collection
Background and Environmental Information
Laboratory Activity 1.1: Collecting Basic Data
Laboratory Activity 1.2: Utilizing Statistical Procedures
Laboratory Activity 1.3: Making Tables and Graphs
Laboratory 2: Pretest Screening
Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire
Health History Questionnaire
Signs and Symptoms of Disease and Medical Clearance
Coronary Risk Factor Analysis
Disease Risk Stratification
Laboratory Activity 2.1: Conducting Basic Screening Procedures
Laboratory Activity 2.2: Evaluating Pretest Results
Laboratory 3: Flexibility Testing
Direct and Indirect Range of Motion Assessment
Body Area Considerations
Laboratory Activity 3.1: Traditional, Wall, and V-Sit Sit-and-Reach Test Comparisons
Laboratory Activity 3.2: YMCA, Back Saver, and Goniometer Sit-and-Reach Test Comparisons
Laboratory Activity 3.3: Canadian Sit-and-Reach Test Comparisons
Laboratory Activity 3.4: Shoulder Flexibility Test Comparisons
Laboratory 4: Blood Pressure Measurements
Blood Pressure Responses to Exercise
Accurate Blood Pressure Checks
Laboratory Activity 4.1: Determining the Effects of Body Position on BP
Laboratory Activity 4.2: Measuring the Effects of Dynamic Exercise on BP
Laboratory Activity 4.3: Measuring the Effects of Isometric Muscle Contractions on BP
Laboratory 5: Resting Metabolic Rate Determinations
Aerobic Metabolism and the Respiratory Exchange Ratio
Total Energy Expenditure and the Resting Metabolic Rate
Laboratory Activity 5.1: Predicting Resting Metabolic Rate
Laboratory Activity 5.2: Measuring Resting Metabolic Rate
Laboratory 6: Oxygen Deficit and Debt Evaluations
The Transition from Rest to Exercise
Oxygen Uptake During Exercise and Recovery
Laboratory Activity 6.1: Calculation of Oxygen Deficit and Debt
Laboratory 7: Submaximal Exercise Testing
Measurement of Heart Rate
Rating of Perceived Exertion
Laboratory Activity 7.1: Conducting a Submaximal Bench Step Test
Laboratory Activity 7.2: Performing a Submaximal Treadmill Test
Laboratory Activity 7.3: Directing a Submaximal Cycle Ergometer Test
Laboratory 8: Aerobic Power Field Assessments
The Cooper 1.5 Mile Run/Walk Test
The Cooper 12 Minute Run/Walk Test
The Rockport Fitness Walking Test
Laboratory Activity 8.1: Conducting a 1.5-Mile Run/walk Test
Laboratory Activity 8.2: Conducting a 12 Minute Run/Walk Test
Laboratory Activity 8.3: Performing a Fitness Walking Test
Laboratory 9: Maximal Oxygen Consumption Measurements
Selecting a Test Protocol
Monitoring Progress with RPE Scales
Estimating Fuel Usage with RER
Ventilatory Threshold Signals
Laboratory Activity 9.1: Directing a Graded Treadmill VO2max Test
Laboratory Activity 9.2: Conducting a Graded Cycle Ergometer VO2max Test
Laboratory 10: Blood Lactate Threshold Assessment
Selecting a Test Method
The Role of the Ventilatory Threshold
Laboratory Activity 10.1: Taking a Blood Lactate Measurement at Rest
Laboratory Activity 10.2: Determining LT During an Incremental Cycle Test
Laboratory Activity 10.3: Measuring Blood Lactate After Exercise
Laboratory 11: Musculoskeletal Fitness Measurements
Assessments of Muscular Strength
Assessments of Muscular Endurance
Laboratory Activity 11.1: Measuring Maximal Upper Body Strength
Laboratory Activity 11.2: Measuring Maximal Lower Body Strength
Laboratory Activity 11.3: Measuring Maximal Hand Grip Strength
Laboratory Activity 11.4: Determining Upper Body Muscular Endurance
Laboratory Activity 11.5: Testing Abdominal Muscular Endurance
Laboratory Activity 11.6: Estimating Bench Press 1RM
Laboratory Activity 11.7: Estimating Leg Press 1RM
Laboratory 12: Anaerobic Fitness Measurements
Sprinting Performance Tests for Estimating Horizontal Power
Formulas for Estimating Vertical Power
Bosco Test for Estimating Power Endurance
Jumping Performance Tests for Determining the Eccentric Utilization Ratio
Wingate Anaerobic Test for Determining Anaerobic Cycling Power
Margaria-Kalamen Stair Climb Test for Determining Anaerobic Power
Laboratory Activity 12.1: Assessing Sprinting Performance
Laboratory Activity 12.2: Measuring Jumping Performance
Laboratory Activity 12.3: Evaluating Jumping Performance with a Switch Mat
Laboratory Activity 12.4: Determining Power Endurance
Laboratory Activity 12.5: Gauging Anaerobic Cycling Power
Laboratory Activity 12.6: Measuring Anaerobic Power
Laboratory 13: Pulmonary Function Testing
The Scope of Pulmonary Function Testing
PFT as a Tool for Diagnosing Pulmonary Diseases
Respiratory Limitations to Exercise
Laboratory Activity 13.1: Predicting Lung Volumes
Laboratory Activity 13.2: Testing Pulmonary Function
Laboratory Activity 13.3: Revealing Exercise-Induced Ventilatory Limitations
Laboratory Activity 13.4: Diagnosing Exercise-Induced Respiratory Conditions
Laboratory 14: Body Composition Assessments
Body Mass Index for Categorizing Body Composition
Circumference Measurements and Health Risk
Skinfold Thickness as a Tool for Estimating Body Fat
Body Composition Testing Models
Laboratory Activity 14.1: Collecting BMI and Circumference Data
Laboratory Activity 14.2: Techniques for Measuring Skinfold Thickness
Laboratory Activity 14.3: Estimating Relative Body Fat Using Hydrodensitometry
Laboratory 15: Electrocardiograph Measurements
Electrical Activity of the Heart
Placement of EKG Leads
Interpreting the EKG Recording
EKG as a Tool for Diagnosing Cardiac Abnormalities
Heart Rate Response to Exercise
Laboratory Activity 15.1: Measuring Resting EKG
Laboratory Activity 15.2: Effects of Body Position on the Axis of the Heart
Laboratory Activity 15.3: Measuring Submaximal Exercise Effects with the 12-Lead EKG
Appendix A: Units of Measure and Conversions
Appendix B: Prediction Equations
Appendix C: Haldane Transformation
Appendix D: Metabolic Cart Information
Appendix E: Calibration of Equipment
Appendix F: Certifications in the Field of Exercise Science
Textbook for undergraduate exercise physiology laboratory courses; supplemental text for other exercise science lab courses covering measurement and evaluation. Also a solid reference for personal trainers and other fitness professionals preparing for certification.
G. Gregory Haff, PhD, CSCS*D, FNSCA, ASCC, is a senior lecturer of strength and conditioning at Edith Cowan University in Perth, Australia. Haff has published more than 50 articles, centering his research on performance effects in the areas of strength training, cycling, and nutritional supplementation.
A frequent presenter at national conferences on the topic of periodization, Haff has presented his research on the periodization of strength training to sport scientists at the Beijing Sport University in China in 2009 and 2001, at the United Kingdom Strength and Conditioning Association in Belfast 2008, and throughout the United States at National Strength and Conditioning Association conferences. Haff also received a Distinguished Teaching Award from West Virginia University School of Medicine in 2008. In 2001, he was the recipient of the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) Young Investigator of the Year Award.
Haff applies his research as a regional weightlifting coach, level 3 cycling coach, certified strength and conditioning specialist with distinction, and accredited strength and conditioning coach with the United Kingdom Strength and Conditioning Association. He has also worked as a coach and consultant for national-level and international-level weightlifters and cyclists as well as numerous collegiate athletes.
A fellow of the NSCA, Haff has served on the association's board of directors since 2007. He is also a member of the European College of Sport Science. Haff served on the USA Weightlifting Sports Medicine Committee (1998-2004), USA Weightlifting Sport Science Committee (1997-2004), NSCA Research Committee (2000-2006), and United States Olympic Committee Performance Enhancement Team for Weightlifting (2003-2004).
A competitive weightlifter at the national level for 14 years, Haff continues to enjoy weightlifting in his free time as well as cycling and cooking. Haff resides in Joondalup, Western Australia, with his wife, Erin.
Charles Dumke, PhD, is a professor in the department of health and human performance at the University of Montana, where he teaches undergraduate and graduate courses. He has taught courses in exercise physiology for over 10 years, first at Appalachian State University and then at the University of Montana. He earned his PhD in kinesiology from the University of Wisconsin at Madison, where he also served as a graduate teaching assistant. His areas of interest in exercise science are energy expenditure, fuel utilization, economy of movement, mechanisms of mitochondrial adaptation, and diabetes. He has published more than 50 peer-reviewed articles on these topics.
Dumke is a certified ACSM health/fitness instructor. In 2007, he was made a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine. He also earned the Dean’s Award for Excellence in Graduate Education from Appalachian State University.
In his free time, Dumke enjoys competing in triathlons, biking, and swimming. He resides in Missoula, Montana, with his wife, Shannon.
“This is an all-encompassing book on standard exercise testing procedures and methodology…The authors are respected scientists in the field of exercise physiology and the quality of work is reflected in the details.”
Image bank. Contains all of the photos, illustrations, and tables from the text, which can be inserted into tests, quizzes, handouts, and other course materials.
The image bank is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-1-4504-1337-4.
Web resource. Contains laboratory activity question sets that can be downloaded for completion online and turned in for classroom credit. Group data sheets found only in the web resource allow students to move beyond collecting individual data. They can use these group sheets to compile data from the entire class, calculate values such as mean and range, and compare their findings to the normative data discussed in the lab.