Various personality factors affect athletic success and exercise adherence
Despite popular opinion, no distinguishable “athletic personality” has been shown to exist. That is, no consistent research findings show that athletes possess a general personality type distinct from the personality of nonathletes.
Introduction to Kinesiology: Studying Physical Activity, Fourth
Edition, offers the most cohesive introduction to the field of
kinesiology available, giving students a solid background in the field
and preparing them for further study and course work.
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Introduction to Kinesiology: Studying Physical Activity, Fourth Edition With Web Resource, is the most cohesive introduction to the field of kinesiology available, demonstrating how its many disciplines integrate into a unified body of knowledge. This all-inclusive approach gives students a solid background in the field and prepares them for further study and course work. This engaging and jargon-free text also introduces students to job prospects and areas of study and professional practice in kinesiology.
Introduction to Kinesiology, Fourth Edition, orients and prepares students for in-depth studies in their areas of interest. Its broad scope acknowledges students’ diverse interests and aspirations in professional and scholarly career tracks as well as teaching and coaching. Top kinesiologists expand discussion of physical activity beyond exercise, sport, or health-related activity in an effort to broaden conceptions of physical activity and the potential contributions of kinesiology.
The contributors, each with specific expertise in the subdisciplines, share their perspectives in chapters complemented by full-color photos and illustrations. Students can enrich their learning experience by taking advantage of the following tools and features:
Chapter objectives help students keep the main ideas in mind as they read through the text, and summaries at the end of each chapter reinforce these concepts.
Key points highlighted throughout each chapter stimulate interest and supplement information in the text.
Study questions at the end of each chapter help students focus on key areas of the text.
A fully integrated web study guide helps students explore and comprehend concepts presented in the text. Callouts in the text (or links in the e-book) direct students to interactive activities, such as scenario-based activities, drag-and-drop, selecting from a menu, or responding with short answers to photos and scenarios presented. New and unique sidebars in the web study guide detail the major goals of each of the subdisciplines, provide case studies of real-world careers, and offer examples and applications to promote critical thinking. Practical Plug-In activities in part II help readers experience how content knowledge of the subdisciplines leads to real solutions. Part III features the addition of A Day in the Life profiles, drawing additional attention to the work of professionals in the field. Additional study questions, review of key points, activity feedback, interviews with practicing professionals, and web search activities further stimulate interest.
The fourth edition maintains its clear organization into three parts but with a streamlined format and increased emphasis on studying the field as a whole. A recurring diagram in each section visually displays the integration of experience, scholarly study, and professional practice and seeks to balance the importance of these unique and interrelated dimensions of the discipline. The first section of the text provides broad discussion of how physical activity experiences in sport, exercise, work, rehabilitation, and daily living contribute to the understanding of kinesiology and how kinesiologists design and apply physical activity experiences. Students are then introduced to the academic subdisciplines of kinesiology. Job descriptions of professionals in each subdiscipline educate students on careers available, and practical applications illustrate the importance of the subdiscipline and how it may relate or contribute to a variety of professional endeavors. In the final section, students will examine the responsibilities and requirements of professionals in health and fitness, therapeutic exercise, teaching, coaching, and sport management. Work setting analyses, educational qualifications, case studies, profiles of working professionals, and career advice help students determine their professional interests and direction.
The fourth edition of Introduction to Kinesiology remains the leading text for orienting students to the discipline of kinesiology and its diverse professions. With its full-color format and engaging writing style, Introduction to Kinesiology, Fourth Edition, presents the unified discipline of kinesiology and the variety, complexity, elegance, and importance of physical activity.
Chapter 1. Introduction to Kinesiology
Shirl J. Hoffman and Janet C. Harris
Ways of Developing an Understanding of Kinesiology
Physical Activity: The Focus of Kinesiology
What Is Physical Activity?
What Is Kinesiology?
The Focus of Kinesiology: Exercise and Skilled Movement
How This Text Is Organized
Part I: Experiencing Physical Activity
Chapter 2. The Spheres of Physical Activity Experience
Shirl J. Hoffman
The Sphere of Self-Sufficiency
The Sphere of Self-Expression
The Sphere of Work
The Sphere of Education
The Sphere of Leisure
The Sphere of Health
The Sphere of Competition
Chapter 3. The Importance of Physical Activity Experiences
Shirl J. Hoffman
Physical Activity as a Signature of Humanity
Factors Influencing the Kinds and Amounts of Performance Experiences
Two Ways Experience Can Affect Physical Activity
How Quality and Quantity Affect Physical Activity Experience
Identifying Critical Components of a Physical Activity
Heredity and Experience
Chapter 4. The Importance of Subjective Experiences in Physical Activity
Shirl J. Hoffman
Four Truths About Sport and Exercise
Why Subjective Experiences Are Important
Components of Subjective Experience
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Approaches to Physical Activity
Factors Affecting Our Enjoyment of Physical Activity
Watching Sports as a Subjective Experience
Part II: Scholarly Study of Physical Activity
Chapter 5. Philosophy of Physical Activity
Scott Kretchmar and Cesar R. Torres
Why Use Philosophic Thinking?
What Do Philosophers Do?
History of Philosophy of Physical Activity
Research Methods for Philosophy of Physical Activity
Overview of Knowledge in the Philosophy of Physical Activity
Chapter 6. History of Physical Activity
Richard A. Swanson
Why Use History of Physical Activity?
What Do Historians of Physical Activity Do?
History of Kinesiology and Physical Activity
Research Methods for History of Physical Activity
Overview of Knowledge in History of Physical Activity
Chapter 7. Sociology of Physical Activity
Katherine M. Jamieson and Margaret Carlisle Duncan
Why Use Sociology of Physical Activity?
What Do Sociologists of Physical Activity Do?
History of Sociology of Physical Activity
Research Methods for Sociology of Physical Activity
Overview of Knowledge in Sociology of Physical Activity
Chapter 8. Motor Behavior
Katherine T. Thomas and Jerry R. Thomas
Why Use Motor Behavior?
What Do Motor Behaviorists Do?
History of Motor Behavior
Research Methods for Motor Behavior
Overview of Knowledge in Motor Behavior
Chapter 9. Sport and Exercise Psychology
Robin S. Vealey
Why Use Sport and Exercise Psychology?
What Do Sport or Exercise Psychologists Do?
History of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Research Methods for Sport and Exercise Psychology
Overview of Knowledge in Sport and Exercise Psychology
Chapter 10. Biomechanics of Physical Activity
Why Use Biomechanics of Physical Activity?
What Do Biomechanists Do?
History of Biomechanics
Research Methods for Biomechanics
Overview of Knowledge in Biomechanics of Physical Activity
Chapter 11. Physiology of Physical Activity
Jennifer L. Caputo
Why Use Physiology of Physical Activity?
What Do Physical Activity Physiologists Do?
History of Physiology of Physical Activity
Research Methods for Physiology of Physical Activity
Overview of Knowledge in Physiology of Physical Activity
Part III: Practicing a Profession in Physical Activity
Chapter 12. Becoming a Physical Activity Professional
Shirl J. Hoffman
What Is a Profession?
How Do Our Values Shape Our Professional Conduct?
How Are Physical Activity Professionals Educated for the Workforce?
Are You Suited for a Career in the Physical Activity Professions?
Chapter 13. Careers in Health and Fitness
Sandra Minor Bulmer and Jeremy Howell
What is the Health and Fitness Profession?
Settings for Health and Fitness
Roles in Health and Fitness Professionals
Trends and Opportunities in Health and Fitness
Advice for Health and Fitness Students
Chapter 14. Careers in Therapeutic Exercise
What Is Therapeutic Exercise?
Settings for Therapeutic Exercise
Roles for Therapeutic Exercise Professionals
Trends and Opportunities in Therapeutic Exercise
Advice for Therapeutic Exercise Students
Chapter 15. Careers in Teaching Physical Education
Kim C. Graber and Thomas J. Templin
What Is Teaching Physical Education?
Settings for Teaching Physical Education
Roles for People in the Teaching Profession
Trends and Opportunities in Teaching Physical Education
Advice for Physical Education Students
Chapter 16. Careers in Coaching and Sport Instruction
Joseph A. Luxbacher and Shirl J. Hoffman
What is Coaching and Sport Instruction?
Settings for Coaching and Sport Instruction
Roles for Coaching and Sport Instruction Professionals
Advice for Coaching and Sport Instruction Students
Chapter 17. Careers in Sport Management
G. Clayton Stoldt and Mark C. Vermillion
What Is Sport Management?
Settings for Sport Management
Roles for Sport Management Professionals
Trends and Opportunities in Sport Management
Advice for Sport Management Students
About the Editor
About the Contributors
A textbook for introductory undergraduate courses or foundations courses
in kinesiology, sport science, or sport and physical activity; reference
for researchers and practitioners in sport and exercise science.
Shirl J. Hoffman, EdD, is a professor of exercise and sport
science at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, where he
served as department head for 10 years. He has served at all levels of
education: elementary physical education teacher, college-level coach,
and professor in both research university and liberal arts college
Hoffman has published extensively on a variety of topics, including
sport philosophy and ethics, evangelicalism and religion in sport,
sociology of sport, and motor learning and performance. He also has been
a frequent commentator on problems in kinesiology and higher education.
He has published widely on topics related to motor learning and control,
qualitative analysis of movement, and sport philosophy, especially sport
and religion. He was the charter executive director of the American
Kinesiology Association and now is editor of Kinesiology Today,
an online magazine.
Hoffman is a fellow emeritus of the American Academy of Kinesiology and
Physical Education. He is the author of Good Game: Christianity and
the Culture of Sport (2010) and was the project coordinator for Careers
in Sport, Fitness, and Exercise (2011), published by the American
Hoffman and his wife, Claude, reside in Greensboro, North Carolina and
Boone, North Carolina.
Instructor guide. Contains a sample syllabus, lecture notes and topics, and class assignments for each chapter in the text.
Test package. Features true-or-false and multiple-choice questions. The test package is available for use through multiple formats, including a learning management system, Respondus, and rich text.
Presentation package plus image bank. Contains PowerPoint slides that highlight important material from the book. The image bank contains all figures, tables, and content-related photos from the text, sorted by chapter. For convenience, a blank PowerPoint template is also provided so instructors can quickly insert images from the image bank to create their own customized presentations.
The presentation package with image bank is also available for purchase ISBN 978-1-4504-4159-9
Web study guide. Includes interactive activities such as scenario-based activities, drag-and-drop, selecting from a menu, and responding with short answers to photos and scenarios presented. Also included are study questions, review of key points, activity feedback, profiles and interviews with practicing professionals, and web search activities.
The web study guide is also available for purchase ISBN 978-1-4504-4158-2