The contribution of regular physical activity to health
Research has established the contribution of regular physical activity to key health outcomes, such as obesity prevention and musculoskeletal development, and to educational outcomes, such as attentiveness, cognitive processing, discipline, and academic performance (USDHHS 2008).
Discover the three major lessons of successful program implementation
Program leaders identified three major lessons that will assist with future implementation of similar programming: (1) use technology to automate administrative components of the program; (2) cultivate community partnerships and leverage existing partnerships to enhance program success; and (3) introduce gradually and progress mindfully.
Current cancer treatments, although increasingly efficacious for improving survival, are toxic in numerous ways and produce negative short- and long-term physiological and psychological effects, including pain, decreased cardiorespiratory capacity, cancer-related fatigue, reduced quality of life, and suppressed immune function (Courneya and Freidenreich 2001).
Developed through a partnership with the National Physical Activity Plan
Alliance and the National Coalition for Promoting Physical Activity, Implementing
Physical Activity Strategies profiles 42 physical activity programs
that are helping people adopt more active and healthy lifestyles.
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Developed through a partnership with the National Physical Activity Plan Alliance and theNational Coalition for Promoting Physical Activity (NCPPA), Implementing Physical Activity Strategies profiles 42 physical activity programs that are helping people adopt more active and healthy lifestyles based on the U.S. National Physical Activity Plan (NPAP). This resource combines the expertise of editors Russell Pate and David Buchner as well as a host of respected researchers and practitioners well known for their long-term advocacy for a more physically active society. Implementing Physical Activity Strategies highlights innovative and proven physical activity programs under way in eight sectors: education; mass media; health care; parks, recreation, fitness, and sports; business and industry; public health; transportation, land use, and community design; and volunteer and nonprofit organizations.For each, readers will find an explanation of how the physical activity program was executed, how it aligns with the NPAP, the target population of the program, cross-sector collaborations and their benefits, and assessments of program effectiveness.
A consistent presentation of information on each program makes this comprehensive reference easy to use. The text maintains a focus on topics such as cross-sector collaboration, tactics and troubleshooting tips, and how each program aligns with the NPAP. This ensures readers will find tools and information to bring success to their own initiatives. Many of the program profiles include sample press releases, ads, screen shots, photos, surveys, follow-up forms, and other hands-on materials to help readers more readily translate the ideas and materials of these programs into new physical activity initiatives. By sharing examples and case studies of proven programs, Implementing Physical Activity Strategies supports those seeking ways to bring the benefits of increased physical activity to their constituents:
Officials and managers in public health and health care
Volunteer and nonprofit organizations
Recreation, fitness, and sport leaders
Physical education teachers
Worksite health promotion advocates
Transportation, urban policy, and design workers
Implementing Physical Activity Strategies offers a detailed look into exemplary programs that have brought about an increase in regular physical activity for individuals where they live, work, and play. Stimulate new ideas, inspire creativity and innovation, and set in motion new results-oriented physical activity initiatives with Implementing Physical Activity Strategies.
Sector I: Education
Chapter 1. State Physical Activity Policies Chapter 2. Public School Physical Activity Legislative Policy Initiatives: What We Have Learned Chapter 3. Role of Recess and Physical Activity Breaks during the School Day Chapter 4. Physical Activity in Early Childhood Centers: New York City as a Case Study Chapter 5. After-School Programs and Physical Activity
Sector II: Mass Media
Chapter 6. VERB It’s What You Do! and VERB Scorecard: Bringing a National Campaign to Communities Chapter 7. Start.Living.Healthy: Using Mass Media to Increase Physical Activity in Hawai’i Chapter 8. ParticipAction: The National Voice of Physical Activity and Sport Participation in Canada Chapter 9. Wheeling Walks: A Targeted Mass Media–Led Physical Activity Campaign Chapter 10. Mass Media Campaigns to Promote Physical Activity: Australia and New Zealand as Case Studies Chapter 11. Communication Strategies to Promote the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans
Sector III: Health Care
Chapter 12. Institute of Lifestyle Medicine Chapter 13. Exercise Vital Sign at Kaiser Permanente Chapter 14. Profession MD—Lifestyle Program Chapter 15. Development and Implementation of the Physical Activity Vital Sign Chapter 16. Strides to Strength Exercise Program for Cancer Survivors
Sector IV: Parks, Recreation, Fitness, and Sports
Chapter 17. ParK Through 12 and Beyond: Converting Schoolyards Into Community Play Space in Crowded Cities Chapter 18. Learning to be Healthy and Active in After-School Time: The Säjai Foundation’s Wise Kids Program Chapter 19. Moovin’ and Groovin’ in the Bayou: Summer Camps Increase Youth Physical Activity Through Intentional Design Chapter 20. Finding Common Ground: Play Space Modifications Can Increase Physical Activity for All Children Chapter 21. Pioneering Physically Active Communities: YMCA of the USA’s Healthier Communities Initiatives Chapter 22. Professional Sport Venues as Opportunities for Physical Activity Breaks: The San Diego Padres' FriarFit Instant Recess
Sector V: Business and Industry
Chapter 23. Fit to Drive: Integrated Injury Prevention, Health, and Wellness for Truck Drivers Chapter 24. Instant Recess: Integrating Physical Activity Into the Workday at Kaiser Permanente South Bay Health Center Chapter 25. ChooseWell LiveWell: An Employee Health Promotion Partnership between Saint Paul Public Schools and HealthPartners Chapter 26. What’s Next? Keeping NextEra Energy’s Health & Well-Being Program Active for 20 Years
Chapter 27. Johnson & Johnson: Bringing Physical Activity, Fitness, and Movement to the Workplace Chapter 28. Building Vitality at IBM: Physical Activity and Fitness as One Component of a Comprehensive Strategy for Employee Well-Being
Sector VI: Public Health
Chapter 29. State-Based Efforts for Physical Activity Planning: Experience From Texas and West Virginia Chapter 30. Health Impact Assessments (HIA): A Means to Initiate and Maintain Cross-Sector Partnerships to Promote Physical Activity Chapter 31. Move More Scholars Institute Chapter 32. The National Society of Physical Activity Practitioners in Public Health:
Elevating the Issue of Physical Activity; Equipping Professionals to Do So Chapter 33. Successful Cross-Sector Partnerships to Implement Physical Activity: Live Well Omaha Coalition Chapter 34. Tracking and Measuring Physical Activity Policy Chapter 35. Institutionalizing Safe Routes to School in Columbia, Missouri
Sector VII: Transportation, Land Use, and Community Design
Chapter 36. Local Public Health Leadership for Active Community Design: An Approach for Year-Round Physical Activity in Houghton, Michigan Chapter 37. A Road Diet for Increased Physical Activity: Redesigning for Safer Walking, Bicycling, and Transit Use Chapter 38. Incorporating Physical Activity and Health Outcomes in Regional Transportation Planning Chapter 39. Leveraging Public and Private Relationships to Make Omaha Bicycle Friendly
Sector VIII: Volunteer and Nonprofit
Chapter 40. Using Legal and Policy Muscles to Support Physically Active Communities Chapter 41. Reducing Barriers to Activity Among Special Populations: LiveStrong at the YMCA: Chapter 42. New York State Healthy Eating and Physical Activity Alliance
About the Organization
About the Editors
A reference for physical activity practitioners in public health,
recreation and community sport, urban planning, and worksite health
promotion. Also for school physical education advocates and a resource
for physical activity researchers seeking research projects and
The National Physical Activity Plan Alliance is a not-for-profit
organization committed to ensuring the long-term success of the National
Physical Activity Plan (NPAP). The alliance is governed by a board of
directors composed of representatives of organizational partners and
at-large experts on physical activity and public health. The key
objectives of the alliance are to support implementation of the NPAP’s
strategies and tactics, expand awareness of the NPAP among policy makers
and key stakeholders, evaluate the NPAP on an ongoing basis, and
periodically revise the NPAP to ensure its effective linkage to the
current evidence base.
The National Coalition for Promoting Physical Activity (NCPPA) is
a blend of associations, health organizations, and private corporations
advocating for policies that encourage Americans of all ages to become
more physically active. NCPPA spearheads federal policy and advocacy
work in support of the National Physical Activity Plan’s
recommendations, and the organization maintains a strong voice for
physical activity in Washington, DC, where NCPPA members and staff work
together to encourage federal legislators to make policy changes that
promote regular physical activity in all facets of life.
Russell Pate, PhD, is a professor in the department of exercise
science at the University of South Carolina at Columbia. Pate led the
development of the 2010 U.S. National Physical Activity Plan and served
on the 2008 U.S. Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee. He is
the chairman of the board of directors of the National Physical Activity
Plan Alliance and chairman of the coordinating committee of the National
Physical Activity Plan Alliance.
Pate is a past president of the American College of Sports Medicine
(ACSM) and served as lead author of the 1995 CDC-ACSM Statement on
Physical Activity and Public Health. He is also past president of the
National Coalition for Promoting Physical Activity. In 2012, Pate
received the Honor Award from the ACSM. He received the Honor Award from
the Science Board of the President’s Council on Physical Fitness and
Sports in 2007.
He resides with his wife in Columbia, where he enjoys running, attending
theater performances, and watching collegiate athletics.
David Buchner, MD, MPH, is a Shahid and Ann Carlson Khan
professor in applied health sciences in the department of kinesiology
and community health at the University of Illinois at
Urbana-Champaign. From 2008 to 2013, he directed the master of public
health program in his department. He is a board member for the National
Physical Activity Plan Alliance. From 1999 to 2008, he was chief of the
Physical Activity and Health Branch at the Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention. In this role, Buchner chaired the writing group for the 2008
Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans and participated in
numerous public health initiatives to promote physical
activity. Buchner’s research has focused on physical activity and aging.
He has studied the role of physical activity in preventing functional
limitations, disability, and falls. His favorite recreational activity
is backpacking and hiking with his family.