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Current research is changing the notion that little can be done to deflect the inexorable damage done to the brain by the aging process. Exercise and Its Mediating Effects on Cognition shows that although many factors contribute to a healthy mind, an active lifestyle provides positive contributions to the cognitive functioning of the aging brain.
Exercise and Its Mediating Effects on Cognition examines how physical activity can indirectly affect cognitive function by influencing mediators—such as sleep quality, nutrition, disease states, anxiety, and depression—that affect physical and mental resources for cognition. This volume also identifies and studies key sources of individual variations in exercise and cognitive processes. Seventeen internationally recognized experts in exercise, cognition, neurobiological processes, and aging provide a review of the state of knowledge and, where appropriate, provide practical applications of research findings. The book’s review of research will update and expand current thinking on pertinent issues regarding the relationship between exercise and cognition.
The research presented in Exercise and Its Mediating Effects on Cognition is organized within a general model that illustrates the interrelationships of exercise and physical activity and the mediators that enhance cognition. Each chapter begins with an overview of how the topic fits into the general model. Following each chapter, a summary provides not only the highlights of the chapter but also the consensus or controversies associated with the chapter topic.
The first chapter outlines the exercise–cognition model developed by Spirduso, Poon, Chodzko-Zajko, and the text’s contributors. Chapter 2 discusses exercise, mediators that affect physical and mental resources for cognition, and the combined relational effect on the cognitive process. Chapters 3 through 5 present research conducted on exercise and cognition in relation to depression, stress, and self-efficacy. Chapter 6 discusses cognitive energetics. Methodological problems of exercise and mental resources are presented in chapter 7; and diet, motor behavior, and cognition are discussed in chapter 8. Chapters 9 and 10 discuss the relationships between exercise, sleep, and cognition. The effects of exercise on cognition in cases of hypertension, diabetes, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are presented in chapters 11 through 13. In the final chapter, the editors offer conclusions and future research directions.
Exercise and Its Mediating Effects on Cognition is the second of a three-volume series in Human Kinetics’ Aging, Exercise, and Cognition series, which presents advanced research and key issues for understanding and researching the links between exercise, aging, and cognition. In Exercise and Its Mediating Effects on Cognition, internationally known experts define current knowledge and future directions to address issues of active living, cognitive functioning, and aging. All three volumes are essential references for cognitive gerontologists, medical and health science researchers, exercise science researchers and professionals, and public health administrators interested in scientific evidence demonstrating the beneficial effects of regular physical activity on cognitive functioning and general health during the aging process.
Chapter 1. Using Resources and Reserves in an Exercise–Cognition Model Waneen Spirduso, EdD, Leonard Poon, PhD, and Wojtek Chodzo-Zajko, PhD
Chapter 2. Interrelationships of Exercise, Mediator Variables, and Cognition Jennifer Etnire, PhD
Chapter 3. Exercise, Depression, and Cognition John Bartholomew, PhD, and Joseph T. Ciccolo, MA
Chapter 4. Exercise, Stress Effects, and Cognition Nicole Berchtold, PhD
Chapter 5. Exercise, Self-Efficacy, and Cognition Edward McAuley, PhD, and Steriani Elavsky, MS
Chapter 6. Cognitive Energetics and Aging Phillip Tomporowski, PhD
Chapter 8. Diet, Motor Behavior, and Cognition Jim Joseph, PhD
Chapter 9. Exercise and Sleep Quality Martita Lopez, PhD
Chapter 10. Exercise, Sleep and Cognition: Interactions in Aging Michael Vitello, PhD
Chapter 11. Exercise, Hypertension, and Cognition Hiro Tanaka, PhD, and Miriam Cortez-Cooper, PhD
Chapter 12. Exercise, Diabetes, and Cognition Don Royall, MD
Chapter 13. Exercise, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, and Cognition Charles Emery, PhD
Chapter 14. Conclusions and Future Research Directions Waneen Spirduso, EdD, Leonard Poon, PhD, and Wojtek Chodzo-Zajko, PhD
A reference for cognitive
gerontologists, medical and health researchers in hospitals and health
science centers, and academicians interested in the research of aging,
exercise, and cognition. Also a
supplemental text for graduate students taking special-topic seminars and
for university faculty members who study or teach topics of exercise and
psychosocial benefits of exercise.
is the Oscar and Anne Mauzy Regents Professor in the department of
kinesiology and health education at the University of Texas (UT) at Austin.
She was chair of the UT department of kinesiology and health education
for 14 years and served as interim dean of the College of Education for
2-1/2 years. Since 1975 her academic interests, research, and
presentations have focused on issues central to gerontology and
kinesiology, and her research programs have been sponsored by four of
the National Institutes of Health and several local foundations.
published author, Dr. Spirduso is also a popular speaker at conferences
across the United States. She is the recipient of many honors and
awards, including recognition as the Texas Association for Health,
Physical Education, Recreation and Dance Scholar in 1986 and the
American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance
Scholar (AAHPERD) in 1987. She served two terms as president of the
North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity
(NASPSPA) and one term as president of the AmericanAcademy of
Kinesiology and Physical Education (AAKPE).
Dr. Spirduso is a
fellow of the Gerontological Society of America and a member of AAHPERD,
ACSM, and AAKPE.
is a professor of public health and psychology, chair of the faculty of
gerontology, and director of the GerontologyCenter at the University of Georgia
at Athens. He received his PhD in experimental psychology in 1972 from
the University of Denver and has studied aging and cognition for over 30
years with specific emphasis on environmental and lifestyle influences
that enhance cognitive functioning in older adults.
A fellow of the
American Psychological Association, American Psychological Society,
Association of Gerontology in Higher Education, and the Gerontology
Society of America, Poon was a Fulbright senior research scholar in Sweden
and a senior visiting research scientist to Japan. In 2000, Poon
received an honorary doctorate of philosophy from LundUniversity in Sweden.
Among his research awards are the NIA Special Research Award, VA Medical
Research Service Achievement Award, North American Leader in
Psychogeriatrics, and Southern Gerontological Society Academic
research areas are normal and pathological changes of memory processes
in aging, clinical assessment of memory (including assessment of early
stages of dementia of the Alzheimer’s type), and survival
characteristics and adaptation of centenarians. He is currently
directing a nine-university, NIA-funded program studying the genetic
basis of longevity, relationships between the brain and behavior in
Alzheimer’s disease, and daily functioning capacities of the oldest old.
resides in Athens, Georgia. In his free time he enjoys cycling,
photography, and traveling.
serves as both department head and professor of kinesiology and
community health at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He
served on the World Health Organization Scientific Advisory Committee,
which issued guidelines for physical activity in older adults.
Chodzko-Zajko chairs the Active Aging Partnership, a national coalition
in the area of healthy aging linking the AmericanCollege of Sports
Medicine, the National Institute of Aging, the Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention, the American Geriatrics Society, the National
Council on the Aging, the American Association of Retired Persons, and
the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
Chodzko-Zajko has served as principal investigator of the National
Blueprint Project, a coalition of more than 50 national organizations
with a joint commitment to promoting independent, active aging in the
50+ population. He was founding editor of the Journal of Aging and
Physical Activity and president of the International Society for
Aging and Physical Activity.
He is frequently
invited to speak about healthful aging at national and international
meetings. Chodzko-Zajko has appeared often on television and radio,
including the NBC “Today Show,” National Public Radio, and CNN.
book is the beginning of the approach to a unified theory of geriatrics
and gerontology.” –Doody’s