Discovering Orienteering offers a systematic approach to
learning, teaching, and coaching orienteering. Readers learn a handful
of easy-to-remember skills, techniques, and processes that are
reinforced through more than 60 ready-to-use activities. Presented in a
lesson plan format, these activities assist educators in applying the
benefits of orienteering across the curriculum.
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Engaging the mind and toning the body, orienteering offers a mind–body workout that builds confidence, problem-solving skills, and an appreciation for the natural environment. Written in an engaging manner, Discovering Orienteering: Skills, Techniques, and Activities offers a systematic approach to learning, teaching, and coaching orienteering. Discovering Orienteering presents the basic skills and techniques of the sport for beginners. It also functions as a review for advanced orienteers, featuring stories of orienteering experiences to illustrate the fun, challenge, and adventure of the sport.
An excellent resource for physical educators, recreation and youth leaders, and orienteering coaches, Discovering Orienteering distills the sport into teachable components relating to various academic disciplines, provides an array of learning activities, and includes an introduction to physical training and activities for coaching beginning to intermediate orienteers. Guidelines take eager beginners beyond the basics and prepare them to participate in orienteering events. More than 60 ready-to-use activities assist educators in applying the benefits of orienteering across the curriculum.
Developed in conjunction with Orienteering USA (OUSA), Discovering Orienteering addresses the methods, techniques, and types of orienteering commonly found throughout the United States and Canada. Authors Charles Ferguson and Robert Turbyfill are experienced orienteers with expertise as trainers and elite competitors. Ferguson and Turbyfill also have backgrounds in education with a variety of teaching experiences, lending to the book’s utility as a resource for introducing orienteering in a physical education or youth recreation setting.
Discovering Orienteering begins by explaining the basics of orienteering, including a brief history of the sport followed by information on fitness, nutrition, safety, and tools and equipment. After this introduction, readers learn orienteering skills, techniques, and processes using the OUSA’s systematic teaching and coaching methodology.
Next, readers learn how to apply these skills, techniques, and processes to an event situation. Orienteering ethics and rules are discussed, including the ethical use of special equipment. Information is also included to help readers prepare for and compete in an orienteering event.
Activities in the appendix are presented in a concise lesson plan format indicating the skills or techniques covered in the activity, level of expertise required, and equipment needed.
Discovering Orienteering: Skills, Techniques, and Activities offers an excellent introduction to the sport for beginniners and a comprehensive resource for educators, youth leaders, and coaches. With its systematic approach, Discovering Orienteering can help readers chart a course to fun and adventure in the great outdoors.
Chapter 1. Introduction to Orienteering
What Is Orienteering?
Why Learn to Orienteer?
Basics of Orienteering
Benefits of Orienteering
Places to Orienteer
History of Orienteering
What Orienteering Is Not
Learning to Orienteer Systematically
Chapter 2. Fitness, Nutrition, Equipment, and Safety
Never Get Lost Again
Chapter 3. Map and Compass
Map or Compass?
Terrain and Ground
Chapter 4. Navigational Skills
Estimating Distance by Measure and Pace
Precision Compass Reading
Rough Compass Reading
Orienting the Map
Putting the Skills Together
Chapter 5. Techniques
Finding Attack Points
Collecting Features by Thumbing Along
Using the Techniques With the Skills
Chapter 6. Processes
Orienting the Map
Selecting the Route
Developing Map Memory
Chapter 7. Ethics, Integrity, and Rules
Ethical Assistance to Other Competitors and Environmental Stewardship
Ethical Use of Special Equipment
Chapter 8. Preparing Before an Event
Find an Event
Choose a Course
Gather Your Equipment
Know Your Start Time
Pick Up Your Meet Packet
View the Finish Location
Study the Competition Map
Chapter 9. Getting Ready to Start Your Course
Study Your Control Description Sheet
Fold Your Map Properly
Scope the Map
Prepare Your Scorecard
Chapter 10. Running the Course
At the Start Line
On the Course
At the Finish Line
Record Notes on Your Map
After the Event
Assess Personal Performance
Appendix A Exercises for Teaching Orienteering Skills, Techniques, and Processes
Appendix B Competition Analysis
About Orienteering USA
About the Authors
Resource for physical education teachers, classroom teachers, and
recreation and youth leaders who teach the sport of orienteering.
Reference for outdoor leaders and park rangers, search and rescue
professionals, scout leaders, and personnel in ROTC, JROTC, and military.
Founded in 1971, Orienteering USA is a volunteer-run organization
dedicated to promoting orienteering as a viable and attractive
recreation choice for outdoor enthusiasts; increasing awareness of
orienteering as a tool for education, personal development, and
environmental awareness; and improving the competitive performance of
U.S. orienteering athletes to world-class levels.
Charles Ferguson, PhD, served as president of the United States
Orienteering Federation (USOF) from 1999 to 2007. A former colonel in
the Air Force Reserve, he became the initial vice president of academic
affairs at Marine Corps University at Quantico Marine Base, Virginia,
A member of the U.S. CIOR team and an expert orienteer, Colonel Ferguson
represented the United States as a competitor in eight competitions. In
1977, he led his team to the first U.S. win in the over-35 (veteran)
category in the CIOR military competitions in the United Kingdom. His
team again won the over-35 category in 1982 in the United States.
Colonel Ferguson later served as orienteering coach for the U.S. CIOR
team for 2 years and with his wife, Linda, as orienteering coach for the
Canadian CIOR team for 3 years. Canadian teams finished 11th in
orienteering their first year, in the top 10 the next year, and in first
place their third year. He also served for 13 years on the NATO CIOR
competition commission, leading the rewriting of the orienteering rules
of the competition. At the summer military competitions, he was elected
to the CIOR orienteering technical jury for 5 years, serving as chair
Along with Coach Turbyfill, he teaches the beginning orienteering
course, Zero to Orange in Three Days, and he holds OUSA Olympic level I
and level II orienteering coaching certificates. A frequent orienteering
competitor in the United States, he placed second in his age group in
the 2007 U.S. individual championships.
Dr. Ferguson currently serves in USOF as a director of the OUSA
Endowment Fund (EF) and EF liaison to the OUSA board of directors. He is
also a member of the executive board of the Adventuresports Institute.
LTC Robert Turbyfill works as an analyst for the Department of
Homeland Security in Washington, DC. He has served as a United States
Marine officer for 11 years and as an Army National Guard officer for 14
He is a former all-Marine, interservice, United States, and North
American orienteering champion. He has represented the United States 11
times at world-class competition (8 times as a competitor and 3 times as
the coach of the U.S. orienteering team).
A graduate and faculty member of the Marine Corps Physical Fitness
Academy, he coached the 1977 and 1978 CIOR navigation event. The U.S.
CIOR team won that event for the first time in CIOR history.
In Army ROTC he has coached the Brigham Young University (BYU) ranger
challenge team for four seasons to national titles. His record was
third, first, third, and first in the nation by comparative score at the
Fourth Army ROTC Region at Fort Louis, Washington.
As a team consultant, he is coaching and teaching orienteering to the
USMA orienteering club cadets at West Point. He is the current coaching
certifier for Orienteering USA. He teaches a college-level orienteering
course and an Olympic level 1 coaching course at West Point in
conjunction with the Adventuresports Institute at Garrett College in
western Maryland. He has developed navigation certification standards
approved by the OUSA board of directors in November of 2006.
"Build your orienteering skills quickly using Ferguson and
Turbyfill’s system, which is sequential, logical, and thorough. Using
Discovering Orienteering: Skills, Techniques, and Activities, you’ll
be ready to head off trail in a matter of days with confidence and
Mary Jo Childs-- Author, Coaching Orienteering, U.S. Orienteering
Team Member, 1989 World Orienteering Championships
"I have taught the National Park Service's Basic Search and Rescue
course with Chuck Ferguson. I highly recommend Discovering
Orienteering for improving land navigation skills, whether you are in
search and rescue or the military; or you are a park ranger, hiker, or
bird watcher; or you just love the outdoors and want to get into the
middle of it."
Dan Pontbriand-- Retired Chief Park Ranger and Former Chief of
Emergency Services, National Park Service
"Using these precepts, Coach Ferguson had our team of inexperienced
orienteers soaring in an international NATO military competition in
Denmark, capturing a long-sought-after first-place novice win. I have
long used these skills and techniques in teaching Navy SEALs, so I
endorse them fully."
Grant Staats-- Commander, Navy SEALs and U.S. Navy Reserve, Team
Captain, U.S. CIOR Team
"This book provides a great baseline for anyone learning how to
navigate and is an excellent complement to current military instruction.
Using direct language and often hilarious anecdotes, Chuck has pared
down land navigation to its essence, making an outstanding supplement
for both beginning students and seasoned operators."
Christopher Nelson-- Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, Land Navigation
Instructor, The Basic School