Olympic athlete soothes performance anxiety with music
Music is used in three main ways within sport and exercise: synchronous, asynchronous, and pre-task. The synchronous application of music is typified by the use of the rhythmic, or temporal, aspects of music as a type of metronome that regulates movement patterns.
Over the last decade, advances in underwater MP3 technology have led to the popularization of music use in swimming. This sport demands a regular motor pattern and highly rhythmic limb movements and breathing patterns.
To overcome the almost overwhelming array of potentially negative external forces that inhibit progress toward their goals, people require tight routines, considerable self-discipline, and regular social support. Music can play a critical role by forming part of a routine and creating a mind-set associated with exercise and physical activity.
The role of music in circuit training: Includes a sample playlist
Circuit training has grown considerably in popularity recently because it is an intense workout that can deliver relatively fast results in anaerobic endurance, muscle tone, and cardiorespiratory fitness.
Applying Music in Exercise and Sport combines contemporary
research, evidence-based practice, and specific recommendations to help
exercise and sport professionals, researchers, coaches, students, and
enthusiasts use music to enhance physical activity enjoyment,
motivation, and performance.
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Music has been intertwined with exercise and sport for many decades, and recent advancements in digital technology and personal listening devices have significantly strengthened that bond. Applying Music in Exercise and Sport combines contemporary research, evidence-based practice, and specific recommendations to help exercise and sport professionals, coaches, students, researchers, and enthusiasts use music to enhance enjoyment, motivation, and performance of physical activity. Readers will explore the psychological and physiological effects of music and learn how to apply scientific principles to personal workouts, group exercise classes, and both individual and team sport settings.
Globally known authority and author Costas I. Karageorghis draws from contemporary research in an emerging field of academic study, exploring the application of music in the domain of exercise and sport. Respected psychologist and consultant for major organizations such as British Athletics, England Rugby, Nike, Red Bull, Spotify, IMG, Sony, and Universal Music, Karageorghis incorporates his unique experiences as a performer, researcher, and practitioner in music and sport to create a groundbreaking text that provides readers with an understanding of how music can play an important role in enhancing the experience of exercisers and athletes.
Though Applying Music in Exercise and Sport is grounded in scientific research, content is presented in a way that is easy to comprehend and apply. Readers benefit from tools such as these:
Recommended playlists for a variety of exercise- and sport-specific settings that provide a guide to selecting and segueing music tracks
Tip boxes that help readers determine which track to play to promote or suppress certain emotions
Case studies that illustrate the process of identifying a goal, selecting an appropriate music program, and evaluating outcomes
Applying Music in Exercise and Sport presents an interdisciplinary approach to selecting, integrating, and studying music in physical activity settings. Part I introduces the science of how music can help in exercise and sport and how it can be used to influence specific behaviors and emotions. Legal considerations regarding the use of music in exercise and sport environments are also covered. A range of assessment methods are provided for exercise and sport professionals that will enable them to select music and measure its effectiveness when used in individual, group, or team settings.
Part II focuses on using music to enhance the exercise experience in both individual and group settings. Individual exercise types that are examined include flexibility, aerobic, and strength workouts, while group exercise activities include popular fitness classes such as Spinning, yoga, and circuit training. Part III focuses on how music can enhance sport training and performance, providing rich insight for coaches and competitive athletes participating in individual sports such as cycling, golf, gymnastics, martial arts, and tennis and in team sports such as basketball, soccer, baseball, and American football.
Applying Music in Exercise and Sport facilitates creation of effective playlists, empowers music-related interventions, and enables assessment of the effects of music in the field. Collectively, these music-related skills promote purposeful selection of tracks, optimize psychological responses, and enhance performance.
What Do You Know About Music in Exercise and Sport?
Part I: How and Why Music Can Help Us in Exercise and Sport
Chapter 1. Music in Exercise and Sport
Music and Human Societies Through the Ages
The Music and Exercise Revolution
Music and the Olympic Games
What Is Music?
Music Use in Exercise and Sport
Main Effects of Music
How Music Is Used
Music Use and the Law
Chapter 2. The Science Behind the Music–Performance Connection
Why Certain Tunes Resonate With Us
Factors Influencing Responses to Music: A New Theoretical Model
Chapter 3. Assessing Music and Measuring Its Effects
Using Psychometrics in the Field
Selecting Music for Exercise and Sport
Assessing the Effects of Music During a Task
Assessing the Effects of Music After a Task
Summary Points for Part I
Part II: Using Music to Enhance Exercise and Workouts
Chapter 4. Using Music to Enhance Exercise and Workouts
Using Music in Personal Training
Chapter 5. Group Exercise and Workouts
Classes With Choreographed Movements
Classes and Group Activities With Asynchronous Music
Chapter 6. Case Studies and Playlists
Case Study 1: Mom of Three Sophie Who Wants to Rekindle the Exercise Habit
Case Study 2: Ambitious Exercise-to-Music Instructor Marino Supercharges His Classes
Summary Points for Part II
Part III: Using Music to Enhance Sport Training and Performance
Chapter 7. Individual Sport Training and Performance
Subjectively Scored Sports With an Artistic Component
Power-Based Sports and Events
Ice Track Sports
Aerial and Water-Based Sports
Aiming and Shooting Sports
Chapter 8. Team Sport Training and Performance
High-Contact Field Sports
Subjectively Scored Team Sports
Bat-and-Ball Team Sports
Court-Based Ball Games
Interactive Team Sports
Chapter 9. Case Studies and Playlists
Case Study 1: Frieda’s Run for Freedom
Case Study 2: Coach Anderson Seeks New “Sound System”
Summary Points for Part III
What Do You Now Know About Music in Exercise and Sport?
Answers to Quizzes
About the Author
A reference for sport and exercise science practitioners and
researchers, including fitness professionals, psychologists, coaches,
and physiologists, as well as athletes and fitness enthusiasts. A
supplemental text for students in athletic coaching education, sport and
exercise psychology, and sport science programs. A resource to support
music and physical activity-related project work for senior high school
and undergraduate students.
Costas I. Karageorghis, PhD, CPsychol, CSci, FBASES, AFBPsS, is a
reader in sport psychology in the department of life sciences at Brunel
University London, UK. He is internationally renowned for his research
on the effects of music in the realm of exercise and sport. Karageorghis
is a chartered member of the British Psychological Society, a chartered
member of the Science Council, and a double-accredited member of the
British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, which elected him a
fellow in 2010.
Karageorghis is coauthor of the popular text Inside Sport Psychology
(2011), which has been translated into three languages. He has also
published 10 book chapters, 75 peer-reviewed journal articles, and 100
professional papers in sport and exercise psychology. His music-related
research has been featured in media outlets such as the Times, New
York Times, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, Sydney Morning Herald,
ESPN The Magazine, and National Geographic. He has presented
his research at conferences throughout the world, serving eight times as
a keynote speaker. Karageorghis has worked with numerous international
athletes and sport organizations as well as international corporations
such as Nike, Spotify, International Management Group, Red Bull, Speedo,
From 2007 to 2011, Karageorghis served as head coach of the Great
Britain Students track and field team. He has also managed and coached
the Brunel University London track and field team since the early 1990s,
leading it to seven British Universities championships.