Orientations and styles can be changed to promote exercise adherence
Most authors in the health and exercise psychology literature do not differentiate between personality traits and other personal characteristics called orientations and styles (terms that are used interchangeably), but there are stark differences between the two.
Religious institutions and spiritual leaders influence health behavior
Levin (2001) concluded from his review of the religion and health literature that “nearly every religion espouses beliefs that govern behavior regarding health, disease, and death [and] some religions require behaviors related to health while others forbid behaviors related to health or medical care” (p. 22).
Exercise is challenging, no question about it. People who have spent years leading a sedentary lifestyle cannot expect to strengthen muscles, make new demands on the heart and lungs, lose weight, and reach performance goals in just a few weeks.
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Applied Health Fitness Psychology considers behavioral issues regarding exercise and nutrition using a research-to-practice approach. This comprehensive text explains how health fitness psychology has emerged from other parent disciplines to become a wide-ranging discipline that can be addressed in various exercise, fitness, and health settings, allowing both current and future professionals to assist their patients or clients in adopting healthier lifestyles.
Applied Health Fitness Psychology uses contributions from sport and exercise psychology, counseling and clinical psychology, exercise science, sports medicine, and behavioral medicine to provide a scientific basis for presenting strategies for behavior change. Unique to this text is a critical consideration of cultural, spiritual, and religious components as a factor in initiating and maintaining exercise behavior. The evidence-based approach will help readers use techniques and interventions that promote positive changes among various populations.
Students will grasp the scope of this emerging field by studying the following topics:
The theoretical foundation of health behavior change and motivational theories
Physical, cognitive, and motivational obstacles to adopting a healthy lifestyle
Use of cognitive and behavioral strategies and interventions to promote exercise adherence, set goals, and improve fitness and exercise performance
Steps that will help students become professionals in health fitness psychology
Considerations in working with special populations, such as older adults, pregnant women, individuals recovering from injuries, and individuals with chronic conditions or dysfunctional eating behaviors
Chapter objectives at the start and a summary, review of key concepts, and student activity at the end of each chapter help students and instructors stay focused on understanding the main concepts and putting this information into practice. Highlight boxes, tables, and figures throughout the book keep readers engaged with the material. From Research to Real World sidebars show students how the information in the text can be used in multiple professions and illustrate the many applications for health fitness psychology in today's society. For instructors, Applied Health Fitness Psychology includes online access to a presentation package and test package.
While modifying a person's—or a culture's—disdain for exercise will not happen quickly, Applied Health Fitness Psychology equips aspiring and practicing professionals working in a variety of health, fitness, and allied health fields with strategies to help people make the shift to more active and healthy lifestyles.
Part I. Theoretical Foundations of Health Fitness Psychology Chapter 1. Introduction to Applied Health Fitness Psychology
Psychological Benefits of Exercise
Physical Benefits of Exercise
Motives for Exercising
Why We Keep Our Unhealthy Habits
Challenges of Changing Health Behavior
Defining Applied Health Fitness Psychology
History of Applied Health Fitness Psychology
Chapter 2. Psychological Motivation Theories
Sources of Motivation
Achievement Motivation Theory
Achievement Goal Theory
Goal Orientation Theory
Competence Motivation Theory
Deci's Cognitive Evaluation Theory
Weiner's Attribution Model
Chapter 3. Theories and Models of Exercise Behavior
Health Belief Model
Theories of Reasoned Action and Planned Behavior
Relapse Prevention Model
Drugs in Sport Deterrence Model
Part II. Factors That Influence Health Behavior Chapter 4. Barriers to Positive Health Behavior
Causes of Self-Destructive Behaviors
Obstacles to Adopting a Healthy Lifestyle
Exercise Barriers and Sources of Negative Attitudes
Mental and Psychological Barriers
Health Behavior Intervention Research
Four Components of Health Behavior Change
Chapter 5. Personal Factors
Personality Traits as Predictors of Health Behavior
Orientations, Styles, and Exercise Adherence
Chapter 6. Situational and Environmental Factors
Social Support of Exercise Habits
Fitness Coaching for Exercise Participation
Situational Factors That Promote Physical Activity
Environmental Factors That Promote Physical Activity
Job Incentives That Promote Healthy Lifestyle Choices
Chapter 7. Cultural, Religious, and Spiritual Components
Health Care in Multicultural Populations
Religious Community and Health Habits
Contradictions Between Religious Practice and Unhealthy Living
Health Benefits of Religiousness and Spirituality
Part III. Strategies for Health Behavior Interventions Chapter 8. Exercise Adherence and Compliance
Reasons for Exercise Participation
Perceived Exercise Barriers
Defining Adherence and Compliance
Developing an Exercise Habit
Steps to Achieving Exercise Adherence
Mental Barriers to Exercise Adherence
Weiner's Attribution Model Applied to Exercise Adherence
Chapter 9. Cognitive and Behavioral Strategies
Interventions, Treatments, and Strategies
Exercise Programs and Interventions
Applying Motivation Theory
Chapter 10. Fitness Goal Setting and Leadership
Direction and Quality of Behavior
Goals and Personality
Performance and Outcome Goals
Goal-Setting Guidelines in Exercise Settings
Strategies for Fitness Coaches and Personal Trainers
Part IV. Professional Considerations Chapter 11. Fitness Consulting With Special Populations
Injury Rehabilitation Patients
Cardiac and Pulmonary Rehabilitation Patients
People With Diabetes
People With Physical and Mental Disabilities
People With Chronic Conditions
Chapter 12. Dysfunctional Eating Behaviors
Disordered Eating and Eating Disorders
Multidisciplinary Approach to Combating Eating Disorders
Strategies for Obesity Management
Chapter 13. Professional Organizations and Ethics
About the Author
Textbook for undergraduate students in sport and exercise psychology and health and fitness psychology courses; reference for academic libraries and professionals in the health and fitness and allied health industries (e.g., nursing students, athletic trainers, exercise rehabilitation, dietitians, mental health professionals, medical practitioners) who work directly with patients and clients on exercise prescription, assessment, and adherence.
Mark H. Anshel, PhD, is a professor in the department of health and human performance with a joint appointment in the psychology department at Middle Tennessee State University in Murfreesboro. He is the author of more than 135 research publications, four fitness books, and multiple editions of the text Sport Psychology: From Theory to Practice. His research since 2007 has concerned the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral model on exercise participation and adherence called the Disconnected Values Model. Anshel is recognized as an international leader in providing evidence-based programs and linking research with practice in the areas of exercise and fitness psychology and sport psychology.
Over the course of his career, Anshel has gained hands-on experience consulting with more than 3,000 clients on healthy habits, particularly the use of exercise. His practical career experience began with seven years as a fitness director in community recreation. From 2000 to 2002 Anshel served as a performance coach at the Human Performance Institute in Orlando, Florida, where he provided corporate clients with a cognitive-behavioral program on replacing unhealthy habits with more desirable lifestyle routines. He also served as a performance consultant and researcher related to improving wellness and coping skills with the Murfreesboro Police Department from 2005 to 2011.
In 2009, Anshel was awarded the Distinguished Research Scholar Award from Middle Tennessee State University. Anshel is a fellow of the American Psychological Association (Division 47, Exercise and Sport Psychology). He is the founder and director of the Middle Tennessee State University Employee Health and Wellness Program, which received grant funding of $130,000 over two years. Anshel also served for 10 years on the editorial board of the Journal of Sport Behavior.
In his free time, Anshel enjoys jogging, writing on health-related topics, and reading current events and health-related research. He resides in Murfreesboro, Tennessee.
Supplementary Instructional Materials
All ancillary materials are FREE to course adopters and available at www.HumanKinetics.com/AppliedHealthFitnessPsychology.
Test package. Includes more than 340 true-or-false, multiple-choice, and short-answer questions.
Presentation package. Includes more than 230 PowerPoint text slides that highlight material from the text, which instructors can use for class discussion and demonstration. The slides in the presentation package can be used directly in PowerPoint or can be printed to make transparencies or handouts for distribution to students. Instructors can easily add, modify, and rearrange the order of the slides as well as search for images based on key words.
The presentation package is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-1-4504-6509-0