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Newer technologies and approaches being used to promote physical activity include global positioning system (GPS), geographic information systems (GIS), interactive video games, and persuasive technology. Also, experts suggest that Internet-based physical activity interventions should be used by clinicians to promote and change exercise behavior (Marcus, Ciccolo, and Sciamanna 2009).
People can win the battle of controlling body weight and obesity by not only understanding why they eat and monitoring their food intake closely, but also by incorporating more physical activity into their lifestyles.
Compared to the other physical fitness components, there is a lack of research dealing with balance training for athletes, children, and older adults. It is difficult to compare studies examining the effects of exercise on balance because of diversity in the populations (e.g., young athletes to frail older adults), as well as the lack of standardization in balance outcome measures and training regimens.
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Unique in its scope, depth of content, organization, and approach to the subject matter, the sixth edition of Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription will assist exercise science students and practitioners in bridging the gap between research and practice. Built around physical fitness components, this text shows readers first how to assess each component and then how to design exercise programs based on that assessment.
Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription synthesizes concepts and theories from exercise physiology, kinesiology, measurement, psychology, and nutrition to provide a clearly defined approach to physical fitness testing and the design of individualized exercise programs. Unlike other introductory texts, which typically focus on field testing for evaluating physical fitness, this e-book includes both field and laboratory assessment techniques. This user-friendly e-book offers the latest physical activity and exercise recommendations for health benefits, weight loss, and weight maintenance as well as practical guidelines for designing individualized exercise programs for your clients. Readers will find the latest information on maximal and submaximal graded exercise testing in healthy populations, muscular fitness testing protocols and norms for children and adults, and field tests and norms for evaluating cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness, body composition, flexibility, and balance.
The sixth edition of Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription presents updated content throughout, including new guidelines for exercise testing and prescription from the 2010 edition of ACSM’s Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, plus new physical activity recommendations from the U.S. government, American Dietetic Association, and the American Heart Association. Several topics have also been added or expanded to include updated information on
using new technologies—including global positioning systems (GPS), geographic information systems (GIS), interactive video games (such as Wii), and persuasive technology—to promote physical activity and to change exercise behaviors;
behavior change theories and models, including the health belief model, decision-making theory, theory of reasoned action, theory of planned behavior, and self-determination theory;
certification and licensure of exercise science professionals;
OMNI pictorial scales for assessing ratings of perceived exertion of adults and children;
exercise recommendations for preventing low back pain from the North American Spine Society; and
assessing balance and designing balance programs (new chapter).
Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription begins with an overview of physical activity, health, and disease. Next, preliminary health screening, risk classification, and the principles of fitness assessment, exercise prescription, and exercise program design are discussed. The remainder of the text provides in-depth coverage of assessment and exercise prescription for each of five physical fitness components: cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular fitness, body weight and composition, flexibility, and balance.
Within each chapter, key questions alert readers to essential information, while key points, review questions, and key terms reinforce important concepts and content. For instructors, online access to an instructor guide, test package, and presentation package provides helpful tools for lecture preparation, creative content delivery, and class assessment.
By integrating the latest research, recommendations, and information into direct and clear guidelines for application, the sixth edition of Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription bridges the gap between research and practice for fitness professionals. Its unique scope, depth of coverage, and clearly outlined approach make it a valuable resource for students and exercise science professionals to increase their knowledge, skill, and professional competence.
Chapter 1. Physical Activity, Health, and Chronic Disease
Physical Activity, Health, and Disease: An Overview
Hypercholesterolemia and Dyslipidemia
Obesity and Overweight
Musculoskeletal Diseases and Disorders
Chapter 2. Preliminary Health Screening and Risk Classification
Preliminary Health Evaluation
Testing Procedures for Blood Pressure, Heart Rate, and Electrocardiogram
Chapter 3. Principles of Assessment, Prescription, and Exercise Program Adherence
Physical Fitness Testing
Basic Principles for Exercise Program Design
Exercise Program Adherence
Using Technology to Promote Physical Activity
Exercise Science as a Profession
Chapter 4. Assessing Cardiorespiratory Fitness
Definition of Terms
Graded Exercise Testing: Guidelines and Procedures
Chapter 12. Assessing Balance and Designing Balance Programs
Definitions and Nature of Balance
Factors Affecting Balance and Risk of Falling
Assessment of Balance
Designing Balance Training Programs
As a text for upper undergraduate and graduate exercise science students in advanced courses dealing with physical fitness appraisal and exercise prescription.
Also as a resource for health and fitness instructors, exercise physiologists, personal trainers, and strength and conditioning specialists.
Vivian H. Heyward, PhD, is a Regents professor emerita at the University of New Mexico where she taught physical fitness assessment and exercise prescription courses for 26 years. In addition to the previous editions of this book, she has authored two editions of Applied Body Composition Assessment (Human Kinetics 1996, 2004) as well as numerous articles in research and professional journals dealing with various aspects of physical fitness assessment and exercise prescription.
Heyward has received many professional awards, including Distinguished Alumni Awards from the University of Illinois and the State University of New York at Cortland and the SWACSM Recognition Award for distinguished professional service and achievement.
In her free time, she enjoys hiking, nature photography, and creative journaling. Heyward resides in Albuquerque, New Mexico.