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Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription, Seventh Edition With Online Video, provides a comprehensive approach to physical fitness appraisal and exercise prescription. The text bridges the gap between research and practice and synthesizes concepts and theories from exercise physiology, kinesiology, measurement, psychology, and nutrition to provide a clearly defined approach to physical fitness testing and the design of individualized exercise programs. The accompanying online videos enhance the learning experience and teach the techniques necessary for conducting fitness testing and program design. More than 40 clips featuring common exercise assessments will help users learn essentials of fitness testing, such as calibration of blood pressure cuffs, functional movement assessment, and push-up and pull-up testing.
Unlike introductory texts, which typically focus on field testing for evaluating physical fitness, this text includes both field and laboratory assessment techniques. Readers will find the latest information on maximal and submaximal graded exercise testing in healthy populations, muscular fitness testing protocols and norms for children and adults, and field tests and norms for evaluating cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness, body composition, flexibility, and balance.
The seventh editionof Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription reflects current guidelines and recommendations, including new physical activity recommendations from the U.S. government, American Heart Association, and American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), as well as the latest ACSM guidelines for medical exam and exercise testing requirements before beginning exercise programs. Additional updates to the seventh edition include the following:
New research substantiating the link between physical activity and disease risk
Expanded information on prediabetes, metabolic syndrome, osteoporosis, and overweight and obesity, including updated statistics on the global prevalence of obesity
New dietary guidelines for Americans, including information on MyPlate
Inclusion of SCORE system to estimate 10-year risk of fatal cardiac event due to atherosclerosis
Expanded information on the use of technology to monitor physical activity
Updated information on the use of exergaming and social networking to promote physical activity and exercise
Additional OMNI pictorial scales for ratings of perceived exertion during exercise
Latest ACSM FITT-VP principle for designing aerobic exercise programs
Whole-body vibration as an adjunct to resistance training and flexibility training
Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription, Seventh Edition, is organized around physical fitness components, providing information on assessment followed by guidelines for designing exercise programs to improve each fitness component. The text begins with an overview of physical activity, health, and chronic disease, followed by discussion of preliminary health screening and risk classification, including the principles of fitness assessment, exercise prescription, and exercise program design. The remainder of the text provides in-depth coverage of assessment and exercise prescription for each of five physical fitness components: cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular fitness (strength, endurance, and power), body composition, flexibility, and balance.
In each chapter, key questions help readers focus on essential information. Key points, review questions, and key terms reinforce concepts and summarize chapter content. An instructor guide, test package, chapter quizzes, and presentation package plus image bank provide tools for lecture preparation, creative content delivery, and class assessment. New to the seventh edition are online video clips for both students and instructors to further aid comprehension of the text and provide an additional tool for classroom demonstration.
By integrating the latest research, recommendations, and information into guidelines for application, Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription, Seventh Edition, bridges the gap between research and practice for fitness professionals. Its unique scope, depth of coverage, and clearly outlined approach make it a valuable resource for students and exercise science professionals who want to increase their knowledge, skill, and competence in assessing clients' fitness and designing individualized exercise programs.
Chapter 1. Physical Activity, Health, and Chronic Disease
Physical Activity, Health, and Disease: An Overview
Hypercholesterolemia and Dyslipidemia
Obesity and Overweight
Musculoskeletal Diseases and Disorders
Chapter 2. Preliminary Health Screening and Risk Classification
Preliminary Health Evaluation
Testing Procedures for Blood Pressure, Heart Rate, and Electrocardiogram
Chapter 3. Principles of Assessment, Prescription, and Exercise Program Adherence
Physical Fitness Testing
Basic Principles for Exercise Program Design
Exercise Program Adherence
Using Technology to Promote Physical Activity
Exercise Science as a Profession
Chapter 4. Assessing Cardiorespiratory Fitness
Definition of Terms
Graded Exercise Testing: Guidelines and Procedures
Maximal Exercise Test Protocols
Submaximal Exercise Test Protocols
Field Tests for Assessing Aerobic Fitness
Exercise Testing for Children and Older Adults
Chapter 5. Designing Cardiorespiratory Exercise Programs
The Exercise Prescription
Aerobic Training Methods and Modes
Personalized Exercise Programs
Chapter 6. Assessing Muscular Fitness
Definition of Terms
Strength and Muscular Endurance Assessment
Sources of Measurement Error in Muscular Fitness Testing
Additional Considerations for Muscular Fitness Testing
Muscular Fitness Testing of Older Adults
Muscular Fitness Testing of Children
Chapter 7. Designing Resistance Training Programs
Types of Resistance Training
Developing Resistance Training Programs
Common Questions About Resistance Training
Effects of Resistance Training Programs
Chapter 8. Assessing Body Composition
Classification and Uses of Body Composition Measures
Body Composition Models
Reference Methods for Assessing Body Composition
Field Methods for Assessing Body Composition
Chapter 9. Designing Weight Management and Body Composition Programs
Obesity, Overweight, and Underweight: Definitions and Trends
Obesity: Types and Causes
Weight Management Principles and Practices
Designing Weight Management Programs: Preliminary Steps
Designing Weight Loss Programs
Designing Weight Gain Programs
Designing Programs to Improve Body Composition
Chapter 10. Assessing Flexibility
Basics of Flexibility
Assessment of Flexibility
Flexibility Testing of Older Adults
Chapter 11. Designing Programs for Flexibility and Low Back Care
Designing Flexibility Programs: Exercise Prescription
Designing Low Back Care Exercise Programs
Chapter 12. Assessing Balance and Designing Balance Programs
Definitions and Nature of Balance
Factors Affecting Balance and Risk of Falling
Assessment of Balance
Designing Balance Training Programs
Appendix A Health and Fitness Appraisal
A.1Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q)
A.2Medical History Questionnaire
A.3Checklist for Signs and Symptoms of Disease
A.4Physical Activity Readiness Medical Examination (PARmed-X)
A.5 SCORE System
A.6 Relative Risk Chart
A.9Websites for Selected Professional Organizations and Institutes
Appendix B Cardiorespiratory Assessments
B.1Summary of Graded Exercise Test and Cardiorespiratory Field Test Protocols
B.2Rockport Fitness Charts
B.3Step Test Protocols
B.4OMNI Ratings of Perceived Exertion Scales
B.5Analysis of Sample Case Study in Chapter 5
Appendix C Muscular Fitness Exercises and Norms
C.1Standardized Testing Protocols for Digital, Handheld Dynamometry
C.2Average Strength, Endurance, and Power Values for Isokinetic (Omni-Tron) Tests
C.3 Age-Gender Norms for 1-RM Squat and 1-RM Bench Press for Novice to Elite
C.5 Dynamic Resistance Training Exercises
Appendix D Body Composition Assessments
D.1 Prediction Equations for Residual Volume
D.2 Standardized Sites for Skinfold Measurements
D.3 Skinfold Sites for Jackson’s Generalized Skinfold Equations
D.4 Standardized Sites for Circumference Measurements
D.5 Standardized Sites for Bony Breadth Measurements
D.6 Ashwell Body Shape Chart
Appendix E Energy Intake and Expenditure
E.1 Food Record and RDA Profile
E.2 Sample Computerized Analysis of Food Intake
E.3 Physical Activity Log
E.4 Gross Energy Expenditure for Conditioning Exercises, Sports, and Recreational Activities
E.5 Healthy Eating Pyramids
Appendix F Flexibility and Low Back Care Exercises
F.1 Selected Flexibility Exercises
F.2 Exercise Dos and Don’ts
F.3 Exercises for Low Back Care
List of Abbreviations
About the Authors
Text for upper-undergraduate and graduate exercise science students in advanced courses dealing with physical fitness appraisal and exercise prescription; resource for health and fitness instructors, exercise physiologists, personal trainers, and strength and conditioning specialists.
Vivian H. Heyward, PhD, is a Regents professor emerita at the University of New Mexico, where she taught physical fitness assessment and exercise prescription courses for 26 years. In addition to the previous editions of this book, she has authored two editions of Applied Body Composition Assessment (Human Kinetics, 1996, 2004) as well as numerous articles in research and professional journals dealing with various aspects of physical fitness assessment and exercise prescription. Heyward has received many professional awards, including Distinguished Alumni Awards from the University of Illinois and the State University of New York at Cortland and the SWACSM Recognition Award for distinguished professional service and achievement.
In her free time, she enjoys hiking, nature photography, golfing, and snowshoeing. Heyward resides in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
Ann L. Gibson, PhD, is an associate professor and researcher in exercise science at the University of New Mexico, with research interests in body composition and physiological responses to exercise. She developed the ancillary materials for the sixth edition of Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription in addition to coauthoring the seventh edition.
Gibson has presented internationally in the area of obesity research. She has also published original research in journals such as Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery.
Gibson resides in New Mexico, where she enjoys spending time outdoors hiking, biking, climbing, cross-country skiing, and gardening.
Supplementary Instructional Materials
Instructor guide. Includes sample syllabi, course outlines, a class project, and activity and lab suggestions.
Test package. Includes more than 250 true-or-false, multiple-choice, fill-in-the-blank, and short-answer questions.
Presentation package plus image bank. Includes more than 400 PowerPoint text slides that highlight material from the text that instructors can use for class discussion and demonstration. Plus, the image bank includes most of the figures, content photos, and tables from the text, sorted by chapter, that can be used to develop a customized presentation based on specific course requirements.
The slides in the presentation package can be used directly in PowerPoint or can be printed to make transparencies or handouts for distribution to students. Instructors can easily add, modify, and rearrange the order of the slides as well as search for images based on key words.
The presentation package plus image bank is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-1-4504-6814-5
Chapter quizzes. A 15-question quiz at the conclusion of each chapter helps instructors assess students' comprehension of the most important concepts in the chapter. Chapter quizzes can be imported into learning management systems or used in RTF format by instructors who prefer to offer a written quiz.
Online video. Includes 44 video clips for more than 75 minutes of content, helping readers focus on the content of the text. The video demonstrates exercise assessments, procedures, and common errors and offers tips on interacting with clients. Instructors can use the video in the classroom to help students visualize the techniques. Students will have access to the video, which is cross-referenced to relevant content in the text.
The online video is also available for purchase separately • ISBN 978-1-4504-6813-8