The underappreciated role of exercise in diabetes prevention
In the United States and Europe, between 5% and 8% of the adult population is estimated to suffer from T2D, and in genetically prone subpopulations, the prevalence may be as high as approximately 50% (Frøsig & Richter, 2009).
Effectiveness of different approaches to weight reduction in obese humans
The nonhomeostatic control of feeding and the operation of hedonic neural substrates that facilitate food intake despite supranormal body fat accumulation instruct us that the prerequisites for maintaining healthy body mass level are restraint in eating food, high levels of physical activity, and periodic episodes of weight loss.
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Advanced Exercise Endocrinology presents a comprehensive examination of the relationship between physical activity and hormone function. As the newest addition to Human Kinetics’ Advanced Exercise Physiology Series, this resource offers the most up-to-date information on the quickly advancing field of exercise endocrinology. Written by leading exercise endocrinologist Katarina Borer, Advanced Exercise Endocrinology is an essential reference for exercise physiologists, physiotherapists, and other health professionals researching the connections between exercise, hormone function, and health.
Advanced Exercise Endocrinology explains how the human body responds to exercise in order to support the increased energy demand. Readers will explore topics including body fluid balance during exercise and at rest, endocrine and autonomic control of cardiorespiratory function, hormonal control of energy expenditure, and the role of reproductive hormones in exercise. The text offers an integrative perspective and includes the following unique features:
An emphasis on the effects of hormones during exercise in the context of biological functions or physiological events to help readers appreciate the complexity of hormonal response from a functional, whole-body perspective
A discussion of hormone actions in exercise with an emphasis on the mechanisms of action, which is key to developing an advanced understanding of metabolism and somatic and physiological adaptations to training
A chapter that brings together research on nonhormonal signaling in exercise, a topic not often presented in a comprehensive manner
An introduction to the principles of hormone measurements, which will be especially helpful to students considering a future in research
Combining foundational concepts and research, this text offers engaging and accessible coverage of this advanced field of study. Chapter summaries help readers focus on the most significant issues presented for each topic, and extensive illustrations, figures, and graphs provide visual reinforcement of key concepts and important research findings. Special sidebars highlight analyses of interesting research findings and practical applications. In examining current research, readers will be able to identify emerging topics and possible directions for future exploration.
While the connection between exercise, hormones, and health is well acknowledged, the field had yet to be fully explored. Advanced Exercise Endocrinology will help students and professionals from many health fields better understand how interactions between physical activity and hormone action work to maintain health, improve exercise performance, and prevent metabolic disabilities.
Human Kinetics’ Advanced Exercise Physiology Series offers books for advanced undergraduate and graduate students as well as professionals in exercise science and kinesiology. These books highlight the complex interaction of various systems both at rest and during exercise. Each text in this series offers a clear and concise explanation of the system and details how each is affected by acute exercise and chronic exercise training. Advanced Exercise Endocrinology is the fourth volume in the series.
Chapter 1. Unique Properties of Endocrine and Autonomic Messengers
Functions of the Endocrine and the Autonomic Nervous Systems
Classification of Hormones
Chemical Structure of Hormones
Hormone Release and Transport
Hormone Receptors and Hormone-Receptor Message Transduction
Properties of Hormone-Receptor Interactions
Summary Chapter 2. Activation of Non-Hormonal Signaling During Exercise
Signal Transduction by Neuronal and Electrostatic Events in Exercise
Intracellular Calcium Release as a Trigger of Signal Transduction
Signal Transduction of Mechanical Strain, Vibration, and Fluid Shear
Signaling in Response to Sensing of Energy Need
Free Radicals as Initiators of Message Transduction
Summary Chapter 3. Autonomic and Hormonal Control of the Cardiorespiratory System
Afferent Signals to the ANS
Functional Significance of Dual Autonomic Innervation of Cardiorespiratory Organs
Control of Cardiorespiratory Function by ANS and Hormones
Summary Chapter 4. Body Fluid Balance
Increases in Body Heat Load During Exercise
Thermoregulatory Changes of Body Water During Exercise
Consequences of Fluid Loss Through Sweating
Cessation of Renal Reabsorptive Function During Exercise
Thirst and Sodium Hunger After Exercise
Hyperhydration and Hyponatremia
Strategies for Fluid Management in Exercise
Summary Chapter 5. Hormones and the Fuel Use in Exercise
Hormonal Mediation of Energy Balance
Hormones in Fuel Mobilization and Utilization During Aerobic Exercise
Hormones in Fuel Mobilization and Utilization During Anaerobic or Resistance Exercise
Summary Chapter 6. Hormonal Control of Energy Expenditure and Intake
Effect of Exercise on Appetite
Effect of Energy Cost of Exercise on Putative Appetite Suppressing Hormones
Nonhomeostatic Character of Spontaneous Physical Activity or Locomotion
Leptin and Insulin Regulate Energy Balance by Acting on Brain Substrates of Reward
New Concept of Energy Regulation Can Facilitate Use of Exercise for Weight Loss
Summary Chapter 7. Exercise and Reproductive Hormones
Development of Phenotypic Sexual Dimorphism
Effects of Exercise on Sex Hormone Secretion
Effects of Sex Hormones on Physical Performance
Summary Chapter 8. Hormonal Mediation in Training Adaptations
Systemic Hormones in Adaptations to Endurance Training
Role of Systemic Anabolic Hormones in Adaptations to Resistance Training
Nutritional Modulation of Hormonal Adaptations to Exercise Training
Summary Chapter 9. Exercise and Endocrine Rhythms
Basics of Biological Rhythm Physiology and Terminology
Synchronization of Circadian Rhythms by the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus
Control of Biological Rhythms by Food-Entrainable Oscillator
Control of Ultradian Rhythms
Control of Biological Rhythms by Exercise
Summary Chapter 10. Measuring Hormones
Measuring Hormone Concentration
Measuring Biological Actions of Hormones
Measuring Hormone Synthesis and Site of Production
Measuring the Rate of Hormone Secretion
About the Author
Reference for exercise physiologists and physiotherapists; text for graduate-level exercise physiology courses and physiotherapy courses.
Katarina T. Borer, PhD, is a professor in the School of Kinesiology at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, where she has spent over 35 years teaching and researching the hormonal control of metabolism, particularily in response to exercise. She has spent 40 years researching endocrine mechanisms operating in acceleration of growth by exercise and regulation of energy balance. Borer also developed and validated radioimmunoassay for hamster growth hormone and prolactin.
She is a member of the American College of Sports Medicine, Endocrine Society, American Diabetes Association, American Physiological Society, and Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior. In 1991, Borer received a Fulbright scholarship to the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, where she studied the expression of IGF-I mRNA in exercising hamsters. She has been a visiting professor on the kinesiology faculty at the University of Zagreb in Croatia since 2002. Borer was also awarded the title of Meritorious Professor in 2010 from the University of Zagreb.
Borer and her husband, Paul Wenger, reside in Ann Arbor. Borer enjoys spending time with her grandchildren, painting, studying art, listening to opera and classical music, and devoting time to her environmental interests, especially the recycling of resources.