Shopping Basket 0
Human Kinetics Publishers, Inc.

HUMAN KINETICS

News and Excerpts

News and Excerpts

Physical Activity for Health and Well-Being

This is an excerpt from Psychological Dynamics of Sport and Exercise, Fourth Edition by Diane Gill, Lavon Williams, and Erin Reifsteck.

Lifestyle physical activity is increasingly promoted in the media, as well as in health and kinesiology resources. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) published Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans in 2008 and the updated Healthy People 2020 objectives in 2010. The focus of these guidelines and objectives is to improve Americans’ health, fitness, and quality of life through daily physical activity. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website also has a section that offers resources and information on physical activity.

Physical inactivity has been linked to nearly all major health problems, including increased risk for heart disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, and negative psychological conditions such as depression and anxiety (USDHHS, 2008), whereas regular physical activity is associated with a reduction in all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and obesity (Kesaniemi et al., 2001). Further benefits of an active lifestyle include improved physical function and independent living, as well as decreased likelihood of depression.

The interest in physical activity and health promotion is not limited to the United States. The World Health Organization (WHO) includes physical activity as a public health priority, and the WHO website contains information on physical activity and health that parallels U.S. reports. Physical inactivity is a major health problem around the world, and WHO estimates that over 80 percent of the world’s adolescent population does not get enough physical activity to meet recommendations. Globally, adults in developed countries are the most likely to be inactive. Like the CDC, the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), and many governmental and professional organizations in North America, WHO promotes physical activity and offers recommendations for both individuals and public policies.

The USDHHS and ACSM recommend at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity on most, if not all, days of the week (or minimum of 150 minutes total per week), yet data from population-based surveys consistently show that the majority of the U.S. population is insufficiently active. Less than half of the U.S. population meets physical activity guidelines, and less than 20 percent meet recommendations for both aerobic and muscle strengthening activities, with higher rates of inactivity among those who are older, racial or ethnic minorities, female, less educated, overweight, or have a history of being physically inactive. Physical activity patterns of childhood and adolescence begin the lifetime patterns that promote health in adulthood, but unfortunately, the evidence indicates that activity declines in adolescence, particularly for girls (CDC, 2014).

Lox, Martin Ginis, and Petruzzello (2014) summarize the epidemiological data on physical activity patterns around the world as follows:

  • The number of people worldwide who exercise at even the minimal level to achieve physical benefits is low (conservatively estimated at 50 percent); at least 25 percent do not exercise at all.
  • Participation in physical activity declines linearly across the life span, and time spent in sedentary activities increases.
  • Males are more likely to engage in vigorous activity, although women engage in as much moderate physical activity as men.
  • Differences are small, but low-income groups and ethnic minority groups tend to participate in less physical activity than the overall population.
  • The higher the education level, the greater the participation in physical activity. Although not as strong, a similar relationship exists between income level and physical activity.


Moreover, 50 percent of adults who start to exercise in fitness programs drop out within six months, and as Buckworth, Dishman, O’Connor, and Tomporowski (2013) note, this high dropout rate has not changed over the last several decades.

Much of the interest in physical activity motivation stems from increasing public recognition of the health benefits of exercise coupled with the fact that most people do not act on that recognition. Given this global lack of physical activity participation, the ability to understand and apply sport and exercise psychology principles is important for professionals seeking to promote health-related physical activity programs.


Learn more about Psychological Dynamics of Sport and Exercise, Fourth Edition.

Facebook Reddit LinkedIn Twitter

The above excerpt is from:

Psychological Dynamics of Sport and Exercise-4th Edition

Psychological Dynamics of Sport and Exercise-4th Edition

$86.00
View other formats
 

More excerpts from this book

 
Psychological Dynamics of Sport and Exercise-4th Edition

Related Excerpts

Subscribe to feed Subscribe to feed
Share Facebook Reddit LinkedIn Twitter

Tools


Print Save to favorites


Articles and Links


Positive and Negative Emotions - Accent on Positive
Anxiety is an often-studied emotion, particularly in sport and exercise psychology. What are the other emotions?
Using and Evaluating Stress Management Techniques
Relaxation exercises consist of both body-to-mind techniques (e.g., progressive muscle relaxation) and mind-to-body techniques (e.g., meditation).


Featured Products


Psychological Dynamics of Sport and Exercise 4th Edition eBook
The fourth edition of this foundational overview text reflects the latest developments in the field of sport and exercise psychology and presents various applications in a range of physical activity settings.
$47.00
Psychological Dynamics of Sport and Exercise-4th Edition
The fourth edition of this foundational overview text reflects the latest developments in the field of sport and exercise psychology and presents various applications in a range of physical activity settings.
$86.00

Get the latest news, special offers, and updates on authors and products. SIGN UP NOW!

Human Kinetics Rewards

About Our Products

Book Excerpts

Catalogs

News and Articles

About Us

Career Opportunities

Events

Business to Business

Author Center

HK Today Newsletter

Services

Exam/Desk Copies

Language rights translation

Association Management

Associate Program

Rights and Permissions

Partnerships

Partners

Programs

Certifying Organizations

Continuing Education Policies

Connect with Us

YouTube Tumblr Pinterest

Terms & Conditions

/

Privacy Policy

/

Safe Harbor