The transverse tarsal joint (the midtarsal joint) is composed of the talonavicular and the calcaneocuboid articulations (figure 11.38). Together with the subtalar joint, the transverse tarsal joint creates most of the supination and pronation action of the foot. Two joint axes can be visualized in the transverse tarsal joint, creating supination and pronation with a spiraling feeling in the midfoot and forefoot.
If you prefer anatomical imagery, imagine a slight amount of supination in the transverse tarsal joint as you bend your legs and a slight amount of pronation in your transverse tarsal joint as you stretch your legs. As you pronate your foot, the top of the heel-ship will rock inward; however, the transverse tarsal joint allows the midfoot and forefoot to counterbalance in the opposite direction of supination. As you supinate your foot, the heel-ship rocks outward and the transverse tarsal ...
Not only are muscles interrelated but also the layering of muscles down to the sarcomeres are in a complex fascial dialogue. From here, discrete bands run up to the ribs (iliocostalis), transverse processes and ribs (longissimus), and spinous processes (spinalis). Below the erector muscles, several groups of short muscles lie deep within the gutter next to the spinous processes.
1. Roll down, roll up from transversospinalis: Imagine the erector spinae muscles. 3. Activate the deep muscles: Imagine the deep muscles of the spine, the transversospinalis muscles. As you roll up again, imagine the strength for this action residing in the deep spinal muscles while the superficial muscles remain soft and relaxed.
The second edition of Dance Imagery for Technique and Performance gives you the opportunity to listen to four audio recordings by author Eric Franklin. The first audio recording, called Purifying Liquid, focuses on the interior of the body with the aim of removing tension and making the body a clear and open space for fresh imagery. To download the MP3 files, right click on the link and select "Save Link As" (Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox) or "Save Target As" (Internet Explorer).
Your mind plays an intense role in dance anatomy and improvement in technique. After practicing visualization skills during the exercises, send those brief images through your mind before classes, rehearsals, and performances. Each chapter has a section called Dance-Focused Exercise guiding you on applying these skills to the exercises in that chapter.
The diaphragm weaves into the fibers of the transverse abdominal muscles and has various connections to thoracic and abdominal organs such as the liver. To better understand why pulling in the abdominal muscles is not beneficial to breathing, take a brief look at the evolution of the diaphragm. The shallow breathing resulting from holding the abdominals reduces their natural conditioning; the deeper you breathe, the more the abdominal muscles condition, 24 hours a day.
Strength training can slow the metabolic decreases, muscle loss, and weight gain that normally occur in middle-aged women. Incremental bone formation occurs within 8 to 12 weeks of strength training, but four to six months of progressive resistance training is the minimum amount of time needed to increase bone mineral density (Graves and Franklin 2001). Because bone loss, muscle loss, and decreases in strength and endurance occur when strength training ends, postmenopausal women are urged ...