Target archery has so different games and categories set for age, ability, type of equipment used, type of target shot at, and the number of targets or arrows shot. Field Archery Field archery is a spin-off of Olympic-style shooting and began during the 1930s to fill the needs of many archers to compete in less formalized settings. The National Field Archery Association (NFAA) is the official organizer of clubs and field-archery tournaments.
So you can have a low total cholesterol level and still have some risk if your HDL is low. You should know all three numbers (total cholesterol, LDL, and HDL), as well as your cholesterol to HDL ratio. But elevated triglycerides may be a risk factor for CAD when cholesterol levels are low.
Considering a youth strength training program? Youth should genuinely appreciate the benefits and risks associated with strength training, and teachers and coaches should have a solid understanding of strength-training principles. Participants should precede strength training with dynamic warm-up activities and end each workout with cool-down stretching.
Although a person may have numerous possible combinations of needs and goals that drive their decisions to engage in resistance training, for the purpose of resistance exercise selection we will group goals into two general classifications, performance-based goals and aesthetic-based goals. This process not only is vital for effective exercise selection but also will aid in organizing exercises into training routines and designing overall programs as presented in chapter 6. These goals also ...
Although muscle cramps are reported to occur during the sodium-deficient state, some researchers believe that alterations in sodium balance are not involved in exercise-associated cramps. Despite so little being known about low calcium intake and muscle cramps, calcium is one of the nutritional factors people most associate with relieving cramps, second only to the potassium-rich banana. Muscle weakness, muscle twitching, and muscle cramps are common symptoms of magnesium deficiency.
Recent scientific research also suggests that people who exercise will enjoy some of the health benefits associated with regular exercise including: lower risks of developing heart disease, adult-onset diabetes (type 2 diabetes), and osteoporosis. Some of the health benefits associated with regular exercise include lower risks of developing heart disease, adult-onset diabetes (type 2 diabetes), and osteoporosis. Regular exercise often results in modest decreases in body weight and fat ...
Type I fibers, the so-called slow-twitch (ST) muscle fibers, are associated with less powerful, more enduring functions. Type II muscle fibers, the so-called fast-twitch (FT) fibers, are associated with shorter bursts of explosive action. Type II fibers are further subdivided into Type IIa and Type IIb fibers, with a-types having greater ability for aerobic metabolism and more resistance to fatigue.
Although the exact mechanisms are not fully understood, current theory suggests that DOMS is actually a product of damage to muscle tissue. Because DOMS is related to muscle damage and muscle damage is believed to initiate the growth process, it should follow that DOMS promotes muscular development. Research shows that concentric-only exercise results in significant increases in lean muscle tissue without associated DOMS.
Players who are mentally tough thrive on the pressure associated with playing competitive softball. To prepare for these pressure situations, a player must practice under stress. Directing attention to what a player can control, coupled with a competitive mind-set during the game, will help players enjoy the journey as well as the destination.
Later in the season, I close up the space between each hurdle bya shoe’s length, or even a shoe and a half per hurdle, to help the athletes produce a faster neuromuscular memory pattern. The shorter, closer hurdles enhance the athletes’ “quickness” of the technique on the hurdle, first step after the hurdle, and speed between the hurdles. He or she approaches the hurdle and completes the lead-leg action over half of the hurdle.