If the ball is hit, the defense should expect the runner to attempt to take an extra base, especially if the ball is hit behind the runner. In the run-and-hit, the runner is basically stealing, but the batter has the green light to hit a good pitch or not swing if it is not her pitch. There is a risk that the batter will hit a fly ball or line drive, resulting in a double play, but if successful, the run-and-hit can result in extra bases or prevent the double play.
However, process-oriented evaluations conducted by TPSR program leaders themselves are common and often quite valuable. For these reasons, process-oriented evaluations conducted by TPSR program leaders themselves are common and often quite valuable. Depending on a program leader’s context and reason for evaluating the program (e.g., for research, funding, oversight, program improvement, or assessing impact), it is usually wise to draw on multiple sources of evidence.
Parks and recreation departments provide a wide variety of programs and services to their local communities. Park and recreation agencies must work to gather the information they need to determine if the objectives of the program are being met and whether these are class objectives, agency objectives, or objectives for the community. Historically, park and recreation agencies did not regularly evaluate program outcomes for the participants.
This process is used in all research and evaluation projects, regardless of the research method (scientific method of inquiry, evaluation research, or action research). The scientific research process is a multiple-step process where the steps are interlinked with the other steps in the process. Table 2.4 lists the steps of the research process and provides an example of each step for a sample research study.
The instrumentation process defines what data need to be collected and the timing of the data collection process. The results of the study can be influenced by the time that data are gathered, where the data are gathered, and who gathers the data. The type of analysis used with data is determined by whether the data are quantitative or qualitative data.
The deadline for abstract submission for the NASPSPA conference is January 20. The deadline for abstract submission for the NASPSPA conference is January 20. Please visit http://www.naspspa.org/abstracts/instructions.cfm to submit your abstract. The meeting will be held in Tucson, Arizona, June 10-12. Additional information and pictures can be found at http://www.naspspa.org/conf/.
The North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA), a multidisciplinary association of scholars from the behavioral sciences and related professions, will hold its 2010 conference in Tucson, Arizona, June 10-12. Additional information and pictures can be found at http://www.naspspa.org/conf/. The deadline for abstract submission for the NASPSPA conference is January 20. Please visit http://www.naspspa.org/abstracts/instructions.cfm to submit your abstract. ...
Programs that specifically target balance-control systems can increase strength and improve postural stability, thereby reducing fall risks. Postural sway and static postural stability are inversely related: increases in postural sway indicate decreases in postural stability. When one system is impaired, healthy adults can maintain static postural stability by relying on input from the other systems (Horak et al.
Physical fitness is more highly related to physical self-efficacy than to physical competence, physical acceptance, and global self-esteem. Physical competence is more highly related to global self-esteem than is physical self-efficacy or physical fitness. Thus, physical performance influences physical self-worth and physical self-worth influences performance.
Community-wide campaigns involve many community sectors and partnerships, are large in scale and require high-intensity efforts with sustained high visibility, and use communication techniques to develop the physical activity campaign messages. Given the favorable effects on physical activity participation and energy expenditure, the Task Force on Community Preventive Services concluded that there is strong evidence to recommend community-wide campaigns to increase physical activity in ...