Physical fitness is more highly related to physical self-efficacy than to physical competence, physical acceptance, and global self-esteem. Physical competence is more highly related to global self-esteem than is physical self-efficacy or physical fitness. Thus, physical performance influences physical self-worth and physical self-worth influences performance.
While performance outcomes are often the central focus for any athlete or sport scientist, compression garments may have greater advantages to improve recovery following an exercise bout (Duffield, Cannon, and King 2010). Recent studies on the effects of compression garments to assist recovery following exercise also report mixed findings. In this case, wearing compression garments during the recovery phase may have assisted blunt markers of muscle damage and improved perceived recovery of ...
However, process-oriented evaluations conducted by TPSR program leaders themselves are common and often quite valuable. For these reasons, process-oriented evaluations conducted by TPSR program leaders themselves are common and often quite valuable. Depending on a program leader’s context and reason for evaluating the program (e.g., for research, funding, oversight, program improvement, or assessing impact), it is usually wise to draw on multiple sources of evidence.
The main factor influencing the extent of acute changes to triglycerides and HDL is the amount of energy expended during the exercise session, irrespective of exercise intensity. However, there appears to be little cumulative effect of repeated daily sessions of exercise on LPL activity, explaining why the decrease in triglycerides is essentially an acute effect of exercise that dissipates within 24 h. Prior exercise has such a clear effect on postprandial triglycerides that this model has ...
The water-immersion recovery technique consists of covering part of the body, or the whole body, in water. Contrasting water temperature (CWT), which consists of alternating immersion in cold and hot water. Based on the assumption that immersion in varying depths of warm water may be more beneficial than simple immersion, recent work has studied the effects of both water immersion and hydrostatic pressure on early recovery (Wilcock, Cronin, and Hing 2006).
Parks and recreation departments provide a wide variety of programs and services to their local communities. Park and recreation agencies must work to gather the information they need to determine if the objectives of the program are being met and whether these are class objectives, agency objectives, or objectives for the community. Historically, park and recreation agencies did not regularly evaluate program outcomes for the participants.
This process is used in all research and evaluation projects, regardless of the research method (scientific method of inquiry, evaluation research, or action research). The scientific research process is a multiple-step process where the steps are interlinked with the other steps in the process. Table 2.4 lists the steps of the research process and provides an example of each step for a sample research study.
The instrumentation process defines what data need to be collected and the timing of the data collection process. The results of the study can be influenced by the time that data are gathered, where the data are gathered, and who gathers the data. The type of analysis used with data is determined by whether the data are quantitative or qualitative data.
The deadline for abstract submission for the NASPSPA conference is January 20. The deadline for abstract submission for the NASPSPA conference is January 20. Please visit http://www.naspspa.org/abstracts/instructions.cfm to submit your abstract. The meeting will be held in Tucson, Arizona, June 10-12. Additional information and pictures can be found at http://www.naspspa.org/conf/.
The North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA), a multidisciplinary association of scholars from the behavioral sciences and related professions, will hold its 2010 conference in Tucson, Arizona, June 10-12. Additional information and pictures can be found at http://www.naspspa.org/conf/. The deadline for abstract submission for the NASPSPA conference is January 20. Please visit http://www.naspspa.org/abstracts/instructions.cfm to submit your abstract. ...