By invoking what is called the segmental interaction principle, the forces acting between the segments of a body transfer the potential and contractile energy generated by the muscles during the motion through the segments, and the final result is an increased application of force. Body roll plays an integral part when swimming freestyle and backstroke because, when swimming these two strokes, the torso rotates around the longitudinal axis of the body. This reduction in body roll is not ...
Both the swimmer and the coach should learn and experiment with variations because these physical experiences go into the swimmer’s overall inventory and help make the athlete’s chosen start style more athletic and effective. The swimmer should use the whole body to create the start. Many swimmers who come into our program do the backstroke start by accelerating the head, arms, and legs out of sync with the body and therefore lose a lot of potential acceleration.
Designing and implementing a training program for the butterfly events presents a formidable challenge to coaches. Therefore, the majority of stroke training for butterfly swimmers is geared to one of the Olympic distances, and all types of training are thrown into the mix. Most swimmers who excel at the 100-meter butterfly are speed oriented and also train for the 100 freestyle or possibly the short individual medley.
Hannula has coached four U.S. Olympic team swimmers, including Kaye Hall, Olympic- and world-record holder for the 100-meter backstroke. He has also coached numerous Olympic team members; World University Games swimmers; Pan American Games and World Championship swimmers; several U.S. national champions; and American record holders. He is an eight-time Olympic team coach, a six-time World Championship team coach, seven-time World Cup team coach, and four-time Pan American Games team coach.