See how dietary guidelines have developed to help promote health, decrease the risk of chronic disease, meet nutrient requirements, and support active lives. This is an excerpt from Sport Nutrition for Health and Performance, Second Edition. By Melinda M. Manore, Nanna L. Meyer, and Janice Thompson
Learn how to recognize a potential fad diet or nutrition program. Consumers must remember that if the claims associated with the diets were true, there would be no need for people to continue dieting and no need for the next fad diet! For example, if the Dr. Atkins diet, popular in the 1970s, had worked, there would be no need for the "new and improved" Dr. Atkins’ New Diet Revolution in the 1990s and 2000s.
Because of the many potential risks associated with supplements, it is important to critically evaluate ergogenic substances prior to using or recommending them. Several organizations now offer third-party evaluations of dietary supplements. In recent years, the Australian Institute of Sport has implemented a sport supplement program to ensure that athletes are using sport foods and supplements safely.
Once enrolled in the program, individuals are periodically asked to fill out detailed questionnaires about their successful weight loss, current weight maintenance strategies, and other health-related behaviors for the purpose of determining the behavioral and psychological characteristics of weight maintainers, as well as the strategies they use to maintain weight loss. Comparison of the levels of physical activity between successful weight loss maintainers and people who had always ...