Lead your clients into discovering the goals they should set for themselves. The most important consideration in setting exercise goals is to include the client in the process. Always maintain a positive and encouraging attitude that helps your clients understand what would be appropriate goals, and be sufficiently open-minded to see when clients are not interested in the goals you believe are appropriate.
Evaluate clients regarding their level of risk to exercise. This is almost universally true, because exercise produces many healthful benefits that reduce the risk of diseases associated with inactivity – coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, certain forms of cancer, and so on. Table 1.1 provides a screening form for evaluating clients regarding their level of risk to exercise.