Shopping Basket 0
Human Kinetics Publishers, Inc.

HUMAN KINETICS

Excerpts

Perform a rotator cuff strength test

By David Salo, PhD and Scott A. Riewald, PhD




Rotator Cuff Strength Test

The four muscles of the rotator cuff (teres minor, infraspinatus, subscapularis, and supraspinatus) are responsible for generating force and stabilizing the shoulder in all of the swimming strokes. The internal rotators tend to become stronger than the external rotators in swimmers, setting up a force imbalance in the shoulder. The rotator cuff strength test examines the strength in the external rotators to determine if additional strengthening of these muscles is needed. This test is best performed by a qualified health care provider.

  1. In a seated position, raise your left arm out to the side 90 degrees and flex the elbow 90 degrees as well. Your hand should point to the ceiling.
  2. The examiner should gently stabilize your elbow with one hand while trying to internally rotate your shoulder by pushing on your wrist (see figure 1.4).
  3. Try to maintain the initial 90-90 position; do not let the examiner rotate your shoulder.
  4. Based on your strength, the examiner will score you on a scale of 0 to 5. Most swimmers will be rated a 3, 4, or 5.

5 (normal strength): You are able to maintain the 90-90 position without pain when the examiner applies a maximal force.

4 (good strength): You are able to maintain the 90-90 position without pain against a moderate force from the examiner. When a stronger force is applied, the shoulder will move slightly into internal rotation.

3 (fair strength): You are not able to withstand any resistance applied by the examiner.

2 and below (poor strength): You will not even be able to hold the arm in the 90-90 position against gravity without additional support.

A score of 5 is considered normal; anything less indicates you need to strengthen the external rotators.

This is an excerpt from Complete Conditioning for Swimming.

 

 

 




Share Facebook Reddit LinkedIn Twitter

Tools


Print Save to favorites


Articles and Links




Products


Complete Conditioning for Swimming
Dave Salo, coach of Olympic medalists Lenny Krayzelburg, Aaron Peirsol, Amanda Beard, Jason Lezak, Rebecca Soni, Jessica Hardy, Ous Mellouli, Vladimir Morozov, Larsen Jensen, Gabe Woodward, Staciana Stitts, Colleen Lanne, Ricky Berens, Eric Shanteau, and Haley Anderson, and Scott Riewald, performance specialist for the USOC, have teamed up to create a comprehensive program that uses fitness assessments to tailor strength, endurance, and flexibility exercises.
£18.99


Also of Interest



Get the latest news, special offers, and updates on authors and products. SIGN UP NOW!

Human Kinetics Rewards

About Our Products

Book Excerpts

Catalogs

News and Articles

About Us

Career Opportunities

Events

Partners

Business to Business

Author Center

HK Today Newsletter

Services

Exam/Desk Copies

Language rights translation

Association Management

Associate Program

Rights and Permissions

Featured Programs

Human Kinetics Coach Education

Fitnessgram

Fitness for Life

Active Living Every Day

Connect with Us

Google Plus YouTube Tumblr Pinterest

Terms & Conditions

/

Privacy Policy

/

Safe Harbor