This section will help you establish your teaching emphasis as you read the basic skills necessary to play wheelchair basketball. Six skills could be taught in your physical education class to students with and without disabilities. Notice that the skill of passing has three variations: chest, bounce, and hook. For students with higher function, you may also use a fourth pass called the baseball pass. The baseball pass is presented in chapter 7, Indoor Wheelchair Soccer. Dribbling is also broken down into two types: stationary and continuous. There are also three skills essential to the game of wheelchair basketball that rely on general wheelchair mobility: the bounce stop, the bounce spin, and ball retrieval. It is up to you to decide which skills are within the capabilities of your students with disabilities.
Following are descriptions of three types of passes used in the game of wheelchair basketball. Teach the skills that are most appropriate given your students’ abilities.
The student places the hands on either side of the ball and then draws the ball into the chest by flexing the elbows. The student then extends the elbows forcefully to pass the ball, turning the thumbs inward and down upon release.
This pass uses the same mechanics as those used in the chest pass, with the following emphasis: the student passes the ball so that the bounce hits a spot on the floor halfway between the student and another student and tries to land the ball in the other student’s lap.
This pass is used in a stationary situation when a defensive player is positioned between two offensive players. The offensive player holds the ball in the hand away from the defensive player by extending the arm out and away from the body. The player stabilizes the body by gripping the top of the mainwheel with the hand closest to the defensive player. Using a hooking motion, the player brings the arm with the ball up and over the head so that the elbow of the passing arm strikes the ear upon release of the ball.
Read more from Teaching Disability Sport, Second Edition.