Injuries by Structure or System
Bony injuries include various types of fractures, which are discussed in turn. An overview of injuries to ligaments and joints, muscles and tendons, skin injuries, and finally systemic disorders follows. Of all sports injuries, those to muscles, tendons, and ligaments are probably the most common. Naturally, the more physical a sport is and the more contact and high-energy collisions it involves, the greater the risk for injuries. American football and rugby are more likely to cause fractures, for instance, than tennis or basketball, in which ankle sprains tend to be more common.
One of the most common injuries that occurs to bones, particularly the longer bones of the arms and legs is a fracture, or a break in the bone. (A fractured bone and a broken bone are the same thing; one is not worse than the other.) Other common places for fractures are the bones of the wrist, ankle, and kneecap.