Class format: One on one
Organizational pattern: Individual with teacher or peer assistant
Equipment: Ramp; traffic cones; boccia balls or 6-inch (15 cm) slightly deflated playground balls, tennis balls, softballs, or 6-inch (15 cm) Nerf balls
Description: Place three traffic cones as targets 10 feet (3 m) apart on the gym floor at 10, 15, and 20 feet (3, 4.6, and 6 m) from the baseline of the basketball court. Place the ramp on the court facing the target cones. The object of the game is for the student to throw three balls at each of the target cones so that the balls roll to a stop creating a block, or fort, around the cone. The student should throw three balls at the first cone before moving to the next one. The goal is to place the balls in such a formation as to surround the cone from several angles. The ramp can be moved to address the different throwing distances and angles to create the blocks.
Extension: Have the student use various size balls moving from larger to smaller.
Inclusion suggestion: Students without disabilities could try to roll a ball through the fort to challenge the block.
Class format: Small group
Organizational pattern: Students with and without disabilities work in small groups of three. The group will be throwing at a jack ball placed 12 feet (3.7 m) from a basketball baseline.
Equipment: Ramps; boccia balls or 6-inch (15 cm) slightly deflated playground balls, tennis balls, softballs, or 6-inch (15 cm) Nerf balls; chair
Description: Place a jack ball out on the court at least 12 feet (3.7 m) from the throwing area (baseline of a basketball court). Position a ramp on the baseline facing the jack ball. A student without a disability is seated on a chair next to the student using the ramp and positioned to throw at the jack ball. The student using the ramp has two balls, and the student seated in the chair has one. The student using the ramp throws first in an attempt to block the path of throw of the opponent in the chair. The student in the chair throws second and tries to beat the block and position closer to the jack ball. The student using the ramp throws third and tries to get closer to the jack than the student in the chair did.
Extensions: The activity can be played at various distances to the jack ball using various sizes and types of balls. Additional throws can be added as students’ skills improve.
Inclusion suggestion: The game can be repeated in stations around the gym with all students using homemade ramps and folding chairs.
Read more from Teaching Disability Sport, Second Edition.