A team of researchers from the Faculty of Human Kinetics of the Technical University of Lisbon, with the co-work of researchers from the Sports Faculty of the University of Porto, has seen their work published in the latest number of the American Journal of the Human Biology. The paper is named Are Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity Independently Associated to Overweight, Obesity, and Abdominal Obesity in Elderly?, and is aimed to understand the independent association of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and physical activity (PA) with overweight and total abdominal obesity in the elderly population.
The sample was a total of 112 males and 185 females, aged between 65 and 103 years. Their PA was assessed with accelerometers and a six-minute walk test is used as CRF markers. Anthropometry was also assessed for all the subjects. Binary logistic regression was performed and showed that moderate-to-vigorous PA predicted OR for abdominal obesity, obesity and both conditions coupled.
For conclusions, they stated that higher CRF and MVPA are independently associated with lower risk for an increased WC (waist circumference). They also found that independently of CRF, MVPA contributed for the reduction of the risk for obesity and cluster of obesity and abdominal obesity. Their results emphasize the importance of PA promotion for obesity and to improve body fat distribution in elderly population.